Martin County, Kentucky

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Martin County, Kentucky
Martin County Government Center, Inez.jpg
County government center
Map of Kentucky highlighting Martin County
Location in the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
FoundedSeptember 1, 1870
Named forJohn P. Martin
SeatInez
Largest cityInez
Area
 • Total231 sq mi (598 km2)
 • Land230 sq mi (596 km2)
 • Water1.0 sq mi (3 km2), 0.4%
Population
 • (2010)12,929
 • Density56/sq mi (22/km2)
Congressional district5th
Time zoneEastern: UTC−5/−4
Websitewww.martincountykentucky.com

Martin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,929.[1] Its county seat is Inez.[2] The county was founded in 1870 and is named for Congressman John Preston Martin.[3][4] Warfield, Kentucky, is the only non-dry city in the county.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 231 square miles (600 km2), of which 230 square miles (600 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.4%) is water.[5] The county's eastern border is formed by the Tug Fork of the Big Sandy River.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18803,057
18904,20937.7%
19005,78037.3%
19107,29126.1%
19207,6545.0%
19308,58412.2%
194010,97027.8%
195011,6776.4%
196010,201−12.6%
19709,377−8.1%
198013,92548.5%
199012,526−10.0%
200012,5780.4%
201012,9292.8%
Est. 201612,002[6]−7.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 12,578 people, 4,776 households, and 3,620 families residing in the county. The population density was 54 per square mile (21/km2). There were 5,551 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile (9.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 99.25% White, 0.03% Black or African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.01% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 0.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,776 households out of which 39.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 12.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.20% were non-families. 21.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.10% under the age of 18; 9.50% from 18 to 24; 29.30% from 25 to 44; 23.30% from 45 to 64,; and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $18,279, and the median income for a family was $21,574. Males had a median income of $31,994 versus $18,011 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,650. About 33.30% of families and 37.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.10% of those under age 18 and 26.90% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 88.6% 3,503 9.2% 363 2.2% 87
2012 83.2% 3,180 15.0% 574 1.8% 70
2008 76.5% 2,824 21.9% 808 1.6% 60
2004 66.0% 2,996 33.1% 1,504 0.9% 39
2000 59.9% 2,667 38.5% 1,714 1.7% 75
1996 41.9% 1,612 47.0% 1,807 11.1% 426
1992 47.9% 1,961 41.9% 1,715 10.2% 419
1988 61.7% 2,587 37.7% 1,581 0.7% 28
1984 68.0% 3,238 30.9% 1,471 1.1% 51
1980 63.1% 2,793 35.4% 1,567 1.6% 70
1976 62.1% 2,120 37.1% 1,267 0.8% 26
1972 77.9% 2,495 20.6% 661 1.5% 48
1968 68.4% 1,943 26.7% 759 4.9% 138
1964 47.4% 1,567 51.2% 1,694 1.4% 45
1960 71.6% 2,809 28.4% 1,116 0.0% 0
1956 80.6% 2,927 19.1% 694 0.3% 12
1952 69.2% 2,641 30.8% 1,174 0.0% 0
1948 67.2% 1,964 31.2% 911 1.6% 46
1944 78.3% 2,067 21.6% 571 0.0% 1
1940 73.3% 2,275 26.6% 826 0.0% 1
1936 71.4% 2,037 28.6% 817 0.0% 1
1932 69.3% 1,774 30.1% 770 0.6% 15
1928 80.4% 1,674 19.4% 404 0.1% 3
1924 72.9% 1,512 17.6% 364 9.5% 197
1920 83.1% 1,726 15.9% 330 1.0% 21
1916 78.4% 1,100 20.0% 280 1.6% 23
1912 54.2% 655 21.2% 256 24.7% 298

Economy[edit]

The Federal Bureau of Prisons U.S. Penitentiary, Big Sandy is located in unincorporated Martin County, near Inez.[13]

Coal companies in Martin County[edit]

  • Alliance Resource Partners[14]

Education[edit]

The Martin County School System operates public schools.

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Martin County". The Kentucky Encyclopedia. 2000. Retrieved August 23, 2014.
  4. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 36.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-04.
  13. ^ "Institution Supplement." United States Penitentiary, Big Sandy. 2 (2/18). Retrieved on February 21, 2011. "USP Big Sandy is located at 1197 Airport Rd, Inez, Kentucky." and "Directions from Interstate 64: From the following areas: Ashland, KY, Huntington, WV, and the Ohio area, travel Interstate 64 to Kentucky Exit 191 to Route 23 South. Follow 23 South for approximately 38 miles until you reach Route 645. Turn left onto Route 645 South and travel approximately 11 miles until you reach Route 3. Turn right onto Route 3 and travel for approximately 10 miles until you reach Airport Road. Turn left onto Airport Road and follow signs to the institution."
  14. ^ Alliance Resource Partners, L.P. » Central Appalachia Archived 2013-07-03 at the Wayback Machine.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°48′N 82°31′W / 37.80°N 82.52°W / 37.80; -82.52