Martin Gottfried Weiss

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Martin Gottfried Weiss
Martin Gottfried Weiss.jpg
SS-Obersturmbannführer Weiss in custody
Born (1905-06-03)June 3, 1905
Weiden in der Oberpfalz
Died May 29, 1946(1946-05-29) (aged 40)
Dachau Trials execution
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Flag Schutzstaffel.svg Schutzstaffel
Years of service until 1945
Rank SS-Obersturmbannführer Collar Rank.svg SS-Obersturmbannführer

SS-Obersturmbannführer (Lieutenant Colonel) Martin Gottfried Weiss alternatively spelled Weiß (3 June 1905 – 29 May 1946) was the Commandant of Dachau concentration camp in 1945 at the time of his arrest. He also served from April 1940 until September 1942 as the commandant of Neuengamme concentration camp,[1] and later, from November 1943 until May 1944, as the fourth commandant of Majdanek death camp.[2]


Weiss was born in Weiden in der Oberpfalz. He was appointed commandant of Majdanek after his predecessor Hermann Florstedt was charged with wholesale stealing from the Jews to become rich. Weiss was captured at Munich on 29 April 1945 by corporal Henry Senger of the 292nd Field Artillery Observation Battalion,[3][4] and was tried during the Dachau Trials beginning 13 November 1945. After being found guilty of "violating the laws and usages of war," Weiss was executed by hanging at Landsberg prison on 29 May 1946.[5]

The main gate at Dachau concentration camp, marked with the slogan Arbeit macht frei 
Reconnaissance photograph of the Majdanek concentration camp (1944) 


  1. ^ Zámečník, Stanislav (2002), Das war Dachau, Luxemburg: Comité International de Dachau, pp. 254–255 
  2. ^ Chris Webb, Carmelo Lisciotto (2007). "Majdanek Concentration Camp (a.k.a. KL Lublin)". H.E.A.R.T, Holocaust Research Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "How a teenage corporal nabbed commandant of Dachau". 
  4. ^ Henry C. Senger. "The Capture of SS Colonel Commandant Martin Gottfried Weiss, The Last Commandant of Dachau Concentration Camp". 
  5. ^ Tomaz Jardim, The Mauthausen Trial - American Military Justice in Germany (Harvard, 2012) 46.
Military offices
Preceded by
SS-Sturmbannführer Walter Eisfeld
Commandant of Neuengamme concentration camp
April 1940 – September 1942
Succeeded by
SS-Obersturmbannführer Max Pauly
Preceded by
SS-Obersturmführer Hermann Florstedt
Commandant of Majdanek concentration camp
1 November 1943 – 5 May 1944
Succeeded by
SS-Obersturmbannführer Arthur Liebehenschel
Preceded by
SS-Hauptsturmführer Eduard Weiter
Commandant of Dachau concentration camp
26 April 1945 – 28 April 1945
Succeeded by
SS-Untersturmführer Johannes Otto