Martin County, Texas

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Martin County, Texas
Martin county tx courthouse 2014.jpg
The Martin County Courthouse in Stanton
Map of Texas highlighting Martin County
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1884
Named for settler Wylie Martin
Seat Stanton
Largest city Stanton
Area
 • Total 916 sq mi (2,372 km2)
 • Land 915 sq mi (2,370 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (2 km2), 0.08%
Population
 • (2010) 4,799
 • Density 5.2/sq mi (2/km²)
Congressional district 11th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Martin County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 4,799.[1] Its county seat is Stanton.[2] The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1884.[3] It is named for Wylie Martin, an early settler.[4] Martin County is one of 30[5] prohibition, or entirely dry, counties in Texas.

Martin County is included in the Midland, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 916 square miles (2,370 km2), of which 915 square miles (2,370 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (0.08%) is water.[6] The northern portion of the Spraberry Trend, the third-largest oil field in the United States by remaining reserves, underlies much of the county.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 12
1890 264 2,100.0%
1900 332 25.8%
1910 1,549 366.6%
1920 1,146 −26.0%
1930 5,785 404.8%
1940 5,556 −4.0%
1950 5,541 −0.3%
1960 5,068 −8.5%
1970 4,774 −5.8%
1980 4,684 −1.9%
1990 4,956 5.8%
2000 4,746 −4.2%
2010 4,799 1.1%
Est. 2016 5,723 [8] 19.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1850–2010[10] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 4,746 people, 1,624 households, and 1,256 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,894 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.01% White, 1.58% Black or African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 16.06% from other races, and 2.36% from two or more races. 40.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,624 households out of which 42.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.30% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.60% were non-families. 21.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the county, the population was spread out with 33.90% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 19.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,836, and the median income for a family was $35,965. Males had a median income of $29,360 versus $19,063 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,647. About 14.90% of families and 18.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.90% of those under age 18 and 17.10% of those age 65 or over.

Media[edit]

The county is served by a weekly newspaper, local station KKJW (FM), nearby stations KBXJ (FM) and KPET (AM), and the various Midland and Odessa radio and TV stations.

Communities[edit]

Martin County Hospital, a 20-bed facility, serves the community.

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 91.0% 454 8.0% 40 1.0% 5
2012 85.7% 431 13.3% 67 1.0% 5
2008 74.5% 400 24.6% 132 0.9% 5
2004 82.8% 467 16.8% 95 0.4% 2
2000 81.6% 358 17.5% 77 0.9% 4
1996 63.7% 274 27.2% 117 9.1% 39
1992 61.9% 274 17.6% 78 20.5% 91
1988 75.9% 302 23.6% 94 0.5% 2
1984 84.7% 337 15.3% 61
1980 68.1% 271 30.7% 122 1.3% 5
1976 52.8% 217 47.2% 194
1972 76.8% 304 22.2% 88 1.0% 4
1968 39.5% 169 37.4% 160 23.1% 99
1964 39.5% 175 60.3% 267 0.2% 1
1960 50.1% 241 49.9% 240
1956 54.7% 226 44.8% 185 0.5% 2
1952 64.9% 290 34.9% 156 0.2% 1
1948 20.2% 61 73.5% 222 6.3% 19
1944 28.3% 106 59.5% 223 12.3% 46
1940 18.6% 77 81.4% 336
1936 12.3% 37 87.8% 265
1932 4.4% 12 95.6% 258
1928 50.0% 96 49.0% 94 1.0% 2
1924 49.8% 111 48.9% 109 1.4% 3
1920 31.1% 33 67.9% 72 0.9% 1
1916 20.1% 29 79.9% 115
1912 14.5% 9 80.7% 50 4.8% 3

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved December 21, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 201. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-16. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ Top 100 Oil and Gas Fields Archived 2009-05-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°18′N 101°58′W / 32.30°N 101.96°W / 32.30; -101.96