Marty Makary

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Martin Makary
Makary 971.jpg
Marty Makary
Alma materBucknell University
Thomas Jefferson University (MD)
Harvard University (MPH)

Martin Adel "Marty" Makary is an American surgeon, professor, and author. He practices surgical oncology and gastrointestinal laparoscopic surgery at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, is Mark Ravitch Chair in Gastrointestinal Surgery at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, and teaches public health policy as Professor of Surgery and Public Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Makary is an advocate for disruptive innovation in medicine and physician-led initiatives such as The Surgical Checklist, which he developed at Johns Hopkins, and was later popularized in Atul Gawande's best-selling book The Checklist Manifesto.[1] Makary was named one of the most influential people in healthcare by Health magazine.[2] In 2018, Makary was elected to the National Academy of Medicine.[3]


Makary was born in Liverpool, England and moved to Baltimore as a young child. His family later moved to Danville, Pennsylvania when his father took a job as a hematologist at the Geisinger Medical Center. Makary holds degrees from Bucknell University, Thomas Jefferson University and Harvard University. Makary was president of the student body at Harvard, and later served on the alumni board. He completed a Masters of Public Health (M.P.H.) degree, with a concentration in Health Policy.

Professional career[edit]

Makary completed a surgical residency at Georgetown University[4] in Washington D.C. where he also worked as a writer for The Advisory Board Company. Makary completed sub-specialty surgery training at Johns Hopkins in surgical oncology and gastrointestinal surgery under surgeon John Cameron, before joining Cameron's faculty practice as a partner.[5] In his first few years on the faculty at Johns Hopkins, Makary researched and wrote articles on the prevention of surgical complications.[6] He published on frailty[7] as a medical condition, and on safety and teamwork culture in medicine. Makary is the first author of the original scientific publications describing "The Surgery Checklist".[8] Makary worked with the World Health Organization[9] to develop the official World Health Organization Surgical Checklist.[1] For his contributions to the field of medicine, Makary was named Mark Ravitch Chair in Gastrointestinal Surgery, an endowed chair at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, becoming the youngest endowed chair recipient at the time at the university. Three years later, he was named the Credentials Chair and Director of Quality and Safety for Surgery at Johns Hopkins.[4] In 2020, Makary was named Editor-in-Chief of MedPage Today.

Makary is a pancreatic surgeon and has pioneered novel surgical procedures. He was awarded the Nobility in Science Award by the National Pancreas Foundation for performing the world's first series of laparoscopic pancreas islet transplant operations.[10] He has traveled with his international team overseas.[11] Makary specializes in advanced laparoscopic surgery and performed the first laparoscopic Whipple surgery at Johns Hopkins and the first laparoscopic Frey procedure for pancreatitis.[12][13] He is also Professor of Surgery and Public Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Makary's research led to several partnerships, including a grant from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Agency for Healthcare Quality and Research, to study obesity treatment,[14] and a grant from the same agency to implement safety programs at 100 U.S. hospitals, a project he collaborated on with Peter Pronovost and the American College of Surgeons. Makary was also the lead author in the original paper introducing a Hospital Survey of Patient Safety Culture.[15]

He has written for The Wall Street Journal,[16] USA Today, TIME, Newsweek,[17] and CNN,[18] and appears on NBC and Fox News.[19]

Makary has also called for the public reporting physician-endorsed quality measures by hospitals.[20][21] He and Bryan Sexton have encouraged hundreds of hospitals to take the "Culture of Safety Survey" and make their results available to their communities. Makary also advocates for price transparency and has led efforts to ask hospitals to stop suing their low-income patients.[22]

In 2016, Makary and his colleagues exposed loopholes in the Orphan Drug Act accounting for higher drug pricing. His article "The Orphan Drug Act: Restoring the Mission to Rare Diseases",[23] covered by Kaiser Heath News,[24] led Senator Grassley's office to announce an investigation[25] into the problem.


Makary is the author of the New York Times Best Selling book Unaccountable,[26][27] in which he proposes that common sense, physician-led solutions can fix the healthcare system. The book was turned into the popular TV series, The Resident,[28] which aired on Fox in 2018. Makary is also the author of Mama Maggie[29] a personal story about his Aunt, a Nobel Peace Prize nominee working in the garbage slums of Cairo. His latest book,[30]The Price We Pay, was released in 2018 and describes how business leaders can lower their health care costs and explores the grass-roots movement to restore medicine to its noble mission. Makary is also the editor of the surgery textbook "General Surgery Review".[31]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Makary is the recipient of numerous research and teaching awards, including the Best Teacher Award for Georgetown Medical School[11] and research awards from the Washington Academy of Surgery and the New England Surgical Society. He has been a visiting professor at over 30 U.S. medical schools and lectures frequently on innovation in health care.[32] In 2018, he was elected to the National Academy of Medicine.[33]

Personal life[edit]

Makary is of Coptic Egyptian origin.[34]


  1. ^ a b Gawande, Atul (2009). The Checklist Manifesto. New York, NY: Metropolitan Books. pp. 101. ISBN 978-0-312-43000-9.
  2. ^ "20 People Who are Making a Difference In Healthcare". Health. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Johns Hopkins Faculty Members Elected to National Academy of Medicine". Johns Hopkins Medicine Newsroom. 2018-10-15. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  4. ^ a b Hopkins, Johns. "Martin A. Makary M.D., M.P.H." Johns Hopkins Medicine. Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved 25 October 2011.
  5. ^ Flynn, Ramsey. n/w10/feature3.cfm "Judgement Day" Check |url= value (help). Hopkins Medicine Magazine. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
  6. ^ Coldwell, Dr. "Medical Mistakes More Common Than You Think". Archived from the original on 6 March 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
  7. ^ Makary, Martin A.; Segev, Dorry L.; Pronovost, Peter J.; Syin, Dora; Bandeen-Roche, Karen; Patel, Purvi; Takenaga, Ryan; Devgan, Lara; Holzmueller, Christine G. (June 2010). "Frailty as a predictor of surgical outcomes in older patients". Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 210 (6): 901–908. doi:10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2010.01.028. ISSN 1879-1190. PMID 20510798.
  8. ^ Makary, MA; Holzmueller, CG; Thompson, D; Rowen, L; Heitmiller, ES; Maley, WR; Black, JH; Stegner, K; Freischlag, JA; Ulatowski, JA; Pronovost, PJ (2006). "Operating room briefings: working on the same page". Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 32 (6): 351–5. doi:10.1016/S1553-7250(06)32045-4. PMID 16776390.
  9. ^ ExpertFile. "Dr. Marty Makary Physician, Researcher, Author, Medical Commentator - Expert with Johns Hopkins School of Medicine & Johns Hopkins Center for Global Health | ExpertFile". Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  10. ^ "Martin Makary Receives National Pancreas Foundation's 2015 Nobility in Science Award - 10/28/2015". Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  11. ^ a b Hopkins, John. "Martin Makary Faculty Directory Profile". Johns Hopkins. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  12. ^ Cohn, Meredith. "Pancreatic cancer operation done laparoscopically". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  13. ^ Fan, Caleb J.; Hirose, Kenzo; Walsh, Christi M.; Quartuccio, Michael; Desai, Niraj M.; Singh, Vikesh K.; Kalyani, Rita R.; Warren, Daniel S.; Sun, Zhaoli (2017-06-01). "Laparoscopic Total Pancreatectomy With Islet Autotransplantation and Intraoperative Islet Separation as a Treatment for Patients With Chronic Pancreatitis". JAMA Surgery. 152 (6): 550–556. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2016.5707. ISSN 2168-6262. PMC 5540049. PMID 28241234.
  14. ^ Maugh II, Thomas H. (30 June 2011). "Prompt reduction in use of medications for comorbid conditions after bariatric surgery". Obes Surg. 19 (12): 1646–56. doi:10.1007/s11695-009-9960-1. PMID 19763709. S2CID 9097138.
  15. ^ Makary, Martin (2006). "Patient Safety in Surgery". Annals of Surgery. 243 (5): 628–32, discussion 632–5. doi:10.1097/01.sla.0000216410.74062.0f. PMC 1570547. PMID 16632997.
  16. ^ Makary, Marty (10 July 2014). "A Minimally Invasive Approach to Health-Care Reform". The Wall Street Journal.
  17. ^ "The Daily Beast".
  18. ^ Makary, Martin (28 December 2015). "Why our health care system is broken". CNN. CNN. Retrieved 28 Dec 2015.
  19. ^ Makary, Marty (2015-07-10). "New FDA Warning". FOX News. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  20. ^ Reinberg, Steven. "Surgery on Wrong Patients, Surgical Sites Persists, Study Finds". Bloomberg Business Week. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  21. ^ Makary, Marty (2007). "Operating Room Briefings and Wrong-Site Surgery" (PDF). Journal of the American College of Surgeons. American College of Surgeons. 204 (2): 236–43. doi:10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2006.10.018. PMID 17254927. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  22. ^ "When Hospitals Sue For Unpaid Bills, It Can Be 'Ruinous' For Patients". Retrieved 2019-08-11.
  23. ^ Daniel, Michael G.; Pawlik, Timothy M.; Fader, Amanda N.; Esnaola, Nestor F.; Makary, Martin A. (2016). "The Orphan Drug Act: Restoring the Mission to Rare Diseases". American Journal of Clinical Oncology. 39 (2): 210–213. doi:10.1097/COC.0000000000000251. PMID 26580246. S2CID 26723799.
  24. ^ "Drugs For Rare Diseases Have Become Uncommonly Rich Monopolies". Retrieved 2017-07-31.
  25. ^ "Sen. Grassley Launches Inquiry Into Orphan Drug Law's Effect On Prices". Retrieved 2017-07-31.
  26. ^ Makary, Marty (2012). Unaccountable : what hospitals won't tell you and how transparency can revolutionize health care (1st U.S. ed.). New York: Bloomsbury Press. ISBN 978-1-60819-836-8. OCLC 772106631.
  27. ^ Cowles, Gregory. "Print & E-Books". The New York Times.
  28. ^ Chase, Dave (2018-01-17). "The TV Series Hospital CEOs Don't Want You To See". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  29. ^ Makary, Marty (2015). Mama Maggie: the untold story of one woman's mission to love the forgotten children of Egypt's garbage slums. Vaughn, Ellen Santilli. Nashville, Tennessee. ISBN 978-0-7180-2203-7. OCLC 883134560.
  30. ^ Makary, Marty (2019). The Price We Pay: what broke American health care--and how to fix it. New York. ISBN 978-1-63557-411-1. OCLC 1057304737.
  31. ^ Schäfer, Markus (2010-04-01). "Martin A. Makary (eds): General Surgery Review (2nd Edition)". World Journal of Surgery. 34 (4): 874. doi:10.1007/s00268-010-0405-8. ISSN 1432-2323.
  32. ^ "Marty Makary Profile". GoGoMag. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  33. ^ "National Academy of Medicine Elects 85 New Members". National Academy of Medicine. 15 October 2018. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  34. ^ Powers, Kirsten (3 February 2011). "America's Naivete About Egypt". The Daily Beast.

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