Martin Alan Feldman
8 July 1934
East London, England
|Died||2 December 1982 (aged 48)|
Mexico City, Mexico
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills), California, U.S.|
|Occupation||Actor, comedian, comedy writer|
|Awards||BAFTAs: Best Light Entertainment Performance|
Martin Alan Feldman (8 July 1934 – 2 December 1982) was a British actor, comedian and comedy writer, known for his prominent, misaligned eyes. He initially gained prominence as a writer with Barry Took on the ITV sitcom Bootsie and Snudge and the BBC Radio comedy programme Round the Horne. He became known as a performer on At Last the 1948 Show and Marty, the latter of which won two BAFTA awards. He quickly became a celebrity in the United Kingdom.
Feldman went on to appear in films such as The Bed Sitting Room and Every Home Should Have One, the latter of which was one of the most popular comedies at the British box office in 1970. Feldman moved to the United States after becoming well-known on American variety shows. He famously starred as Igor in Mel Brooks' Young Frankenstein and then directed The Last Remake of Beau Geste and In God We Tru$t. He died in 1982 of a heart attack on the set of Yellowbeard in Mexico City.
Feldman was born on 8 July 1934 in East London, the son of Cecilia (née Crook) and Myer Feldman, a gown manufacturer,[better source needed] who was a Jewish immigrant from Kiev, Ukraine. He recalled his childhood as "solitary" especially during his years of evacuation to the countryside during the Second World War.
Feldman suffered from thyroid disease and developed Graves' ophthalmopathy, causing his eyes to protrude and become misaligned. A childhood injury, a car crash, a boating accident, and reconstructive eye surgery may also have contributed to his appearance. He later described his appearance as a factor in his career success: "If I aspired to be Robert Redford, I'd have my eyes straightened and my nose fixed and end up like every other lousy actor, with two lines on Kojak. But this way I'm a novelty."
Leaving school at 15, Feldman worked at the Dreamland funfair in Margate, but had dreams of a career as a jazz trumpeter, and performed in the first group in which tenor saxophonist Tubby Hayes was a member. Feldman joked that he was "the world's worst trumpet player." By the age of 20, he had decided to pursue a career as a comedian.
Although his early performing career was undistinguished, Feldman became part of a comedy act — Morris, Marty and Mitch — who made their first television appearance on the BBC series Showcase in April 1955. Later in the decade, Feldman worked on the scripts for Educating Archie in both its radio and television incarnations, with Ronald Chesney and later, Ronald Wolfe.
In 1954, Feldman met Barry Took while both were working as performers, and with Took, he eventually formed an enduring writing partnership which lasted until 1974. They wrote a few episodes of The Army Game (1960) and the bulk of Bootsie and Snudge (1960–62), both situation comedies made by Granada Television for the ITV network. For BBC Radio they wrote Round the Horne (1964–67), their best-remembered comedy series, which starred Kenneth Horne and Kenneth Williams. (The last season of Round the Horne, in 1968, was written by others.) This work placed Feldman and Took 'in the front rank of comedy writers', according to Denis Norden.
Feldman then became the chief writer and script editor on The Frost Report (1966–67). With John Law, he co-wrote the much-shown "Class" sketch, in which John Cleese, Ronnie Barker and Ronnie Corbett faced the audience, with their descending order of height, suggesting their relative social status as upper class (Cleese), middle class (Barker) and working class (Corbett).
The television sketch comedy series At Last the 1948 Show raised Feldman's profile as a performer. The other three participants (future Monty Python members Graham Chapman and John Cleese; and future star of The Goodies, Tim Brooke-Taylor) needed a fourth cast member, and had Feldman in mind. In a sketch broadcast on 1 March 1967, Feldman's character harassed a patient shop assistant (played by Cleese) regarding a series of fictitious books, achieving success with Ethel the Aardvark Goes Quantity Surveying. His character in At Last the 1948 Show was often called Mr. Pest, according to Cleese. Feldman was co-author - along with Chapman, Cleese and Brooke-Taylor - of the sketch "Four Yorkshiremen", which was written for At Last the 1948 Show.
Feldman was given his own series on the BBC, Marty, in 1968; it featured Brooke-Taylor, John Junkin and Roland MacLeod, with Cleese as one of the writers. Feldman won two BAFTA awards. The second series in 1969 was retitled It's Marty (this title being retained for the DVD release of the series).
In 1971, Feldman gave evidence in favour of the defendants in the obscenity trial for Oz magazine. He would not swear on the Bible, choosing instead to affirm. Throughout his testimony, he mocked the judge after it was implied that Feldman had no religion because he was not Christian. By this point, preparation had begun on The Marty Feldman Comedy Machine (1971–72), a television series co-produced by Associated Television (ATV) in the UK and the American Broadcasting Company, and which was produced at ATV's Elstree Studios, near London. This vehicle lasted for just one series.
In 1974, Dennis Main Wilson produced a short BBC sketch series for Feldman titled Marty Back Together Again — a reference to reports about the star's health — but it never captured the impact of the earlier series. Marty proved popular enough with an international audience (the first series winning the Golden Rose Award at Montreux) to launch a film career. Feldman's first feature film role was in Every Home Should Have One (1970). He spent time in Soho jazz clubs, as he found a parallel between 'riffing' in a comedy partnership and the improvisation of jazz.
On film, in Mel Brooks' Young Frankenstein (1974), Feldman played Igor (pronounced "EYE-gore", a comic response to Gene Wilder's claim that 'it's pronounced FRONK-EN-SCHTEEN'). Many lines in Young Frankenstein were improvised. Wilder says he had Feldman in mind when he wrote the part. Feldman's performances on American television included The Dean Martin Show.
In 1976, Feldman ventured into Italian cinema, starring with Barbara Bouchet in the sex comedy 40 Gradi All'Ombra del Lenzuolo (Sex with a Smile). He later appeared in The Adventure of Sherlock Holmes' Smarter Brother and Brooks' Silent Movie, as well as directing and starring in The Last Remake of Beau Geste. He also guest-starred in "Arabian Nights", an episode of The Muppet Show in which he was teamed up with several Sesame Street characters, especially Cookie Monster, with whom he shared a playful cameo comparing their eyes side by side.
During the course of his career, Feldman recorded two albums, Marty (1968) and I Feel a Song Going Off (1969), re-released in 1971 as The Crazy World of Marty Feldman. The songs on his second album were written by Denis King, John Junkin and Bill Solly (a writer for Max Bygraves and The Two Ronnies). It was later released as a CD in 2007.
Feldman was married to Lauretta Sullivan from January 1959 until his death in 1982. She died, aged 74, in 2010 in Studio City, Los Angeles. Feldman's peers have reported, in a number of biographies, that he was highly attractive to women in spite of his unconventional facial appearance. Feldman wrote an autobiography, Eye Marty: the newly discovered autobiography of a comic genius, which was discovered following Lauretta's death. It was published in 2012 with a foreword by Eric Idle.
Politically, Feldman was described as an "avowed socialist" telling one interviewer, "I'm a socialist by conviction, if not by lifestyle" and another, "I'm a socialist from way back, but in order to pay my back taxes I have to live in America to earn enough money to pay the back tax I owe to the socialist government that I voted in." He later joked that when a Labour cabinet minister said to him "Of course you vote Labour," Feldman replied, "No, I don't, because I'm a socialist!" Nevertheless, he generally did not seriously discuss politics in public. An exception was when during a promotional tour for The Last Remake of Beau Geste, he denounced the campaign led by Anita Bryant against homosexuality.
Feldman was a vegetarian. In a 1979 interview, when asked how long he had practised this, he stated: "I was about five and a half or six when I converted; I'm forty-three now, so it's been approximately thirty-eight years."
Feldman died from a heart attack, in a hotel room in Mexico City on 2 December 1982 at age 48, during the making of the film Yellowbeard; the film was subsequently dedicated to him. On the DVD commentary of Young Frankenstein, Mel Brooks cites factors that may have contributed to Feldman's death: "He sometimes smoked half a carton (five packs) of cigarettes daily, drank copious amounts of black coffee, and ate a diet rich in eggs and dairy products."
|1969||The Bed Sitting Room||Nurse Arthur|
|1970||Every Home Should Have One||Teddy Brown|
|1971||The Magnificent Seven Deadly Sins||guest appearance||segment "Sloth"|
|1975||The Adventure of Sherlock Holmes' Smarter Brother||Sgt. Orville Stanley Sacker|
|Closed Up-Tight||Cat Burglar|
|1976||40 gradi all'ombra del lenzuolo (Sex With a Smile)||Alex, the "Bodyguard" male||(segment "La Guardia del Corpo")|
|Silent Movie||Marty Eggs|
|1977||The Last Remake of Beau Geste||Dagobert 'Digby' Geste|
|1980||In God We Tru$t||Brother Ambrose|
|1982||Slapstick of Another Kind||Sylvester|
|1983||Yellowbeard||Gilbert||(final film role)|
|1967||At Last the 1948 Show||various characters|
|1968–69||Marty / It's Marty|
|1970||Marty Amok!||television special|
|1971||Marty Abroad||television special|
|1971–72||The Marty Feldman Comedy Machine||himself|
|1971–73||The Flip Wilson Show|
|1972||The Marty Feldman Show||various||television movie|
|1974||Marty Back Together Again||various characters|
|1981||The Muppet Show||himself||television series - one episode, "Arabian Nights"|
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- "Marty Feldman: "Damn your eyes!"". Amc.com. Archived from the original on 6 July 2018. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
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- Harper, Sue (2011). British Film Culture in the 1970s: The Boundaries of Pleasure: The Boundaries of Pleasure. Edinburgh University Press. p. 269. ISBN 9780748654260.
- "Movie Memory: Marty Feldman 1977". New York Daily News. 4 August 2002. Retrieved 30 August 2009.[permanent dead link]
- Took, Barry (September 2004). Feldman, Martin Alan [Marty] (1934–1982), comedian and scriptwriter. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. ISBN 978-0-19-861412-8.
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- Lawson, Carol (4 December 1982). "Marty Feldman, Film Comic, Victim of Heart Attack at 48". The New York Times.
- Chilton, Martin (17 November 2011). "Marty Feldman – The Biography Of A Comedy Legend by Robert Ross: review". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 19 November 2015.
- BBC Radio 2 programme East End Boys, 2014
- "Marty Feldman Comedy Machine (The): The Complete Series". Network ON AIR. 1 November 2015. Archived from the original on 4 May 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
- "Marty - The Whowrotewhat Wotnot (series 1)". The Kettering (4). Archived from the original on 10 August 2011. Retrieved 30 August 2009.
- "Lauretta Sullivan Feldman". Los Angeles Times. 15 April 2010.
- Ross, Robert (25 October 2011). Marty Feldman: The Biography of a Comedy Legend. Titan Books. p. 252. ISBN 978-0-85768-602-2.[need quotation to verify]
- " by Mike Kuhlenbeck, Jewish Currents, June 29, 2016
- "Feldman has 'ideal equipment'", The Pittsburgh Press, January 11, 1976
- Marty Feldman: The Biography of a Comedy Legend by Robert Ross, chapter 15, footnote 17
- "Marty Feldman versus the Suits" by Mike Kuhlenbeck, Jewish Currents, 29 June 2016 https://jewishcurrents.org/marty-feldman-versus-the-suits/
- Berry, Rynn (1979). "Marty Feldman". The Vegetarians. Brookline, MA: Autumn Press. p. 30. ISBN 0-394-73633-8.
- Wilmut, Roger (1980). From Fringe to Flying Circus — Celebrating a Unique Generation of Comedy 1960–1980. Eyre Methuen. ISBN 978-0-413-46950-2.
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