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He attended college in Solothurn 1817, then went to study in Lucerne from 1819-1821 (where he attended the very liberal zofingien circle). He also studied literature in Freiburg im Breisgau and in Jena in 1821. In 1823, he was forced to suddenly return home to Switzerland when he was accused of slander, having publicly denouncing Goethe's absence of political affiliation.