Martin Olav Sabo
|Martin Olav Sabo|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Minnesota's 5th district
January 3, 1979 – January 3, 2007
|Preceded by||Donald M. Fraser|
|Succeeded by||Keith Ellison|
|45th Speaker of the Minnesota House of Representatives|
|Preceded by||A.W. Dirlam|
|Succeeded by||Rod Searle|
|Member of the Minnesota House of Representatives|
February 28, 1938|
Crosby, North Dakota, U.S.
|Died||March 13, 2016
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.
|Political party||Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party|
|Spouse(s)||Sylvia Ann Lee|
|Residence||Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.|
|Alma mater||Augsburg College|
Martin Olav Sabo (February 28, 1938 – March 13, 2016) was an American politician and member of the Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (DFL) and a United States Representative for Minnesota's fifth district, which includes Minneapolis; the district is one of eight congressional districts in Minnesota.
Life and career
Sabo was born in Crosby, North Dakota, of Norwegian immigrant parents. He received a B.A. from Augsburg College in Minneapolis in 1959, later pursuing graduate studies at the University of Minnesota. He was elected to the Minnesota House of Representatives in 1960 at the age of 22, later serving as minority leader (1969–72) and as the first Democrat to serve as house speaker (1973–78). During his tenure in the state house he served terms as president of the National Conference of State Legislatures and of the National Legislative Conference, and was a presidential appointee to the National Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.
When eight-term incumbent and fellow DFLer Donald M. Fraser stepped down to run for the U.S. Senate, Sabo became the DFL candidate to succeed him in what had become the most reliably Democratic district in Minnesota (Fraser had defeated a 10-term Republican in 1962 and hadn't faced serious opposition since). He won easily in November 1978 and was reelected thirteen times without serious opposition, serving in the 96th, 97th, 98th, 99th, 100th, 101st, 102nd, 103rd, 104th, 105th, 106th, 107th, 108th and 109th congresses.
During the 103rd Congress (1993–94) he chaired the House Budget Committee. As chairman of the Committee, he shepherded the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 through the House, legislation that allowed the United States to erase its budget deficit by 1999. (The deficit subsequently returned.) In the 109th United States Congress he sat on the House Appropriations Committee, and was the ranking member of that committee's Homeland Security subcommittee.
A Lutheran, Sabo was married and had two children and six grandchildren. His daughter, Julie Sabo, is a former member of the Minnesota Senate and was the 2002 DFL nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota. Sabo was inducted into the Scandinavian-American Hall of Fame in 1994. During the course of his career Sabo referred to himself as a "liberal decentrist", preferring progressive politics, but local control instead of federal control.
Sabo was considered to be the most liberal member of the Minnesota delegation in the 109th Congress, scoring 4% conservative by a conservative group and 90% progressive by a liberal group. Minnesota Congressional Districts shows the scores for the entire delegation.
On March 18, 2006 he announced that he would not run for reelection for the 110th Congress, ending 46 years as an elected official, including 28 years in Congress – the second-longest tenure in either house of Congress in the state's history, behind only fellow Democrat Jim Oberstar. He endorsed his longtime chief of staff, Mike Erlandson, in the DFL primary—the real contest in this district. Erlandson lost to State Representative Keith Ellison, also a progressive DFLer, who won the general election and succeeded Sabo on January 4, 2007.
Sabo served as a co-chair of the National Transportation Policy Project at the Bipartisan Policy Center. For his work on acquiring funding for transportation projects and specifically pedestrian and bicycling funding, the Midtown Greenway bridge in Minneapolis was named the Martin Olav Sabo Bridge.
Sabo was a lifelong smoker until he quit in 2003.
Death and legacy
- 2004 Race for U.S. House of Representatives – 5th District
- Martin Olav Sabo (DFL) (inc.), 70%
- Daniel Mathias (R), 24%
- Jay Pond (G), 6%
- Minnesota Legislators Past and Present: Martin Olav Sabo
- "During the Clinton administration was the federal budget balanced? Was the federal deficit erased? Yes to Both Questions.". FactCheck.org.
- "Longtime Minnesota Rep. Sabo to Announce Retirement". Fox News. March 18, 2006.
- "Congressional Voting Scorecard 2005" (PDF). SBE Council’s Congressional Voting Scorecard 2005. Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council. June 2006. Retrieved November 2, 2006.
- "Leading with the Left". Progressive Punch. Retrieved November 2, 2006.
-  "National Transportation Policy Project"
- "Martin Olav Sabo, longtime Minnesota representative, has died – Twin Cities". Retrieved 2016-03-13.
- Martin Sabo, Minnesota Congressman Known for Compassion in Era of Partisanship, Dies at 78
- Walsh, Paul. "Martin Sabo, longtime DFL congressman and politician, dies". StarTribune.com. Star Tribune. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
- United States Congress. "Martin Olav Sabo (id: S000005)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Martin Sabo legislative and congressional papers are available for research at the Minnesota Historical Society
|United States House of Representatives|
Donald M. Fraser
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Minnesota's 5th congressional district
|Chairman of the House Budget Committee
|Speaker of the Minnesota House of Representatives
Rodney N. Searle