Martín Perfecto de Cos

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Martín Perfecto de Cos
Martin perfecto de cos.jpg
Martiny
Personal details
Born 1800
Veracruz, Veracruz, New Spain
Died 1854
Minatitlán, Veracruz
Nationality Mexican
Profession Military General

Martín Perfecto de Cos (1800 – 1854)[1] was a 19th-century Mexican general. He was born in Veracruz, the son of an attorney.[2] He became an army cadet at the age of 20.[3] He was married to Lucinda López de Santa Anna, sister of Antonio López de Santa Anna. He died in Minatitlán, Vera Cruz, on October 1, 1854, while serving as commandant general and political chief of the Tehuantepec territory.[4]

Military career[edit]

Texas Revolution (1835–1836)[edit]

La Villita, San Antonio

Cos was appointed commander of military forces in Texas in July 1835 and was sent there to disarm any rebellious citizens. He arrived in Texas on September 21, 1835 with 300 soldiers. Cos proceeded to the town of Goliad on October 1, then moved on to San Antonio de Béxar. Cos ordered the arrest of rebel leaders. Once he was in San Antonio (Siege of Béxar), Cos was assailed by Texan forces under the leadership of Stephen F. Austin. The town was put under siege by the Texan army. After a 56-day siege of the town and Alamo mission, on December 9, Cos surrendered the town of San Antonio and weapons to the Texans[5] then proceeded to leave Texas. Cos and his men were allowed their muskets for protection and one four-pound cannon. Mexican losses during the siege were about 150. On his way south, Cos met up with Santa Anna's forces at Laredo marching north to put down the rebellion.[6]

Cos returned to San Antonio and led a column of 300 soldiers against the northwest corner of the Alamo on March 6, 1836. Eventually Cos' soldiers overran the Alamo's north wall.

On April 21, 1836, Cos arrived with over five hundred reinforcements for Santa Anna shortly before the Battle of San Jacinto. That afternoon Texan forces led by General Sam Houston defeated General Santa Anna's army in a decisive victory in a battle which lasted only nineteen minutes. Cos was taken prisoner as was Santa Anna the next day and surrendered his army and eventually all claim to Texas.

Mexican-American War (1846–1848)[edit]

After san Jacinto, Cos remained in the Mexican Army and was given command of an army outpost in Tuxpan where he served until his death in 1854.

Film depiction[edit]

Among the depictions of Cos on film is that of the Mexico City-born actor Rodolfo Hoyos, Jr., in the 1956 picture, The First Texan, about the rise of Sam Houston in Texas. In the film, Cos orders the arrest of William B. Travis and directed his Mexican soldiers to scale successfully the walls of The Alamo.[7]

In the 2004 film, The Alamo, Fransisco Philibert depicts General de Cos.

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fco76 (accessed February 10, 2016)
  2. ^ http://www.sanjacinto-museum.org/The_Battle/Commanders/Cos/#Pane2 (accessed June 20, 2015)
  3. ^ http://www.sanjacinto-museum.org/The_Battle/Commanders/Cos/#Pane2 (accessed June 20, 2015)
  4. ^ https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fco76 (accessed June 15, 2015)
  5. ^ https://www.tsl.texas.gov/treasures/republic/bexar/cos1.html (accessed June 20, 2015)
  6. ^ Claudia Hazlewood, "COS, MARTIN PERFECTO DE," Handbook of Texas Online [1], accessed January 23, 2012. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  7. ^ "The First Texan". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved February 12, 2014. 
  • Davis, William C.; Lone Star Rising-The Revolutionary Birth of the Texas Republic; Free Press; ISBN 0-684-86510-6
  • Roberts, Randy & Olson, James S.; A Line in the Sand-The Alamo in Blood and Memory; Simon & Schuster; ISBN 0-7432-1233-9

External links[edit]