Martin Newell (computer scientist)

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Martin Edward Newell
Nationality English
American
Alma mater University of Utah
Known for Utah Teapot[1]
Newell's algorithm
Awards Elected member of the National Academy of Engineering
Website academic.research.microsoft.com/Author/478161
Scientific career
Institutions CADCentre
University of Utah
Xerox PARC
Ashlar
Adobe
Thesis The Utilization of Procedure Models in Digital Image Synthesis (1975)

Martin Edward Newell is a British-born computer scientist specializing in computer graphics who is perhaps best known as the creator of the Utah teapot computer model.

Career[edit]

Before emigrating to the USA, he worked at what was then the Computer-Aided Design Centre (CADCentre) in Cambridge, UK,[2] along with his brother Dr. Richard (Dick) Newell (who went on to co-found two of the most important UK graphics software companies - Cambridge Interactive Systems (CIS) in 1977 and Smallworld in 1987). At CADCentre, the two Newells and Tom Sancha developed Newell's algorithm, a technique for eliminating cyclic dependencies when ordering polygons to be drawn by a computer graphics system.[3][4][5]

The Utah teapot, a model by Martin Newell (1975).

Newell developed the Utah teapot while working on a Ph.D. at the University of Utah,[1][6] where he also helped develop a version of the painter's algorithm for rendering. He graduated in 1975, and was on the Utah faculty from 1977 to 1979.[7] Later he worked at Xerox PARC, where he worked on JaM, a predecessor of PostScript. JaM stood for "John and Martin" - the John was John Warnock, co-founder of Adobe Systems.[8]

He founded the computer-aided design software company Ashlar in 1988.[7] In 2007 Martin Newell was elected to the National Academy of Engineering.[9] He recently retired as an Adobe Fellow at Adobe Systems.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Torrence, A. (2006). "Martin Newell's original teapot". ACM SIGGRAPH 2006 Teapot on - SIGGRAPH '06. p. 29. ISBN 1595933646. doi:10.1145/1180098.1180128. 
  2. ^ van Dam, Andries (1998), "Some Personal Recollections on Graphics Standards", SIGGRAPH Computer Graphics Newsletter, 32 (1) .
  3. ^ Sutherland, E. E.; Sproull, R. F.; Schumacker, R. A. (1974). "A Characterization of Ten Hidden-Surface Algorithms". ACM Computing Surveys. 6: 1. doi:10.1145/356625.356626. 
  4. ^ Newell, M. E.; Newell, R. G.; Sancha, T. L. (1972). "A solution to the hidden surface problem". Proceedings of the ACM annual conference on - ACM'72. 1. p. 443. doi:10.1145/800193.569954. 
  5. ^ List of publications from Microsoft Academic Search
  6. ^ Newell, Martin (1975). The Utilization of Procedure Models in Digital Image Synthesis (PhD thesis). University of Utah. 
  7. ^ a b History of the University of Utah School of Computing, retrieved 2010-01-26.
  8. ^ Adobe Co-founder John Warnock on the Competitive Advantages of Aesthetics and the 'Right' Technology, Knowledge@Wharton, The Wharton School, January 20, 2010.
  9. ^ Dr. Martin E. Newell in the NAE Members Directory, retrieved 2014-06-27.