|Born||Martin Harold Phillips Bott
12 July 1926 
|Alma mater||University of Cambridge (MA, PhD)|
|Thesis||Part I. The deep structure of Northumberland and Co. Durham. Part II. A geophysical study of the granites in relation to crystal structure (1954)|
|Doctoral students||Anthony Watts|
Bott worked throughout his academic career at the University of Durham. In 1954 he started as Turner & Newall Research Fellow. In 1956 he received an appointment as Lecturer in Geophysics, was promoted to Reader in Geophysics in 1963 and in 1966 appointed Professor of Geophysics. This place he held until his retirement in 1988, interrupted only in 1970 by a year abroad at the Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory of Columbia University.
Bott dealt first with the interpretation of magnetic and gravimetric anomalies in England, including Devon and Cornwall and in the eastern Alps. In the late 1950s he began studies on the mechanism of geological disturbances, and published work on various problems in relation to the structure of the crust.
In the 1960s Bott published papers on the use of digital computation methods for solving geophysical problems and further work on the structure of the crust, regional geophysical studies in England and Ireland. In the early 1970s he published his textbook The Interior of the Earth, in which he summarized the current knowledge about the structure of the earth. In addition to theoretical work on the interpretation of magnetic and gravimetric anomalies that appeared over the next few years, he published other geophysical papers on regions such as the Faroe Islands, South Greenland and the Lesser Antilles. Even after his retirement, he remained true to his research and published numerous scientific papers and books. 
Awards and honours
|“||Distinguished for his investigations into gravity anomalies related to granitic intrusions and into methods for discriminating them from anomalies due to concealed sedimentary basins. His results throw new light upon the mechanism of emplacement of acid igneous intrusions in the Earth's crust. His prediction that a buried granite must be present beneath Weardale was substantiated by deep boring. He has elucidated problems of crustal dynamics in terms of ductile flow of isostatic origin in the upper mantle, and has proposed a new explanation for cyclic sedimentation. Since the advent of digital computers he has developed a wide range of computer techniques for the interpretation of gravity and magnetic anomalies, of very general applicability. His classic earlier studies of crustal structure in northern England and the Cornubian peninsular have been extended off-shore, notably to the Irish Sea, the continental shelf area north-west of Scotland, and the Iceland-Faroes ridge, all of these studies contributing very significantly to a better understanding of the origin and evolution of the North Atlantic basin and margins in the vicinity of the British Isles.||”|
- BOTT, Prof. Martin Harold Phillips. Who's Who 2014 (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. (subscription required)
- Watts, Anthony Brian (1970). Geophysical investigations in the Faeroes to Scotland region, Northeast Atlantic (PhD thesis). University of Durham.
- "Prof Martin H. P. Bott". Durham University. 2011. Retrieved September 2011.
- Martin Bott's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database, a service provided by Elsevier.
- Bott, Martin Harold Phillips (1954). Part I. The deep structure of Northumberland and Co. Durham. Part II. A geophysical study of the granites in relation to crystal structure (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. (subscription required)
- Bott, M. H. P.; Day, A. A.; Masson-Smith, D. (1958). "The Geological Interpretation of Gravity and Magnetic Surveys in Devon and Cornwall". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 251 (992): 161. Bibcode:1958RSPTA.251..161B. doi:10.1098/rsta.1958.0013.
- Interpretation of the gravity field of the Eastern Alps. MHP Bott – Geological Magazine, 1954 - Cambridge Univ Press
- Bott, M. H. P. (1956). "A geophysical study of the granite problem". Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society 112: 45. doi:10.1144/GSL.JGS.1956.112.01-04.04.
- Bott, M. H. P. (1960). "The use of Rapid Digital Computing Methods for Direct Gravity Interpretation of Sedimentary Basins". Geophysical Journal International 3: 63. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.1960.tb00065.x.
- Bott, M. H. P.; Sunderland, J.; Smith, P. J.; Casten, U.; Saxov, S. (1974). "Evidence for continental crust beneath the Faeroe Islands". Nature 248 (5445): 202. doi:10.1038/248202a0.
- Featherstone, P. S.; Bott, M. H. P.; Peacock, J. H. (1977). "Structure of the continental margin of South-eastern Greenland". Geophysical Journal International 48: 15. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.1977.tb01282.x.
- Westbrook, G. K.; Bott, M. H. P.; Peacock, J. H. (1973). "Lesser Antilles Subduction Zone in the Vicinity of Barbados". Nature Physical Science 244 (138): 118. doi:10.1038/physci244118a0.
- 1971: The Interior of the Earth. London: Edward Arnold ISBN 0-7131-2274-9
- 1976: Sedimentary Basins of Continental Margins and Cratons; based on the symposium ... Durham, 1976. Amsterdam: Elsevier ISBN 0-444-41549-1 (as editor) (also issued as: Tectonophysics; vol. 36, nos. 1-3)
- 1982: The Interior of the Earth: its structure, constitution and evolution; 2nd ed. London: Edward Arnold ISBN 0-7131-2842-9
- 1983: Structure and Development of the Greenland-Scotland Ridge: new methods and concepts. New York: Plenum ISBN 0-306-41019-2 (as joint editor)
- Bott, M.H.P 2003. The story of the Weardale granite. OUGS Journal 24.
- Neves, M. C. (2003). "Easter microplate dynamics". Journal of Geophysical Research 108. doi:10.1029/2001JB000908.
- Bott, M. H. P.; Bott, J. D. J. (2004). "The Cenozoic uplift and earthquake belt of mainland Britain as a response to an underlying hot, low-density upper mantle". Journal of the Geological Society 161: 19. doi:10.1144/0016-764903-014.
- Neves, M. C.; Bott, M. H. P.; Searle, R. C. (2004). "Patterns of stress at midocean ridges and their offsets due to seafloor subsidence". Tectonophysics 386 (3–4): 223. doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2004.06.010.
- "Holders of the Wollaston medal (1831–2005)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2009-02-13.
- "EC/1977/08: Bott, Martin Harold Phillips Library and Archive Catalogue". London: The Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2014-09-12.
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