Martin XB-33 Super Marauder
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|XB-33 Super Marauder|
|National origin||United States|
|Manufacturer||Glenn L. Martin Company|
|Status||Cancelled 25 November 1942|
|Primary user||United States Army Air Forces|
|Developed from||B-26 Marauder|
The Martin B-33 was a World War II American bomber aircraft. It was designed by the Glenn L. Martin Company as the Martin Model 190 and was a high-altitude derivative of the company's B-26 Marauder. Two different designs were developed, first as a twin-engined aircraft and then as a four-engined aircraft. The four-engined version was ordered by the United States Army Air Forces, but the program was cancelled before any aircraft were built.
Design and development
The first version of the B-33 design, the XB-33, was a twin-tailed medium bomber with two Wright R-3350 engines and pressurised crew compartments; its design began in 1940. It would carry around 4,000 lb (1,814 kg) of bombs. Soon after design of the XB-33 began it became clear that a twin-engined aircraft would not achieve the performance requested by the army. The company moved on to developing a larger four-engined design, but the two prototypes ordered by the USAAF were not built.
Following the abandonment of the original twin-engined design, the company continued to design a larger four-engined aircraft, and two prototypes were ordered by the USAAF as the XB-33A; its bombload was to have been 12,000 lb (5,443 kg), as much as that of the B-24 Liberator, the heaviest US bomber flown in combat prior to the B-29.
The original XB-33 design was to have been powered by the R-3350, the redesigned XB-33A was to have used Wright R-2600 engines. The main reason for this was the demand for R-3350s for the B-29, one of the most highly valued projects of the Army Air Forces.
On January 17, 1942, the USAAF placed an order for 400 B-33As, to be built at the government-owned plant in Omaha, Nebraska, operated by Martin. On November 25, 1942, the project was cancelled to allow the Omaha plant to concentrate on manufacturing B-29s.
- Prototype medium bomber powered by two 1,800 hp (1,343 kW) R-3350 engines, two cancelled.
- Prototype medium bomber powered by four 1,800 hp (1,343 kW) R-2600-15 engines, two cancelled.
- B-33A Super Marauder
- Production variant of XB-33A, 400 on order cancelled.
Specifications (B-33A, as designed)
- Crew: seven
- Length: 79 ft 10 in (24.3 m)
- Wingspan: 134 ft (40.8 m)
- Height: 24 ft (7.32 m)
- Wing area: 1,646 ft² (153 m²)
- Empty weight: 85,000 lb (39,000 kg)
- Loaded weight: 95,000 lb (43,000 kg)
- Powerplant: 4 × Wright R-2600-15 radial engines, 1,800 hp (1,300 kW) each
- Maximum speed: 345 mph (300 kn, 555 km/h)
- Cruise speed: 242 mph (210 kn, 389 km/h)
- Range: 2,000 mi (1,700 nmi, 3,000 km)
- Service ceiling: 39,000 ft (12,000 m)
- Rate of climb: ft/min (m/s)
- Wing loading: 58 lb/ft² (280 kg/m²)
- Power/mass: 0.076 hp/lb (55 W/kg)
- Guns: 8× .50 in (12.7 mm) machine guns
- Bombs: 10,000 lb (4,500 kg)
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- Andrade 1979, p 51