Martin Green (professor)

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Martin Green
Martin Green in 2015
Martin Green in 2015
Martin Andrew Green

(1948-07-20) 20 July 1948 (age 74)
Brisbane, Australia
Alma mater
Scientific career
ThesisProperties and applications of the metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) tunnel diode (1974)
Doctoral advisorJohn Shewchun[2]

Martin Andrew Green AM FRS FAA (born 20 July 1948) is an Australian engineer and professor at the University of New South Wales who works on solar energy.[3][4][5][6][7][8] He was awarded the 2021 Japan Prize for his achievements in the "Development of High-Efficiency Silicon Photovoltaic Devices".[9] He is editor-in-chief of the academic journal Progress in Photovoltaics.[10]


Green was born in Brisbane on 20 July 1948,[11] and was educated at the selective Brisbane State High School, graduated from University of Queensland and completed his PhD on a Commonwealth Scholarship at McMaster University in Canada, where he specialised in solar energy. In 1974, at the University of New South Wales, he initiated the Solar Photovoltaics Group which soon worked on the development of silicon solar cells.[3] The group had their success in the early 80s through producing a 20% efficient silicon cell, which now has been improved to 25%.


Green has published several books on solar cells both for popular science and deep research. The "buried contact solar cell" was developed at UNSW in 1984.[12] Green also served on the Board of the Sydney-based Pacific Solar Pty Ltd (later known as CSG Solar), as Research Director. Green's portrait was painted with fellow scientist Ross Garnaut for the Archibald Prize 2010. The painting was a finalist, losing to a portrait of Tim Minchin.

Awards and honours[edit]

Green has received several awards including:

  • 1982 Pawsey Medal (Australian Academy)
  • 1988 Award for Outstanding Achievement in Energy Research[citation needed]
  • 1990 IEEE Cherry Award
  • 1992 CSIRO External Medal
  • 1995 IEEE Ebers Award
  • 1999 Australia Prize
  • 2000 Gold Medal from the Spanish Engineering Academy[citation needed]
  • 2000 Medal of Engineering Excellence for Distinguished Achievement in the Service of Humanity from the World Engineering Federation (Hannover, 2000),
  • 2000 Millennium Award from the World Renewable Congress
  • 2002 Right Livelihood Award for "his dedication and outstanding success in the harnessing of solar energy, the key technological challenge of our age."[13]
  • 2003 Karl Böer Solar Energy Medal of Merit Award from the University of Delaware
  • 2006 Finalist, European Inventor of the Year (together with Stuart Wenham)
  • 2008 Winner, 2008 Scientist of the Year Award
  • 2009 Zayed Future Energy Prize finalist, recognised at the award ceremony for his ground breaking research in photovoltaic (PV) technology that will result in increased efficiencies, bringing solar energy closer to grid parity.[14]
  • 2013 Fellow of the Royal Society of London

His nomination for the Royal Society reads:

Professor Green is cited for his extensive and distinguished contributions to photovoltaic science and technology. These include identifying the fundamental limits upon silicon solar cell performance and then leading his team to demonstrate experimental devices approaching this limit, with 25% cell efficiency now demonstrated. This is over 50% relatively higher in performance than at the beginning of his work. He has also developed innovative commercial versions of these high performance devices and pioneered the field of "third generation" photovoltaics, investigating advanced photovoltaic device concepts targeting Carnot-like solar conversion efficiencies.[1][dead link]


  1. ^ a b "Martin Green | Royal Society".
  2. ^ Green, M. A.; Shewchun, J. (1974). "Current multiplication in metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) tunnel diodes". Solid-State Electronics. 17 (4): 349. doi:10.1016/0038-1101(74)90127-0.
  3. ^ a b Wolfe, Philip (22 May 2018). The Solar Generation. Wiley - IEEE. pp. 157, 258. ISBN 9781119425588.
  4. ^ Martin Green's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database. (subscription required)
  5. ^ Green, M. A.; Emery, K.; Hishikawa, Y.; Warta, W.; Dunlop, E. D. (2012). "Solar cell efficiency tables (version 39)". Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications. 20: 12–20. doi:10.1002/pip.2163. S2CID 97769917.
  6. ^ Zhao, J.; Wang, A.; Green, M. A.; Ferrazza, F. (1998). "19.8% efficient "honeycomb" textured multicrystalline and 24.4% monocrystalline silicon solar cells". Applied Physics Letters. 73 (14): 1991. doi:10.1063/1.122345.
  7. ^ Pillai, S.; Catchpole, K. R.; Trupke, T.; Green, M. A. (2007). "Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells" (PDF). Journal of Applied Physics. 101 (9): 093105. doi:10.1063/1.2734885. hdl:1885/16942.
  8. ^ Green, M. A.; Emery, K.; Hishikawa, Y.; Warta, W. (2011). "Solar cell efficiency tables (version 37)". Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications. 19: 84–92. doi:10.1002/pip.1088. S2CID 97915368.
  9. ^ "The Japan Prize Foundation".
  10. ^ Progress in Photovoltaics, Editorial Board. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  11. ^ "GREEN, Prof. Martin Andrew". Who's Who 2014, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 2014; online edn, Oxford University Press.(subscription required)
  12. ^[bare URL PDF]
  13. ^ Biography on Right Livelihood Award Archived 31 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 June 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]