City center of Martin
|Name origin: church dedicated to St. Martin|
|Elevation||395 m (1,296 ft)|
|Area||67.736 km2 (26.153 sq mi)|
|Density||812/km2 (2,103/sq mi)|
|Mayor||Andrej Hrnčiar (Sieť)|
|- summer (DST)||CEST|
|Postal code||036 01|
|Wikimedia Commons: Martin, Slovakia|
|Statistics: MOŠ/MIS[permanent dead link]|
Martin ( pronunciation (help·info); Slovak: Turčiansky Svätý Martin until 1950, Hungarian: Turócszentmárton, German: Turz-Sankt Martin, Latin: Sanctus Martinus / Martinopolis) is a city in northern Slovakia, situated on the Turiec river, between the Malá Fatra and Veľká Fatra mountains, near the city of Žilina. The population numbers approximately 55,000, which makes it the eighth-largest city in Slovakia. It is the center of the Turiec region and the District of Martin.
From the second half of the 10th century until 1918, it was part of the Kingdom of Hungary. The first recorded reference to Martin in written sources is dated to 1284 under the name of Vila Sancti Martini.
In the turbulent 15th century, Martin suffered from many disasters, for example from the attack of the Hussites in 1433, when the town was burned down. Just ten years later, it was destroyed again by an earthquake and Martin started to be slowly degraded from royal to the privileged town and under direct influence of the Révay family.
Since the 18th century, Martin became centre of the Turóc county.
The town became the foremost Slovak cultural center in the 19th century. Several cultural institutions (including Slovak Matica and Slovak National Museum) were founded there. Most political activities leading to the Slovak national emancipation in the 19th and early 20th centuries were organized in or from Martin. The town was also industrialized at this time. The first printing works were established in 1869, the furniture factory Tatra nábytok in 1890, and so on.
National Council of the Slovak Republic declared the City of Martin the center of national culture of the Slovaks on August 24, 1994.
City of Martin won the United Nations Public Service Award in 2011 in category: Preventing and Combating Corruption in the Public Service.
Martin lies at an altitude of 395 metres (1,296 ft) above sea level and covers an area of 67.74 square kilometres (26.2 sq mi). It is located in northern Slovakia, in the Turiec Basin, just south of the confluence of the Turiec river with Váh. Mountain ranges in the proximity of the city are Malá Fatra (Lesser Fatra) and Vel’ká Fatra (Greater Fatra); more to the south are the Žiar and Kremnica Mountains. The nearest major cities are Žilina, 30 kilometres (19 mi) away to the north-west, Banská Bystrica, 60 kilometres (37 mi) away to the south-east and capital Bratislava, 230 kilometres (143 mi) to the south-west (by road). Martin has 10 boroughs: Jahodníky, Ľadoveň, Stred, Sever, Košúty, Podháj, Stráne, Priekopa, Tomčany and Záturčie.
Martin lies in the north temperate zone and has a continental climate with four distinct seasons. It is characterized by a significant variation between hot summers and cold, snowy winters. Average annual temperature is around 7 °C (45 °F) and average annual rainfall is 750–860 mm (29.5–33.9 in); most of the rainfall is in June and in the first half of July. Snow cover lasts from 60 to 80 days per year.
|Climate data for Martin|
|Average high °C (°F)||0
|Average low °C (°F)||−5
|Average precipitation cm (inches)||2.85
|Source: MSN Weather|
Martin has a population of 55,000 (as of December 31, 2016). Since end of 1990s when the population reached the top (more than 60,000) every year a slight decrease has been observed. According to the 2001 census, 94.9% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 1.6% Czechs, 0.5% Romani, and 0.2% Hungarians. The religious makeup was 44.1% Roman Catholics, 31.2% people with no religious affiliation, and 17.2% Lutherans.
According to the 2011 census, 81.7% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 1.0% Czechs, 0.09% Roma, and 0.2% Hungarians and 16.2% did not specify nationality. The religious makeup was 34.3% Roman Catholics, 28.3% people with no religious affiliation, 21.1% did not specify religion and 13.2% Lutherans.
The oldest building is a Romanesque church dedicated to Saint Martin of Tours (13th century). The Slovak National Museum placed its ethnographic collection in Martin. An open-air museum in the suburbs, the Museum of the Slovak Village (Jahodnícke háje), exhibits the traditional rural architecture and folk traditions of the region of Turiec. The Slovak National Cemetery is the official Slovak hall of fame, inspired by the Panthéon in Paris. The Slovak Chamber Theatre in Martin was established in 1944 as the second professional theatre company in Slovakia. The theatre building is a landmark of the city center.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (October 2009)
Martin is home to a Volkswagen Group-owned automotive industry production plant, under the Volkswagen Slovakia, a.s. subsidiary. Opened in 2000, it employs approximately 800 people. The city has been hit rather hard by the recession as Volkswagen was forced to lay off over 200 workers. The Danish shoe company ECCO is situated near to the Kosuty II borough in industrial park. This park is also using by other companies like MAR SK, GGB or Zinkpower. University hospital employs approximately thousand of doctors, nurses and other personal. Quality of printing company Neografia is appreciated by the publishers in more than 15 European countries, where Neografia exports the decisive part of its production of books. Several important companies are located near to the city of Martin like ŽOS Vrútky (rail vehicles industry) or Prefa Sučany (concrete prefabricates). Due to economic crisis the unemployment rate rose to 10%, but was still below national average rate. Current situation (2016) is much better and unemployment rate oscillates approximately 5%. Many inhabitants work in nearby town Žilina, that is an important industrial center and major city of region.
Martin is home to the Jessenius Faculty of Medicine which is one of three medical schools in Slovakia. Up to 500 Norwegian and 100 Icelandic medical students are currently studying there. The city's system of primary education consists of nine public schools, two private primary schools (BellAmos School), and two religious primary schools, enrolling in total 5,027 pupils. There is currently a plan to build a five story high school near the main square. When completed, it will be the largest educational building in Slovakia apart from universities. The school will be named after Andrej Hlinka, a former Slovak politician. Secondary education is represented by two gymnasia with 828 students, three specialized high schools with 1,050 students (Business Academy Martin), and three vocational schools with 2,501 students (data as of 2007[update]).
- MHC Martin is participant of the highest Slovak ice hockey division, the Slovak Extraliga.
- MHak Martin is participant of the 2nd Slovak handball division, the Handball 1st league.
Martin lies on the crossroad that interconnect the main road (as well main railway) from Bratislava to Košice with Banská Bystrica. It is connected directly to Žilina, Turčianske Teplice and Ružomberok.
Twin towns - sister cities
Martin is twinned with:
- Gotha, Germany
- Hoogeveen, Netherlands
- Karviná, Czech Republic
- Jičín, Czech Republic
- Kalisz, Poland (since 1996)
- Skoczów, Poland
- Bački Petrovac, Serbia
- Fargo, United States 
- Janko Alexy, painter
- Miloš Alexander Bazovský, painter
- Peter Bartoš, ice hockey player, silver medal at the WCH 2000. 5× Slovakian Extraliga Champion
- Martin Benka, painter
- Barbora Bobuľová, actress
- Zdeno Cíger, ice hockey player, 3× bronze medal at the WCH 1989, 1990, 2003
- Matúš Daňko, ski mountaineer
- Oto Haščák, ice hockey player, 2× bronze medal at the WCH 1989, 1990. 1× Czech Extraliga Champion
- Stanislav Jančárik, or Estanislao Jancarik (in Spanish), architect who designed many buildings in Buenos Aires
- Janko Jesenský, writer
- Jaroslav Katriňák, endurance motorcycle racer, 9th overall place at 2007 Dakar Rally
- Jana Kirschner, pop singer
- Lucia Klocová, athlete, who specialises in the 800 metres
- Andrej Kmeť, scientist
- Ľuboš Kostelný, actor
- Zora Mintalová - Zubercová, ethnographer, historian and museologist
- Anton Neuwirth, Presidential candidate, Ambassador
- Lukáš Plank, Pathologist
- Miloslav Schmidt, organizer of fire brigades
- Róbert Švehla, ice hockey player, bronze medal at the WCH 1992, 2003
- Radovan Somík, ice hockey player, world champion at the WCH 2002
- Peter Smrek, ice hockey player, world champion at the WCH 2002
- Richard Pánik - ice hockey player, several seasons in NHL, AHL Calder Cup Champion
- Ján Tabaček, ice hockey player, 2× Czech Extraliga Champion, 1x NLA Champion, 5× Slovakian Extraliga Champion
- Ladislav Záborský, painter
- "UN Award". UN.
- "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2008-01-11. Retrieved 2008-01-22.
- "Monthly Averages for Martin, Slovakia". MSN. Retrieved 18 January 2008.
- 2011 Census (PDF). Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic https://web.archive.org/web/20131114160303/http://portal.statistics.sk/files/nationality.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2013. Missing or empty
- "Prehľad základných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-07-10. Retrieved 2008-03-07.
- "Prehľad gymnázií v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. Retrieved 2008-03-07.[permanent dead link]
- "Prehľad stredných odborných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. Retrieved 2008-03-07.[permanent dead link]
- "Prehľad združených stredných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (PDF) (in Slovak). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-07-10. Retrieved 2008-03-07.
- "Kalisz Official Website - Twin Towns". (in English and Polish) © 2005-2008 Urząd Miejski Kalisz. Retrieved 2008-11-29.
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