Martinican Independence Movement
|Martinican Independence Movement|
|Founded||July 1, 1978|
|Newspaper||La Parole au Peuple|
|Ideology||Martinican nationalism, decolonization, independence|
|Official site of the Martinican Independence Movement|
The Martinican Independence Movement or MIM (French: Mouvement Indépendantiste Martiniquais; Martinican Creole: Mouvman endépandantis matinitjé) is a left-wing political party in the overseas department of Martinique, founded July 1, 1978 by Alfred Marie-Jeanne with the aim of securing "the decolonization and independence of Martinique". Its secretary is the deputy and president of the Regional Council of Martinique. It has one seat in the French National Assembly.
In 1973, Alfred Marie-Jeanne, along with Garcin Malsa, Lucien Veilleur, and Marc Pulvar (father of Audrey Pulvar), founded an organization called "La Parole au Peuple" (Word of the People), which in 1978 became the Martinican Independence Movement.
Up until the 1990s, MIM had only limited success at the polls. Marie-Jeanne was elected to the General Council but was not re-elected. In 1983, when the first direct election for the newly established Regional Council was held, the party received only 3 percent of the votes, and in 1989 lost one of their two mayors.
The MIM is, following the French regional elections of 2004, the majority party in the regional council. Its elected representatives are Alfred Marie-Jeanne, Daniel Marie-Sainte, Lucien Veilleur, Vincent Duville, Lucien Adenet, Jean-Philippe Nilor, Sylvain Bolinois, Francine Carius, Jean-Claude Soumbo, Raymonde Téreau, Georges Buisson, Marianne Malsa, Marcel Thelcide, Michel Michalon, Lise N'Guéla, Mady Ericher, Marie-Claude Cléry, Gisèle Aribo, Alain Rapon, Laurence Gracienne, Sandrine Saint-Aimé, Yolande Philémont-Montout, Marie-Line Lesdéma, and Aurélie Dalmat.
The party also counts among its members two general councillors, Lucien Adenet and Jean-Philippe Nilor, and the mayor of Rivière-Pilote, Lucien Veilleur.
In the municipal and cantonal elections in March of 2008, the MIM presented 17 at-large candidates. For the first time in its history its candidates received significant support and four were elected mayors:
- In Rivière-Salée, Vincent Duville received 2829 votes, 46.05%
- In Sainte-Luce, Jean-Philippe Nilor received 2374 votes, 46.63%
- In Saint Esprit, Georges Buisson received 1619 votes, 34.87%
- In Trois-Ilets, Lise N'Guéla received 1295 votes, 42.73%
The MIM publishes a journal, La Parole au Peuple, and operates a radio station, R.D.L.M. (Radio Lévé Doubout Matinik).
- Ameringer, Charles D. (1992). Political parties of the Americas, 1980s to 1990s: Canada, Latin America, and the West Indies. Greenwood. p. 395. ISBN 978-0-313-27418-3.