Martin Ennals Award for Human Rights Defenders
The Martin Ennals Award for Human Rights Defenders, sometimes called "the Nobel Prize for human rights", was created in 1993 to honour and protect individuals around the world who demonstrate exceptional courage in defending and promoting human rights. Its principal aim is to provide special protection ("protective publicity") to human rights defenders who are at risk by focusing international media attention on their plight, mainly through internet, particularly in their country of origin. The award is named after Martin Ennals, past secretary general of Amnesty International.
The award carries a cash prize of 20,000 Swiss francs to be used by the award winners to support their work in the field of human rights. The annual ceremony takes place in Geneva in October in association with the City of Geneva. An international jury, composed of representatives of ten human rights organizations, selects the award winner each year. Members of the jury include Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, International Federation of Human Rights, World Organisation Against Torture, Front Line Defenders, International Commission of Jurists, Human Rights First, International Service for Human Rights, Diakonie Germany, and Huridocs.
|1994||Harry Wu (China)|
|1995||Asma Jahangir (Pakistan)|
|1996||Clement Nwankwo (Nigeria)|
|1997||Samuel Ruiz Garcia (Mexico)|
|1998||Eyad El Sarraj (Palestine)|
|1999||Natasha Kandic (Yugoslavia)|
|2000||Immaculée Birhaheka (Democratic Republic of the Congo)|
|2001||Peace Brigades International (Colombia)|
|2002||Jacqueline Moudeina (Chad)|
|2003||Alirio Uribe Muñoz (Colombia)|
|2004||Lidia Yusupova (Russia)|
|2005||Aktham Naisse (Syria)|
|2006||Akbar Ganji (Iran) and Arnold Tsunga (Zimbabwe)|
|2007||Rajan Hoole, Kopalasingham Sritharan (both Sri Lanka) and Pierre Claver Mbonimpa (Burundi)|
|2008||Mutabar Tadjibaeva (Uzbekistan)|
|2009||Emadeddin Baghi (Iran)|
|2010||Muhannad Al-Hassani (Syria)|
|2011||Kasha Jacqueline Nabagesera (Uganda)|
|2012||Luon Sorvath (Cambodia)|
|2013:||Joint Mobile Group (Russia)|
|2014||Alejandra Ancheita (Mexico)|
|2015||Ahmed Mansoor (United Arab Emirates)|
|2016||Ilham Tohti (China)|
|2017||Mohamed Zaree (Egypt)|
|2019||Abdul Aziz Muhamat (originally Sudan, but in limbo on Manus)|
- "Le combat de Mutabar Tadjibaeva, survivante des geôles de Tachkent". Le Monde. 24 November 2008.
- "2017 Martin Ennals Award for Human Rights Defenders goes to Mohamed Zaree". Retrieved 11 February 2018.
- Young, Evan (14 February 2019). "Refugee flown from Manus Island to Switzerland to accept major human rights award". SBS News. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
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