|Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of California|
|Assumed office |
December 4, 2020
|Appointed by||Gavin Newsom|
|Preceded by||Ming W. Chin|
|Associate Justice of the California Court of Appeal for the First District|
April 4, 2008 – January 15, 2019
|Appointed by||Arnold Schwarzenegger|
|Preceded by||Joanne C. Parrilli|
|Succeeded by||Teri L. Jackson|
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of California|
November 12, 1997 – April 3, 2008
|Appointed by||Bill Clinton|
|Preceded by||Eugene F. Lynch|
|Succeeded by||Edward M. Chen|
|Judge of the Alameda County Superior Court|
|Appointed by||Pete Wilson|
|Judge of the Alameda County Municipal Court|
|Appointed by||George Deukmejian|
Martin Joseph Jenkins
November 12, 1953
San Francisco, California
|Education||City College of San Francisco (AA)|
Santa Clara University (BA)
University of San Francisco (JD)
Martin Joseph Jenkins (born November 12, 1953) is an American attorney and jurist serving as an associate justice of the Supreme Court of California. He was previously a justice of the California Court of Appeal for the First District, located in San Francisco, and a former United States district judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of California.
Early life and education
Jenkins was born in San Francisco and raised in the neighborhood of Ingleside. He earned an Associate of Arts degree from City College of San Francisco, then graduated from Santa Clara University with a Bachelor of Arts degree. Jenkins played on the Santa Clara Broncos football team at defensive back. After college, Jenkins briefly played professional football for the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League. Jenkins then attended the University of San Francisco School of Law, where he earned his Juris Doctor with honors.
Jenkins was a law clerk in the Alameda County District Attorney's Office, California, from 1980 to 1981, and then a deputy district attorney (prosecutor) in that same office from 1981 to 1983. and for the United States Department of Justice in the Civil Rights Division from 1983 to 1985. In 1985, Jenkins moved back to the Bay Area when his mother became ill, then served as in-house counsel for Pacific Bell for four years. He served as the Judicial Appointments Secretary for California Governor Gavin Newsom from January 14, 2019 to December 4, 2020.
A Democrat, Jenkins was appointed to the Alameda County Municipal Court by Republican Governor George Deukmejian in 1989. In 1992, Republican Governor Pete Wilson appointed him to the Alameda County Superior Court, where he served until 1997.
Jenkins was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. He was nominated by President Bill Clinton on July 24, 1997, to a seat vacated by Eugene F. Lynch. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on November 9, 1997, and received commission on November 12, 1997. His contribution to federal law includes the Jenkins-Laporte Doctrine, which defines the boundary of copyright and contractual rights in the licensing of digital works.
In August 2007, Jenkins asked Republican Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger to consider him for a seat on the California Court of Appeal. On January 25, 2008, Schwarzenegger nominated Jenkins to fill the vacancy on the First District Court of Appeal created by the retirement of Justice Joanne C. Parrilli. Jenkins resigned from the federal bench on April 3 and was confirmed on the state bench on April 4, 2008.
On October 5, 2020, Governor Newsom announced that he would nominate Jenkins to be an associate justice of the Supreme Court of California, replacing Ming Chin, who retired on August 31, 2020. When confirmed, he became the first openly gay justice, the third African American man, and the fifth African American person to serve on the court.
On November 11, 2020, Jenkins was confirmed as an associate justice of the Supreme Court of California. The state's Commission on Judicial Appointments approved his nomination by a 3-0 vote. On December 4, 2020, Jenkins was sworn in as the newest Associate Justice of the California Supreme Court.
In 2022, Jenkins voted with a majority of the California Supreme Court in ordering University of California, Berkeley to cut its enrollment after a local NIMBY group argued that more students in the college town would have an adverse environmental impact.
- List of African-American federal judges
- List of African-American jurists
- List of LGBT jurists in the United States
- List of LGBT state supreme court justices in the United States
- Harris, Bruce (2007-12-13), "Judicial Activism and New Zealand's Appellate Courts", Judicial Activism in Common Law Supreme Courts, Oxford University Press, pp. 273–322, doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213290.003.0007, ISBN 9780199213290
- Harriet Chiang, Wal-Mart judge praised for compassion, diligence Archived 2010-10-23 at the Wayback Machine, San Francisco Chronicle (June 23, 2004).
- Governor Schwarzenegger Appoints Martin Jenkins to First District Court of Appeal Archived 2010-10-08 at the Wayback Machine, Press Release: Office of the Governor (January 28, 2008).
- "Commission Confirms Judge Martin Jenkins as Court of Appeal Justice". Metropolitan News-Enterprise. 2008-04-07. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-04-19.
- McKee, Mike (September 21, 2009). "Martin Jenkins". The Recorder. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
- "Jenkins, Martin J. - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov. Archived from the original on 2020-10-05. Retrieved 2017-05-08.
- Commission Confirms Judge Martin Jenkins as Court of Appeal Justice Archived 2012-02-24 at the Wayback Machine, Metropolitan News-Enterprise (April 7, 2008).
- "Governor Newsom Appoints Judicial Appointments Secretary and Legal Affairs Staff". Governor of California. January 14, 2019. Archived from the original on August 18, 2020. Retrieved October 5, 2020.
- Howard Mintz, Schwarzenegger defies stereotypes, party labels in shaping California judiciary Archived 2012-03-16 at the Wayback Machine, Contra Costa Times (July 24, 2010).
- California Supreme Court Judge Martin Jenkins to receive Stonewall Award, The American Bar Association Commission on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (February 4, 2021).
- Bob Egelko, Federal judge nominated to state appeals court, San Francisco Chronicle (January 26, 2008).
- Egelko, Bob (October 5, 2020). "Newsom nominates Martin Jenkins to California Supreme Court, where he would be first openly gay justice". San Francisco Chronicle.
- Egelko, Bob (November 11, 2020). "California confirms first openly gay state Supreme Court justice — Martin Jenkins". San Francisco Chronicle.
- "Governor Newsom Swears in Justice Martin Jenkins to the California Supreme Court" (Press release). Sacramento, California. Governor of California. 2020-12-04. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
- Asimov, Nanette; Egelko, Bob (2022). "UC Berkeley must withhold thousands of acceptance letters after state Supreme Court ruling". San Francisco Chronicle.
- "State Supreme Court - Statewide Results". electionresults.sos.ca.gov. November 11, 2022. Archived from the original on November 12, 2022. Retrieved November 29, 2022.
- Anonymous (2022-01-11). "Black Catholics in Conversation: Martin Jenkins and Timothy Alan Simon on Faith, Community, and Justice". University of San Francisco. Retrieved 2022-02-05.
- Lyons, Byrhonda (5 October 2020). "Newsom's Supreme Court pick confirmed as state's first openly gay justice". Calmatters.