|Born||March 20, 1923
Harlem, New York
|Died||August 12, 2015 (aged 92)|
|Known for||Activism, being falsely imprisoned|
Martin Ramirez Sostre (March 20, 1923 – August 12, 2015) was an American activist known for his role in the prisoners' rights movement.
He served time in Attica prison during the early 1960s, where he embraced doctrines as diverse as Black Muslimism, Black nationalism, Internationalism, and finally anarchism. In 1966 Sostre opened the first Afro-Asian Bookstore at 1412 Jefferson in Buffalo, New York. For its somewhat short existence, Sostre's bookstore was a center for radical thought and education in the Buffalo ghetto. As Sostre details:
I taught continually - giving out pamphlets free to those who had no money. I let them sit and read for hours in the store. Some would come back every day and read the same book until they finished it. This was the opportunity I had dreamed about - to be able to help my people by increasing the political awareness of the youth.
Sostre was arrested at his bookstore on July 14, 1967 for "narcotics, riot, arson, and assault" (charges later proven to be fabricated, part of a COINTELPRO program). He was convicted and sentenced to serve forty-one years and thirty days. Sostre became a jailhouse lawyer, regularly acting as legal counsel to other inmates and winning two landmark legal cases involving prisoner rights: Sostre v. Rockefeller and Sostre v. Otis. According to Sostre, these decisions constituted "a resounding defeat for the establishment who will now find it exceedingly difficult to torture with impunity the thousands of captive black (and white) political prisoners illegally held in their concentration camps."
In earlier legal activity, Sostre secured religious rights for Black Muslim prisoners and also eliminated (in the words of Federal Judge Constance Motley) some of the more "outrageously inhuman aspects of solitary confinement in some of the state prisons."
In December 1973 Amnesty International put Sostre on its "prisoner of conscience" list, stating: "We became convinced that Martin Sostre has been the victim of an international miscarriage of justice because of his political beliefs . . . not for his crimes ."  In addition to numerous defense committees in New York State, a Committee to Free Martin Sostre, made up of prominent citizens, joined in an effort to publicize Sostre's case and petition the New York Governor Hugh Carey for his release. On December 7, 1975, Russian Nobel Peace Laureate Andrei Sakharov added his name to the clemency appeal. Governor Carey granted Sostre clemency on Christmas Eve of 1975;  Sostre was released from prison in February of 1976.
Lorenzo Kom'boa Ervin attributes his initial interest in anarchism to Sostre.
In 1974 Pacific Street Films debuted a documentary film on Sostre called Frame-up! The Imprisonment of Martin Sostre. It detailed Sostre's case with extensive interviews from prison.
References and sources
- HUAC There were three, according to Police Commissioner Frank Felicetta
- Frame Up, at 10:30. The first was at 1412 and a half Jefferson Ave. A second was at 289 High
- The Alternative Community in Buffalo, 1965-76 B. Martin Sostre Bookseller Turned Black Revolutionary (1967). The Buffalonian, 2001. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
- Powell, Elwin. "B. Martin Sostre Bookseller Turned Black Revolutionary (1967)". The Alternative Community in Buffalo, 1965-76. The Buffalonian. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
- Churchill, Ward; Wall, Jim Vander (2002). Agents of Repression: The FBI's Secret Wars Against the Black Panther Party and the American Indian Movement. South End Press. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-89608-646-3.
- Gross, Gerald J. (March 23, 1972). "Letter to the Editor: The Case of Martin Sostre". The New York Review of Books. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- Schaich, Warren L. (March 1977). "The Prison Letters of Martin Sostre: Documents of Resistance" (PDF). Journal of Black Studies. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
- "How One Inmate Changed The Prison System From The Inside". NPR.org. Retrieved 2017-04-15.
- The Crime of Martin Sostre by Vincent Copeland, McGraw-Hill; 1st edition (1970)
- "Iron of Martin Sostre" by Tom Wicker, New York Times Archives, Dec 8, 1974 http://www.nytimes.com/1974/12/08/archives/irony-of-martin-sostre-in-the-nation.html
- Malcolm McLaughlin (2014): Storefront revolutionary: Martin Sostre’s Afro-Asian Bookshop, black liberation culture, and the New Left, 1964–75, The Sixties: A Journal of History, Politics and Culture, DOI: 10.1080/17541328.2014.930265 ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17541328.2014.930265
- The Prison Letters of Martin Sostre:Documents of Resistance Warren L .Schaich, Diane S.Hope Journal of Black Studies, Volume 7, Issue 3 (Mar.,1977), 281-300. http://www.freedomarchives.org/Documents/Finder/Black%20Liberation%20Disk/Black%20Power!/SugahData/Essays/Schaich.S.pdf
- Martin Sostre And The Fight Against Solitary Confinement MAY 16, 2016 BY GARRETT FELBER http://www.aaihs.org/martin-sostre-and-the-fight-against-solitary-confinement/