Martin Ravallion

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Martin Ravallion
Martin Ravallion (2016).jpg
Martin Ravallion (2016)
Born (1952-03-19) 19 March 1952 (age 67)
InstitutionGeorgetown University
FieldDevelopment economics
Alma materLondon School of Economics
Information at IDEAS / RePEc

Martin Ravallion (born 19 March 1952),[1] is an Australian economist. As of 2013 he was the inaugural Edmond D. Villani Professor of Economics at Georgetown University,[2] and previously had been director of the research department at the World Bank.[3] He holds a PhD in Economics from the London School of Economics.[4]

Ravallion has researched extensively on poverty in developing countries and on policies for fighting poverty. In 1990 he proposed what has come to be known as the "$1 a day" poverty line,[5] and since then he and his colleagues at the Bank monitored progress against global poverty by this and other measures.[6] A paper he wrote in 2012 became the basis of the World Bank, and subsequently United Nations, development goal of eliminating extreme poverty in the world by 2030.[7] He has advised numerous governments and international agencies and written five books and 250 papers in scholarly journals and edited volumes.

His book "The Economics of Poverty: History, Measurement, and Policy" was published by Oxford University Press in January 2016. Based on publications and citations, Ravallion is regularly ranked in the top 10 development economists in the world,[8] and in the top 100 economists in all fields.[9]

He is a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, a Senior Fellow of the Bureau for Research in Economic Analysis of Development, a Non-Resident Fellow of the Center for Global Development and Ex-President of the Society for the Study of Economic Inequality. In 2011 he received the John Kenneth Galbraith Award from the American Agricultural and Applied Economics Association. He won the 2015 BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Development Cooperation for his groundbreaking work on defining the extreme poverty threshold with internationally applicable standards that facilitate the establishment of specific development cooperation goals. In 2018 he was awarded an Honorary Doctorate in Economics from the University of Fribourg, Switzerland.

Selected bibliography[edit]


  • Ravallion, Martin (1987). Markets and Famines. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198287275.
  • Ravallion, Martin (1994). Poverty Comparisons. Chur, Switzerland Langhorne, Pennsylvania: Harwood Academic Publishers. ISBN 9783718654024.
  • Ravallion, Martin; van de Walle, Dominique (2008). Land in transition: Reform and poverty in rural Vietnam. Washington D.C.: World Bank. ISBN 9780821372746.
  • Ravallion, Martin; van de Walle, Dominique; Murgai, Rinku; Dutta, Puja (2014). Right to Work? Assessing India’s Employment Guarantee Scheme in Bihar. Washington D.C.: World Bank. ISBN 9781464801303.
  • Ravallion, Martin (2016). Economics of poverty: History, measurement and policy. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780190212766.

Chapters in books[edit]

  • Ravallion, Martin (2008), "Evaluating Antipoverty Policies.", in Schultz, Paul; Strauss, John (eds.), Handbook of Development Economics Volume 4, North-Holland
  • Ravallion, Martin (2009), "On the welfarist rationale for relative poverty lines", in Kanbur, Ravi; Basu, Kaushik (eds.), Arguments for a better world: essays in honor of Amartya Sen | Volume I: Ethics, welfare, and measurement, Oxford New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 375–396, ISBN 9780199239115
  • Ravallion, Martin (2010), "Poverty and Inequality: The Global Context.", in Salverda, Wiemer; Nolan, Brian; Smeeding, Timothy (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Inequality, Oxford University Press
  • Ravallion, Martin (2013), "Poverty Lines across the World.", in Jefferson, Philip N. (ed.), Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Poverty, Oxford University Press
  • Ravallion, Martin (2014), "Poor or Just Feeling Poor? On Using Subjective Data in Measuring Poverty.", in Clark, Andrew; Senik, Claudia (eds.), Happiness and Economic Growth, Oxford University Press
  • Ravallion, Martin (2017), "Poverty is Good for Development", in Frey, Bruno; Iselin, David (eds.), Economic Ideas you should Forget, Springer


  1. ^ "Ravallion, Martin". Library of Congress. Retrieved 3 October 2014. (Martin Ravallion) data sheet (b. 3-19-52)
  2. ^ blogs.worldbank.orh: Martin Ravallion
  3. ^ "Shs35 billion Gates fund for agriculture". Daily Monitor. 3 December 2009. Retrieved 8 December 2009.[dead link]
  4. ^ Vox:Martin Ravallion
  5. ^ Devichand, Mukul (2 December 2007). "When a dollar a day means 25 cents". BBC News. Retrieved 8 December 2009.
  6. ^ Das, Gurcharan (14 November 2009). "At last, good news about poverty". The Times of India. Retrieved 8 December 2009.
  7. ^ Ravallion, Martin (2012). "How long will it take to lift one billion people out of poverty?".
  8. ^ Zimmermann, Christian. "Top 10% Institutions and Economists in the Field of Development, as of November 2016". Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  9. ^ Zimmermann, Christian. "Top 10% Authors, as of November 2016". Retrieved 20 December 2016.

External links[edit]