Martin Humphrey Moynihan (5 February 1928 – 3 December 1996) was a behavioral evolutionary biologist and ornithologist who studied under Ernst Mayr and Niko Tinbergen, and was a contemporary of Desmond Morris. He was the founding director of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) in Panama.
His early research was mainly on seagulls. Later work included the octopus, and Terence McKenna quotes Moynihan in his book Food of the Gods as saying, with respect to the octopus' ability to change its body's shape, texture and color, "Like the octopi, our destiny is to become what we think, to have our thoughts become our bodies and our bodies become our thoughts."
He was married to Olga F. Linares, a Panamanian-American anthropologist and STRI senior research scientist.
- Princeton University (2 April 1997). "[Memorial:] Martin Humphrey Moynihan '48" (online republication). Princeton Alumni Weekly. Princeton NJ: Trustees for Princeton University. 97 (13): np. ISSN 0149-9270. OCLC 2436114. Retrieved 2009-10-09.
- Smith, Neal Griffith (July 1998). "In Memoriam: Martin Humphrey Moynihan, 1926–1996" (PDF). The Auk. 115 (3): 755–758 (755). doi:10.2307/4089423.
- Terence K. McKenna (1992). Food of the gods: the search for the original tree of knowledge : a radical history of plants, drugs, and human evolution. Bantam Books. p. 251.
- Leigh, Egbert Giles (1999). Tropical Forest Ecology : A View from Barro Colorado Island. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509602-9. OCLC 36768102.
- Royte, Elizabeth (2001). The Tapir's Morning Bath: Mysteries of the Tropical Rain Forest and the Scientists Who are Trying to Solve Them (1st Mariner Books ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-97997-8. OCLC 46884151.
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