Martin Jensen Linge
Kaptein Martin Linge
|Born||11 December 1894|
Linge Farm in Norddal, Sunnmøre, Norway
|Died||27 December 1941 (aged 47)|
Måløy on South Vågsøy in
Sogn og Fjordane, Norway
|Years of service||1940 - 1941|
|Unit||Royal Norwegian Army|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards|| War Cross with sword|
Distinguished Service Cross
|Other work||Pioneer aviator, actor, sailor|
Martin Jensen Linge, DSC (11 December 1894 – 27 December 1941) was a Norwegian actor who, in World War II, became the commander of the Norwegian Independent Company 1 (NOR.I.C.1) (pronounced as Norisen by the Norwegians), formed in March 1941 for operations on behalf of the Special Operations Executive.
Martin Linge was born in Norddal, Møre og Romsdal County, Norway. In 1915 he graduated as a non-commissioned officer from the military school in Trondheim. He subsequently studied at the Trondheim Theatre (1917–1918). He debuted on the stage at the Central Theatre in Oslo in 1921 and appeared in both theatre and films during the 1920s and 1930s.
Martin Linge was father of Jan Herman Linge, an engineer and boat designer. He was also the grandfather of Norwegian novelist Espen Haavardsholm, who wrote about his grandfather in Martin Linge – min morfar. Familieroman med fotografier (Gyldendal norsk forlag. 1993).
Shortly after the German attack on Norway on 9 April 1940 he traveled to Åndalsnes to join his regiment. He had previously attained the rank of Lieutenant (in the reserve forces), and was also one of the first Norwegians to obtain license as a pilot. When British troops landed at Åndalsnes from 17 April, Linge became liaison officer between the local regiment and the British. Åndalsnes (and other towns in Møre og Romsdal county) was at this time still unoccupied territory and the only port with railway connections to the East Norway and the campaign there. The King, the crown prince, the cabinet, Norway's gold and cash holdings, and finally general Otto Ruge with staff, escaped through Åndalsnes. Trygve Lie in his memoirs recalls meeting Linge at Åndalsnes. During German air bombing of a makeshift airfield at Setnesmoen, he was wounded and evacuated by boat to Britain. He was the first wounded Norwegian soldier to arrive in Britain.
Among exiled Norwegians, Linge along with Nordahl Grieg and Olav Rytter were the first to propose ideas for resistance against the German occupation. "Our land is perfect for secret resistance and guerrilla warfare" he declared in June 1940. In August 1940 he was appointed as liaison officer to the War Office and soon began recruiting men and organizing what became Norwegian Independent Company 1.
Linge was killed during Operation Archery, a British Combined Operations raid at Måløy against German military positions on Vågsøy Island. During the Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany, Måløy was used as a German coastal fortress, which had led to the eradication of all settlement on the island to make room for the fortress. His body is buried at the Vestre gravlund (Western Cemetery) in Oslo.
Subsequently the unit he had led was named Kompani Linge in his honor. Linge Company was more formally as Lingekompaniet (The Linge Company) ('-et' being the definite article suffix), by Norwegians. He was awarded Norway's highest military decoration for gallantry, the War Cross with sword.
- 1939 - Gjest Baardsen – Fisherman
- 1938 - Bør Børson Jr. – Nils Bækken
- 1938 - Det drønner gjennom dalen – Policeman (Lensmannsbetjent)
- 1935 - Samhold må til – Warden
- 1926 - Vägarnas kung – Ola, a farm boy
Martin Linge and his life is uniquely portrayed in the 1 hour documentary [[“Marin Linge - skuespiller og legende”]] (“Martin Linge - actor and legend”), published at NRK1 “Fakta på Lørdag” 8th of May 2004. produced by XpoMedia and Forsvarets Mediesenter(armed forces media center), directed by Mary Ann Myrvang and Runar Skjong,based on the idea, research and script by Mary Ann Myrvang. Martin Linge is portrayed by the Norwegian actor Petter Næss in the 2008-movie Max Manus.
- Statue in the Linge park in Måløy
- Crown prince Olav unveiled a memorial stone and plaque at Linge farm in Norddal, 17 June 1946.
- Oil Field in North sea named after him in honour. Field was previously named Hild.
Streets named in his honour
- Kaptein Linges vei, Ålesund
- Kaptein Linges vei, Stavanger
- Martin Linges vei, Snarøya
- Martin Linges vei, Oslo
- Martin Linges vei, Strømmen
- Martin Linges veg, Moss
- Martin Linges veg, Heimdal
- "Martin Linge – Norsk biografisk leksikon". Nbl.snl.no. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
- "Martin Jensen Linge – Store norske leksikon". Snl.no. 2012-12-13. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
- "Martin Linge - Sogn og Fjordane" (in Norwegian Nynorsk). Nrk.no. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
- "Martin Linge – Norsk biografisk leksikon". Snl.no. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
- Haavardsholm, Espen: Martin Linge – min morfar. Familieroman med fotografier. Oktober forlag, 2007
- "OPERATION ARCHERY - VAAGSO - 27TH DEC 1941". Combinedops.com. 1941-12-27. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
- "Kompani Linge". Dokkeveien.uib.no. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
- Furseth, Astor (1987): Norddal i 150 år 1837-1987. Valldal: Norddal kommune.
- "Logg på EPiServer CMS 6". Npd.no. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
- Ford, Ken (2011) Operation Archery - The Commandos and the Vaagso Raid 1942 (Osprey Publishing) ISBN 978-1-84908-372-0
- Devins, Joseph H., Jr. (1983) The Vaagso Raid (Bantam Books) ISBN 978-0-553-23310-0