Martin Hannett

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Martin Hannett
Martin Hannett. Photo by Kevin Cummins
Martin Hannett. Photo by Kevin Cummins
Background information
Also known asZero, Martin "Zero" Hannett
Born(1948-05-31)31 May 1948
Manchester, England
Died18 April 1991(1991-04-18) (aged 42)
Manchester, England

James Martin Hannett[1] (31 May 1948 – 18 April 1991), initially credited as Martin Zero,[2][3] was an English record producer, musician and an original partner/director at Tony Wilson's Factory Records. Hannett produced albums by artists including Joy Division, the Durutti Column, Magazine, John Cooper Clarke, New Order, Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark and Happy Mondays. His distinctive production style used unorthodox sound recording and technology and has been described as sparse, spatial, and cavernous.[citation needed]

Early life[edit]

Born in Manchester,[4] England, Hannett was raised in a working class, Catholic[5] family in Miles Platting, Manchester;[4] he attended Corpus Christi school[6] and Xaverian College in Rusholme. In 1967,[6] he went to the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST), where he earned a degree in chemistry but chose not to pursue the profession.[5]

Career[edit]

Hannett's uncle was a bass player and gave his nephew a bass guitar when he was 14. Hannett played bass with Spider Mike King and as member in a band called Paradox, in 1973, alongside Paul Young, later of Sad Café and Mike + The Mechanics.[6][2]

Hannett's production work began with the animation film soundtrack All Kinds of Heroes, written by Steve Hopkins (with whom Hannett later worked again). By this time, he also began to mix live sound at pub gigs. Other early production works included Greasy Bear material, Belt & Braces Road Show Band's eponymous album in 1975 and five songs from Pete Farrow's repertoire recorded at Pennine Studios, Oldham, later included on Farrow's compilation album Who Says There's No Beach in Stockport. He attracted more musical attention in 1977, when, as Martin Zero, he produced the first independent punk record,[7] Buzzcocks' Spiral Scratch EP. Under the same moniker he produced early records by punk poet John Cooper Clarke, whose Salford monotone was complemented by drum machines, simple synthesiser motifs and Hannett's bass playing. Jilted John's first single (titled "Jilted John") was Hannett's first hit single.[8]

Hannett became closely associated with Joy Division; his production incorporated looping technology to treat musical notes with an array of filters, echoes and delays. Hannett had a collection of BBD echo devices which he called his "bluetop echo and delay boxes".[citation needed]

The Cargo Recording Studios in Rochdale were used for the recording of Digital, Glass, Atmosphere, Dead Souls and Ice Age. Hannett's unorthodox production methods resulted in drum sounds mixed with synthesisers that were complex and highly distinctive. According to Hannett: "There was a lot of space in [Joy Division's] sound. They were a gift to a producer, because they didn't have a clue. They didn't argue. A Factory Sample was the first thing I did with them. I think I'd had the new AMS delay line for about two weeks. It was called 'Digital'. It was heaven sent."[9]

Hannett produced U2's first international single, "11 O'Clock Tick Tock", which was released in May 1980.[10] He was set to produce their debut album, Boy, but after the suicide of Joy Division singer Ian Curtis, Hannett was too distraught to work and backed out.[11]

A rift developed with Factory and he sued them in 1982 over various financial matters. The dispute was eventually settled out of court; the lawsuit is listed as part of the Factory Records catalogue as FAC61.[1] When Hannett returned to produce the Happy Mondays he worked as a freelance producer and was not reinstated as a Factory director.[citation needed]

Personal life and death[edit]

Susanne O'Hara was Hannett's girlfriend from 1972 until 1984. They lived together from 1975 in Chorlton and Didsbury, in Manchester. O'Hara worked with Hannett at Music Force, a musicians' cooperative in Manchester, until it closed when Hannett's production career began to develop, around 1979.[citation needed]

After Factory, Hannett's career declined due to his heavy use of alcohol and drugs, especially heroin; his weight eventually reached 26 stone (165 kilograms, 364 pounds).[2] Hannett died on 18 April 1991 at the age of 42 in Manchester, as a result of heart failure. He was survived by his wife Wendy, son James and stepdaughter Tania. His headstone at Southern Cemetery, Manchester pays him tribute as the creator of "The Manchester Sound".[12]

Legacy[edit]

A film documentary about Hannett's life was released on DVD on the 23rd anniversary of his death on 10 April 2014. A book was released the same day, Martin Hannett – Pleasures of the Unknown by Chris Hewitt.[13] Another book by Hewitt, Martin Hannett, His Equipment and Strawberry Studios, was published on 26 January 2016 to coincide with the 50th anniversary of Strawberry Recording Studios. Several weeks after his death, Factory Records released "Martin: The Work of Martin Hannett" (FACT325) as a tribute.[14]

Hannett was portrayed by Andy Serkis in the 2002 film 24 Hour Party People, which was based on Tony Wilson's career as the co-founder of Factory Records and The Haçienda nightclub. In the DVD commentary, Wilson notes a review that described Hannett as Serkis' "strangest role" and points out that Serkis is best known for his portrayal of Gollum in Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings trilogy. Wilson concludes that the reviewer's implication is correct, that indeed, Hannett was far stranger than the Lord of the Rings character.[citation needed] Hannett was portrayed by Ben Naylor in Anton Corbijn's film Control (2007).[citation needed]

Selected discography[edit]

Albums produced[edit]

Singles and EPs produced[edit]

Compilations[edit]

  • Martin: The Work of Martin Hannett (Factory Records, 1991)
  • And Here is the Young Man (Debutante, 1998)
  • Zero: A Martin Hannett Story 1977–1991' (Big Beat, 2006)
  • Martin Hannett- Maverick Producer, Genius and Musician 2-CD set ( Ozit Morpheus Records Sept 2011)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "FAC 61 Martin Hannett Lawsuit | Cerysmatic Factory". Cerysmaticfactory.info. Archived from the original on 7 April 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Simmonds, Jeremy (2008). The Encyclopedia of Dead Rock Stars. Chicago Review Press. p. 272. ISBN 978-1-55652-754-8.
  3. ^ "Manchester – Entertainment – In a lonely place". BBC. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Martin Hannett / Biography by James Nice". Ltmrecordings.com. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  5. ^ a b "martin hannett". martin hannett. Archived from the original on 13 September 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  6. ^ a b c "Martin Hannett / Interview with Jon Savage". Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  7. ^ Perry, A. Mojo (95): 90. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ "Martin Hannett biography". Martinhannett.co.uk. Archived from the original on 26 June 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  9. ^ Savage, Jon (May 2006). "Faster, but slower". Mojo.
  10. ^ McGee, Matt (2008). U2: A Diary. London: Omnibus Press. pp. 29–31. ISBN 978-1-84772-108-2.
  11. ^ U2 (2006). McCormick, Neil (ed.). U2 by U2. London: HarperCollins. p. 96. ISBN 0-00-719668-7.
  12. ^ "Martin Hannett, Photograph - 1991". Manchester Digital Music Archive. Retrieved 26 February 2021.
  13. ^ Martin Hannett – Pleasures of the Unknown: Amazon.co.uk: Chris Hewitt: Books. ASIN 0954931246.
  14. ^ "Factory Records: FACT 325 Martin, The Work of Martin Hannett". Blog.factoryrecords.org. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2015.

External links[edit]