Martjanci

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Martjanci
Mártonhely
Gothic church of St. Martin in Martjanci
Gothic church of St. Martin in Martjanci
Martjanci is located in Slovenia
Martjanci
Martjanci
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 46°41′5.16″N 16°11′26.08″E / 46.6847667°N 16.1905778°E / 46.6847667; 16.1905778Coordinates: 46°41′5.16″N 16°11′26.08″E / 46.6847667°N 16.1905778°E / 46.6847667; 16.1905778
Country Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Traditional region Prekmurje
Statistical region Mura
Municipality Moravske Toplice
Area
 • Total 3.7 km2 (1.4 sq mi)
Elevation 193.9 m (636.2 ft)
Population (2002)
 • Total 492
[1]

Martjanci (pronounced [maɾˈtjaːntsi]; Hungarian: Mártonhely, Prekmurje Slovene (sometimes): Martijanci[citation needed]) is a village between Murska Sobota and Moravske Toplice in the Prekmurje region of Slovenia.[2]

It is known for its parish church dedicated to Saint Martin, from which the village gets its name. It is a single-nave church built in 1392 on the site of an older church. The presbytery is vaulted and covered in frescos by the 14th-century local artist Johannes Aquila (fl. 1378–1392), who also painted the churches in Velemér, Turnišče, and Fürstenfeld. The paintings are signed and a self-portrait of the artist is included in the scheme.[3] It is among the earliest European self-portraits.[4] The main altar was created in marble in 1925 based on plans by the architect Jože Plečnik (1872–1957).

The Martjanci hymnal (Slovene: Martjanska pesmarica) was compiled in Martjanci in a mixture of Prekmurje Slovene and Kajkavian dialect in the 16th and 17th centuries. This manuscript hymnal, kept at the university library in Maribor, is an exceptionally important literary monument because of its contents[clarification needed] and the use of dialect, which influenced later transcriptions of Prekmurje folk songs.[5]

The writers Miklós Legén, Mihály Terplán, József Pusztai, and József Bagáry lived in the village.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
  2. ^ Moravske Toplice municipal site
  3. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number 4507
  4. ^ Hourihane, Colum (2012). "Johannes Aquila de Rakerspurga". The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture. Oxford University Press. p. 527. ISBN 9780195395365. 
  5. ^ Novak, Vilko. 1997. Martjanska pesmarica. Ljubljana: ZRC.

External links[edit]