Martin Bangemann

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Martin Bangemann
Bangemann in 1977
Federal Minister of Economics
West Germany
In office
27 June 1984 – 9 December 1988
Preceded byOtto Graf Lambsdorff
Succeeded byHelmut Haussmann
Chairman of the FDP
In office
Preceded byHans-Dietrich Genscher
Succeeded byOtto Graf Lambsdorff
Personal details
Born(1934-11-15)15 November 1934
Wanzleben, Saxony, Prussia, Germany
Died28 June 2022(2022-06-28) (aged 87)
Deux-Sèvres, France
Political partyFDP
Alma mater

Martin Bangemann (15 November 1934 – 28 June 2022) was a German politician and a leader of the Free Democratic Party (FDP) from 1985 to 1988. He was German Federal Minister of Economics and European Commissioner.

Life and career[edit]

Bangemann (left) with Erich Honecker in Berlin 1986

Bangemann was born on 15 November 1934 in Wanzleben.[1] He studied law in Tübingen and Munich, and earned a Dr. jur. (not equivalent to J.D., but a PhD in law) in 1962 with a dissertation entitled Bilder und Fiktionen in Recht und Rechtswissenschaft (Imagery and fiction in law and jurisprudence).[2] He qualified as an attorney in 1964. In 1963, he joined the FDP.[3] He worked as a lawyer in Baden-Württemberg.[4]

In 1972, he was elected to the Bundestag and became briefly Secretary General of the FDP.[5]

Bangemann was a member of the European Parliament from 1973 to 1984; from 1976 to 1979 he was vice-chairman, from 1979 to 1984 chairman of the Liberal and Democratic Group. From 1978 to 1979 he was vice-chair of the Committee on Budgets.[6]

Bangemann was the German Federal Minister of Economics from 1984 to 1988.[7] Problems in his tenure were high unemployment and the steel, coal and shipyard crises.[5]

In 1988, Bangemann joined the European Commission. He was Commissioner for the internal market and industrial affairs in the Delors Commission from 1989 to 1995.[8] He was then Commissioner for Industrial affairs, Information & Telecommunications Technologies in the Santer Commission from 1995 to 1999.[citation needed]

As commissioner he led a "high-level group" that drew up the report "Europe and the Global Information Society" in 1994.[9][10] This document contained recommendations to the European Council on the measures that Europe should take regarding information infrastructure. It became known as the "Bangemann report" and influenced many EU policies.[11]

He then moved from European politics to the board of the Spanish group Telefónica.[12][13] In addition, Bangemann ran a consulting agency.[5]

He was married and had five children.[14]

Bangemann died from a heart attack at his home in Deux-Sèvres on 28 June 2022 at the age of 87.[1]



  1. ^ a b Schmitt, Jörg (29 June 2022). "Früherer Bundeswirtschaftsminister Bangemann ist tot" (in German). Deutsche Presse-Agentur. Retrieved 29 June 2022 – via Die Welt.
  2. ^ Bangemann, Martin (1963), Bilder und Fiktionen in Recht und Rechtswissenschaft (in German), OCLC 613907576
  3. ^ "Früherer FDP-Chef Martin Bangemann ist tot". Die Zeit (in German). Retrieved 29 June 2022.
  4. ^ "Ehemaliger FDP-Chef Martin Bangmann ist tot". (in German). 29 June 2022. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  5. ^ a b c "Ex-Wirtschaftsminister Martin Bangemann ist tot". BR24 (in German). 29 June 2022. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  6. ^ "Home | MEPs | European Parliament". Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  7. ^ "Ex-Bundeswirtschaftsminister Martin Bangemann gestorben". (in German). 29 June 2022. Retrieved 29 June 2022.
  8. ^ "Wirklich atemberaubend". Der Spiegel (in German). 7 May 1989. Retrieved 29 June 2022.
  9. ^ Europe and the global information society: Recommendations to the European Council. Version hosted on I*M Europe, by Directorate-General XIII of the European Commission.
  10. ^ "Report on Europe and the Global Information Society: Recommendations of the High-level Group on the Information Society to the Corfu European Council. Bulletin of the European Union, Supplement No. 2/94." University of Pittsburgh – Archive of European Integration (AEI).
  11. ^ Mackay, Hugh; Maples, Wendy; Reynolds, Paul (2001). Investigating the Information Society. London/New York: Routledge & The Open University. p. 8. ISBN 0-415-26831-1.
  12. ^ "Früherer FDP-Chef Martin Bangemann gestorben". Der Spiegel (in German). 29 June 2022. Retrieved 29 June 2022.
  13. ^ "EU-Kommission: Europa, deine Bangemänner". Der Spiegel (in German). 12 July 1999. Retrieved 29 June 2022.
  14. ^ "Martin Bangemann". European Commission. Retrieved 25 September 2010.

General and cited sources[edit]

  • Walter, Franz (June 2005). "Die Integration der Individualisten. Parteivorsitzende in der FDP" [The Integration of the Individualists: Party Chairmen in the FDP]. In Forkmann, Daniela; Schlieben, Michael (eds.). Die Parteivorsitzenden in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1949–2005 [The Party Chairmen of the Federal Republic of Germany 1949–2005]. Göttinger Studien zur Parteiforschung. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften. pp. 151–154. ISBN 3-531-14516-9.
  • Dittberner, Jürgen (2005). Die FDP: Geschichte, Personen, Organisation, Perspektiven ; eine Einführung [The FDP: History, People, Organization, Perspectives; an Introduction] (in German). VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften. p. 72. ISBN 3-531-14050-7.
  • "1st parliamentary term – Martin BANGEMANN – MEPs". European Parliament. 15 November 1934. Retrieved 30 June 2022.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
German European Commissioner
Succeeded by