Martinikerk (Groningen)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Martinikerk
Martinikerk, Groningen 1144.jpg
Martinikerk
Coordinates: 53°13′09″N 6°34′06″E / 53.21917°N 6.56833°E / 53.21917; 6.56833
Location Groningen (city), Groningen (province)
Country Netherlands
Denomination Protestant Church in the Netherlands
Website www.martinikerk.nl
History
Dedication Saint Martin of Tours
Architecture
Status Church
Designated 1225
Architectural type Cathedral
Style Gothic
Specifications
Height 97 m (318 ft 3 in)
Dome height (inner) 25 m (82 ft 0 in)
Materials Church: brick
Tower: sandstone

The Martinikerk (Martin's church) is the oldest church in Groningen, Netherlands. The church and its associated tower (the Martinitoren) are named after Saint Martin of Tours (316–397), the patron saint of the Bishopric of Utrecht to which Groningen belonged.

The church was a cathedral for a short period during the first bishopric of Groningen (1559–1594).

The origins of the Martinikerk are a cruciform church built in the 13th century, which was extended in the 15th and 16th centuries. It contains several 16th-century tombs and Wessel Gansfort's 18th-century tomb.[1] Much of the wall and roof paintwork has been preserved. Of particular note is a 16th-century depiction of the life of Jesus Christ.

The tower was built from 1469 till 1482, with later additions.[2] Citizens of Groningen often refer to the tower as d'Olle Grieze (Old Grey One). The original 13th-century tower was destroyed by lightning, and a new tower was built in the 15th century, also destroyed by lightning.

Its organ contains stops dating back to 1450, and was rebuilt and enlarged by Arp Schnitger among others. [3] The church and organ are filmed extensively in the documentary Martinikerk Rondeau.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Martinikerk (rijksmonument #18555)". Monumentenregister (in Dutch). Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  2. ^ "Toren van de Martinikerk (rijksmonument #18553)". Monumentenregister (in Dutch). Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  3. ^ The Martinikerk Organ in Groningen

External links[edit]