Martinsicuro

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Martinsicuro
Comune di Martinsicuro
Martinsicuro02.jpg
Coat of arms of Martinsicuro
Coat of arms
Location of Martinsicuro
Martinsicuro is located in Italy
Martinsicuro
Martinsicuro
Location of Martinsicuro in Italy
Martinsicuro is located in Abruzzo
Martinsicuro
Martinsicuro
Martinsicuro (Abruzzo)
Coordinates: 42°53′N 13°55′E / 42.883°N 13.917°E / 42.883; 13.917
CountryItaly
RegionAbruzzo
ProvinceTeramo (TE)
FrazioniVilla Rosa
Government
 • MayorMassimo Vagnoni
Area
 • Total14.66 km2 (5.66 sq mi)
Elevation
2 m (7 ft)
Population
(30 September 2017)
 • Total16,020
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Martinsicuresi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
64014
Dialing code0861
Patron saintSt. Gabriel
Saint day27 February
WebsiteOfficial website

Martinsicuro (Latin: Castrum Truentinum)[1] is a town and comune in province of Teramo, Abruzzo, central Italy. It is located on the right of the mouth of Tronto River.

History[edit]

Remains of a Bronze Age (10th-9th centuries BC) settlement were found in the communal territory, on a hill overlooking the Tronto river. At the river's mouth existed Truentum, remembered by Roman writer Pliny the Elder as part of the Roman region of Picenum, and attributed to the Liburni tribe. It was noted during the Roman civil wars as one of the centers occupied by Julius Caesar [2]. It is cited by Strabone, Mela and Sillo Italico, also reported in the "Antonini Itinerary" and in the "Peutingeriana Tabula". The territories alongside of his river were divided under the reform of emperor August. After the Roman conquest in the 3rd century BC it became a municipium and later was reached by the Via Salaria.

Castrum Truentinum was conquered by the Lombards in the wake of the fall of Fermo in 580, but in the subsequent centuries most of the inhabitants moved to other centres in the mainland. In the 16th century the Spaniards built here two watchtowers, around which a small borough grew.

Main sights[edit]

  • Tower of Charles V (1547). Since 2009 it has housed an archaeological museum.

Twin towns[edit]

Martinsicuro is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richard J.A. Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World: Map-By-Map Directory. I. Princeton, NJ and Oxford, UK: Princeton University Press. p. 608. ISBN 0691049459.
  2. ^ Letter from Pompey to L. Domitius Ahenobarbus, attached to a letter from Cicero to Atticus, February 49 B.C.: Cicero, Epistulae ad Atticum (8,12)