Martin Baum

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Martin Baum
Martin Baum 002.png
Born(1765-06-15)June 15, 1765
Hagerstown, Maryland, United States
DiedDecember 14, 1831(1831-12-14) (aged 66)
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Resting placeSpring Grove Cemetery

Martin Baum (15 June 1765 in Hagerstown, Maryland – 14 December 1831 in Cincinnati, Ohio [1]) was an American businessman and politician.

The son of German immigrants Jacob Baum and Magdalena Elizabeth Kershner, Baum fought with General Anthony Wayne at the Battle of Fallen Timbers.

After settling in Cincinnati, Baum became active in civic affairs, and was elected mayor in 1807 and 1812.[2][3] Through his agents in Baltimore, New Orleans and Philadelphia, Baum attracted a great number of German immigrants to work in his various enterprises — steamboats, a sugar refinery, a foundry, and real estate.[4] Baum founded the Western Museum, was active in the first public library in 1802, and was one of the main pillars of the First Presbyterian Church. He married Anna Somerville Wallace in 1804.

He bought the 9-acre (36,000 m2) property on Pike Street in 1812, to build his home. Baum completed construction in about 1820; the building, once lived in by Nicholas Longworth (the first) and David Sinton, is now the Taft Museum. The building is the best example of the Federal style in Cincinnati. Baum was caught in the financial upheaval of 1819-20, and he was eventually forced to deed his home back to the Bank of the United States in 1825.

Baum died during an influenza epidemic.[5] He was buried in the First Presbyterian Ground. On 6 June 1853 his body was moved to Spring Grove Cemetery.

One of the cars of the Mount Adams Incline was named in his honor.

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Martin Baum" 7 November 2010
  2. ^ Greve, Charles Theodore (1904). Centennial history of Cincinnati and representative citizens. 1. Chicago: Biographical Publishing Company. p. 438.
  3. ^ Goss, Charles Frederic (1912). Cincinnati, the Queen City, 1788-1912. 1. Cincinnati: S J Clarke Publishing Company. p. 96.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2008-05-02.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) "At the beginning of the 19th century, German immigrants were about 5% of Cincinnati's population. By the time of the American Civil War, Germans were one-third of the population, and by the end of the century, about 60% of Cincinnati's citizens were of German heritage. So not only did German immigrants influence society in Cincinnati, the changed it completely."
  5. ^ Goss, Charles Frederic (1912). Cincinnati, the Queen City, 1788-1912. 2. Cincinnati: S J Clarke Publishing Company. p. 12. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
Political offices
Preceded by
John S. Gano
Mayor of Cincinnati
Succeeded by
Daniel Symmes
Preceded by
James Findlay
Mayor of Cincinnati
Succeeded by
William Stanley