Martha L. (Marty) Crump is a behavioral ecologist.
She was born in Madison, Wisconsin, and her interest in ecology and the environment were spurred by her childhood spent in the Adirondak mountains of upstate New York. While an undergraduate at the University of Kansas, she worked in the herpetology division of the Museum of Natural History, and after graduation, she participated in a faunal survey of amphibians and reptiles in a remote area of the upper Amazon Basin, Ecuador. She received her Masters at the University of Kansas for her research in Brazil concerning amphibians and reptiles, and did her doctorate research in Ecuador on frogs’ reproductive behavior. After receiving her Ph.D. from the University of Kansas, she became a professor of zoology at the University of Florida, where she continued her research in Ecuador, and also performed research in Costa Rica and Argentina, focusing on amphibian parental care, cannibalism, and reproduction.
Crump was the first individual to perform a long-term ecological study on a community of tropical amphibians in which she studied reproductive strategies in the neotropical anuran community at Santa Cecilia, Ecuador and recognized ten different modes of reproduction. These categories were later modified and adapted for all anuran reproductive patterns that scientists are currently aware of. Crump was also a pioneer in classifying variability in amphibian egg size as a function of habitat predictability. Her research, focusing on tropical tree frogs, shows that in species that breed in temporary ponds, individual females produce clutches that have a greater range of egg sizes while those breeding in permanent ponds have a very concentrated distribution, rarely deviating from the mean.
Crump co-authored all four editions of one of the two most popular modern herpetology textbooks. In 1997, she received the Distinguished Herpetologist Award from The Herpetologists’ League. She has also been involved in several conservation activities, including acting as a board member of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature as part of the DAPTF (Declining Amphibian Populations Task Force) from 2000 to 2010. She has held several editorial positions including Associate Editor of Herpetological Natural History from 2000 to 2006 and has served as an officer in several professional organizations including the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, and The Herpetologists’ League. She is currently the Program Officer for the annual scientific conference Joint Meeting of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists (JMIH).
She currently works as adjunct professor in the Department of Biology and the Ecology Center at Utah State University and her latest book is Amphibians, Reptiles, and Humans: Cultural Perceptions and Conservation Consequences.
List of works
- A Year with Nature: An Almanac by Marty Crump (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2018, ISBN 978-0-226-44970-8)
- In Search of the Golden Frog by Marty Crump (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2000, ISBN 978-0-226-12198-7)
- Headless Males Make Great Lovers: And Other Unusual Natural Histories by Marty Crump (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2006, ISBN 978-0-226-12199-4)
- Sexy Orchids Make Lousy Lovers: & Other Unusual Relationships by Marty Crump (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2009, ISBN 978-0-226-12185-7)
- Mysteries of the Komodo Dragon: The Biggest, Deadliest Lizard Gives Up Its Secrets by Marty Crump (Honesdale, PA: Boyds Mills Press, 2010, ISBN 978-1-59078-757-1)
- Amphibians and Reptiles: An Introduction to Their Natural History and Conservation by Marty Crump (Granville, OH: McDonald & Woodward Publishing, 2011, ISBN 978-1935778202)
- Eye of Newt and Toe of Frog, Adder's Fork and Lizard's Leg: The Lore and Mythology of Amphibians and Reptiles by Marty Crump (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2011, ISBN 978-0226116006)
- Herpetology (1st Edition) by F. Harvey Pough, Robin M. Andrews, John E. Cadle, Martha L. Crump, Alan H. Savitzky, and Kentwood D. Wells (Pearson, 1997, ISBN 978-0138508760)
- Herpetology (2nd Edition) by F. Harvey Pough, Robin M. Andrews, John E. Cadle, Martha L. Crump, Alan H. Savitzky, and Kentwood D. Wells (Prentice Hall, 2000, ISBN 978-0130307958)
- Herpetology (3rd Edition) by F. Harvey Pough, Robin M. Andrews, John E. Cadle, Martha L. Crump, Alan H. Savitzky, and Kentwood D. Wells (Benjamin Cummings, 2003, ISBN 978-0131008496)
- Herpetology (4th Edition) by F. Harvey Pough, Robin M. Andrews, Martha L. Crump, Alan H. Savitzky, Kentwood D. Wells, Matthew C. Brandley (Sinauer, 2015, ISBN 978-1605352336)
- McDonald, Jerry. "Marty Crump". Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- Gold, Donna. "Popular Biologist Marty Crump Comes to COA". Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- Hodl, Walter (1990). "Reproductive diversity in Amazonian lowland frogs" (PDF). Fortschritte der Zoologie. 38: 41. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- Kaplan, Robert; William S. Cooper (March 1984). "The Evolution of Developmental Plasticity in Reproductive Characteristics: An Application of The "Adaptive Coin-Flipping" Principle". American Naturalist. 123 (3): 393. doi:10.1086/284211. JSTOR 2461103.
- "Curriculum Vitae: Martha L. Crump". Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- Crump, Martha (2017). "JMIH Abstract Submission and Aftermath: The Process Demystified" (PDF). Herpetological Review. 48 (4): 801–804.
- "Announcing Marty Crump's new book to be published by The University of Chicago Press".