Martin ministry (1870–72)

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Third Martin ministry
13th cabinet of the Colony of New South Wales
Justice James Martin.jpg Australian states history 13.gif
Premier Sir James Martin and the Colony of New South Wales (1863–1900)
Date formed 16 December 1870 (1870-12-16)
Date dissolved 13 May 1872 (1872-05-13)
People and organisations
Head of government Sir James Martin
Head of state Queen Victoria (represented by The Earl Belmore)
No. of ministers 7
Member party unaligned
Status in legislature Minority government
Opposition party unaligned
Opposition leader
History
Predecessor Fifth Cowper ministry
Successor First Parkes ministry

The third Martin ministry was the thirteenth ministry of the Colony of New South Wales, and the third and final occasion of being led by the Honourable Sir James Martin, KCB, QC.

Martin was elected in the first free elections for the New South Wales Legislative Assembly held in 1856. He came to power as Premier on the first occasion after Charles Cowper's government fell in October 1863.[1] Martin was asked to form government on the second occasion, this time in coalition with his former rival, Henry Parkes, after Cowper again lost the conifidence of the Assembly in December 1865.[1] Martin came to power on this occasion, after Cowper again lost confidence of the Assembly.

The title of Premier was widely used to refer to the Leader of Government, but not enshrined in formal use until 1920.

There was no party system in New South Wales politics until 1887. Under the constitution, ministers were required to resign to recontest their seats in a by-election when appointed. These by-elections are only noted when the minister was defeated; in general, he was elected unopposed.

This ministry covers the period from 16 December 1870 until 13 May 1872, when Martin retired.[2] Upon retirement from politics, he was appointed as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New South Wales.[1]

Composition of ministry[edit]

Portfolio Minister Term start Term end Term length
Premier
Attorney-General
Hon. Sir James Martin KCB MLA 16 December 1870 13 May 1872 1 year, 149 days
Colonial Secretary Hon. John Robertson MLA
Colonial Treasurer Hon. George Lord MLA
Secretary for Lands Hon. John Wilson MLA
Secretary for Public Works Hon. James Byrnes MLA
Solicitor-General Hon. William Windeyer MLA
Postmaster-General
Representative of the Government in Legislative Council
Hon. Joseph Docker MLC

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Serle, Percival. "Martin, James (1820-1886)". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Project Gutenberg Australia. Retrieved 2007-02-18. 
  2. ^ "Former Members - Chronological List of Ministries 1856 to 2009 (requires download)" (Excel spreadsheet). Project for the Sesquicentenary of Responsible Government in NSW. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 2010-01-02. 
Preceded by
Fifth Cowper ministry
Third Martin ministry
1870–1872
Succeeded by
First Parker ministry