June 19, 1912|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||May 22, 1986
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Cause of death||Heart attack|
|Resting place||Roosevelt Memorial Park
|Occupation||Actor, director, producer|
(married 1946–1986) (his death)
Martin Gabel (June 19, 1912 – May 22, 1986) was an American actor, film director and film producer.
Life and career
Gabel was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to Ruth (née Herzog) and Israel Gabel, a jeweler, both Jewish immigrants. He married Arlene Francis on May 14, 1946, and they had a son named Peter Gabel, former president of New College of California.
Gabel's most noted work was as narrator and host of the May 8, 1945 CBS Radio broadcast of Norman Corwin's epic dramatic poem On a Note of Triumph, a commemoration of the fall of the Nazi regime in Germany and the end of World War II in Europe. The broadcast was so popular that the CBS, NBC, Blue and Mutual networks broadcast a second live production of the program on May 13. The Columbia Masterworks record label subsequently published an album of the May 13 production. The production became the title focus of the Academy Award-winning short film A Note of Triumph: The Golden Age of Norman Corwin in 2005, the 60th anniversary year of the broadcast.
Gabel was first associated with Orson Welles when he played Javert in his six-part radio adaptation of Les Misérables (1937).:338 He became one of the original members of Welles's Mercury Theatre repertory company. On the stage Gabel portrayed Cassius in Caesar (1937), a critically acclaimed modern-dress adaptation of Shakespeare's tragedy streamlined into an anti-fascist tour de force,:339 and starred as Danton in Danton's Death (1938). On radio, he played Dr. Van Helsing in "Dracula" (1938), the debut episode of The Mercury Theatre on the Air.:50
In 1947, he made his first and only foray into film directing with the film The Lost Moment. Gabel made few films over his career, usually in small roles. A notable large supporting part was as crime boss Tomas Rienzi in Richard Brooks's Deadline U.S.A. (1952), starring Humphrey Bogart. Gabel played another mob figure in a Frank Sinatra private-detective film, Lady in Cement (1968), then co-starred again with Sinatra in Contract on Cherry Street and The First Deadly Sin.
Gabel won the 1961 Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor for the comedy Big Fish, Little Fish; he was also noted for his performances in the Broadway productions of Baker Street, in which he played Professor Moriarty; The Rivalry, in which he played Stephen A. Douglas.
Gabel played businessman Mr. Strutt in Alfred Hitchcock's Marnie (1964), and the psychiatrist in the Billy Wilder version of The Front Page (1974) with Walter Matthau and Jack Lemmon. He was a frequent guest panelist on the popular CBS Television Sunday night game show What's My Line?, on which his wife, Arlene Francis, regularly appeared.
Martin Gabel died in New York City from a heart attack, aged 73.
Selected stage roles
- In Praise of Love (1973–1975) ... as Mark Walters
- Sheep on the Runway (1970) ... as Joseph Mayflower
- Baker Street (1965) ... as Professor Moriarty
- Big Fish, Little Fish (1961) ... as Basil Smythe
- Once More, With Feeling (1958–1959) (producer)
- Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? (1955–1956) ... as Irving LaSalle
- Julius Caesar (1937–1938) ... as Cassius
- The First Deadly Sin (1980) ... as Christopher Langley
- The Front Page (1974) ... as Dr. Max J. Eggelhofer
- There Was a Crooked Man... (1970) .... as Warden LeGoff
- Lady in Cement (1968) ... as Al Munger
- Divorce American Style (1967) ... as Dr. Zenwinn
- Lord Love a Duck (1966) (uncredited) ... as T. Harrison Belmont
- Goodbye Charlie (1964) ... as Morton Craft
- Marnie (1964) ... as Sidney Strutt
- The Making of the President 1960 (1963) ... as Narrator
- The Power and the Glory (1961) ... as Chief of police
- The Crimebusters (1961) ... as George Vincent
- Tip on a Dead Jockey (1957) ... as Bert Smith
- The James Dean Story (1957) ... as Narrator
- The Thief (1952) ... as Mr. Bleek
- Deadline – U.S.A. (1952) ... as Tomas Rienzi
- M (1951) ... as Charlie Marshall, crime boss
- Pictura: An Adventure in Art (1951) ... as Co-Narrator
- Fourteen Hours (1951) ... as Dr. Strauss
- Smash-Up: The Story of a Woman (1947) (associate producer)
- The Lost Moment (1947) (director)
Selected television roles
- Contract on Cherry Street (1977) ... as Baruch 'Bob' Waldman, Crime Boss
- Smile, Jenny, You're Dead (1974) ... as Meade De Ruyter
- Harvey (1972) ... as Judge Omar Gaffney
- Tarzan (1967) ... as Peter Maas
- What's My Line? (1956–1967) ... Occasional panelist
- Thriller episode, The Watcher (1960) ... as Mr Freitag
- Info re Gabel's parents, books.google.com; accessed October 7, 2014.
- Martin Gabel profile, filmreference.com; accessed October 5, 2014.
- "Martin Gabel, Actor, Director and Producer, is dead at 73". The New York Times. May 23, 1986. Retrieved July 22, 2011.
- Martin Gabel at the Internet Movie Database
- "Danton's Death". Playbill. Retrieved 2015-09-05.
- Welles, Orson; Bogdanovich, Peter; Rosenbaum, Jonathan (1992). This is Orson Welles. New York: HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN 0-06-016616-9.
- Orson Welles on the Air: The Radio Years. New York: The Museum of Broadcasting, catalogue for exhibition October 28–December 3, 1988.
- Martin Gabel at the Internet Broadway Database