|17th Borough President of Brooklyn|
January 1, 2002 – December 31, 2013
|Preceded by||Howard Golden|
|Succeeded by||Eric L. Adams|
February 14, 1945 |
Brooklyn, New York
|Alma mater||Brooklyn College|
Martin "Marty" Markowitz (born February 14, 1945) is a former Borough President of Brooklyn, New York City. He was first elected in 2001 after serving 23 years as a New York State Senator. His third and final term ended in December 2013.
Early life and education
He was born and raised in Crown Heights, Brooklyn, in a Jewish family. His father, Robert, was a waiter at Sid's, a kosher delicatessen but died when Marty was nine years old; his mother, Dorothy, moved the family to public housing in Sheepshead Bay. Markowitz graduated from Wingate High School in Brooklyn's Prospect Lefferts Gardens section in 1962.
Markowitz began his public service career in 1971, at the age of 26, by forming the Flatbush Tenants Council in the Brooklyn neighborhood of Flatbush. The organization grew into Brooklyn Housing & Family Services, which is the largest tenants advocacy organization operating in New York State today.
He was a member of the New York State Senate from 1979 to 2001, sitting in the 183rd, 184th, 185th, 186th, 187th, 188th, 189th, 190th, 191st, 192nd, 193rd and 194th New York State Legislatures. He was known for creating a series of oceanfront concerts and other festivals rather than drafting legislation.
Campaigns for borough presidency
Markowitz first ran for Borough President in 1985, but failed to unseat the incumbent Howard Golden. Markowitz subsequently pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor for failing to disclose a campaign contribution; he was fined and performed community service.[when?]
He was elected to the borough presidency in 2001, as the Democratic candidate and was re-elected on November 8, 2005, with 79% of the vote, compared to 13% for Republican challenger Theodore Alatsas, and 7% for Gloria Mattera, the Green Party candidate.
As borough presidents have little real power within city government, Markowitz used the office to be an aggressive advocate for Brooklyn, promoting mainstream tourism and events. In the 2005 New York City mayoral election, he also endorsed Republican incumbent Michael Bloomberg, as did many other Democrats including Ed Koch.
During the Blackout of 2003, he stood on the Brooklyn Bridge as throngs of fellow Brooklynites trudged home from work in Manhattan, holding a megaphone and cheering "Welcome home to Brooklyn!" to thunderous applause. He repeated this during the 2005 New York City transit strike, inviting Brooklynites into Borough Hall for warm drinks and a chance to call loved ones. He frequently spoke at public schools in Brooklyn on occasions such as performances and graduations.
Markowitz called for demolition of the residences at Admiral's Row, saying they are damaged beyond repair. However, the Beardsley / Crawford & Stearns report commissioned by the National Guard as part of the Section 106 review of the property disputes this claim. In 2006, Markowitz stated that "a crucial community resource must take priority over preservation at Admirals Row", presumably referring to the supermarket parking lot which will replace the historic Second Empire structures if the land is ceded to the city.
Markowitz continued promoting affordable housing, as he had in the Senate. Through capital funding and use of the borough president's ULURP (land use) authority, thousands of affordable housing units have been created, including inclusionary zoning in Greenpoint/Willamsburg and the Habitat for Humanity project in Ocean Hill/Brownsville. He agitated to save Starrett City, the nation's largest federally-subsidized housing complex, and keep it "affordable forever". His efforts to expand Brooklyn's economy include gentrifying Coney Island; rezoning Greenpoint, Williamsburg, and downtown Brooklyn; cleaning up Newtown Creek; encouraging development of the Brooklyn Cruise Terminal; and attracting regional corporate headquarters, large manufacturers and retailers, startups and green businesses.
As a longtime advocate for seniors, Markowitz campaigned to keep Brooklyn senior centers open when they were threatened with closures due to budget cuts. His efforts to save Brooklyn's financially troubled medical institutions resulted in the preservation of maternity and pediatric units at Long Island College Hospital as well as the critical services provided by school medical clinics. He also called for increased parental and community engagement in schools and has supported policies that improve graduation rates and prepare Brooklyn students to compete and succeed in the global economy. His office was instrumental in creating two new schools in Brooklyn: the High School for Innovation in Advertising and Media[where?] and the Brooklyn Academy of Global Finance.[where?]
He founded and hosts the Seaside Summer Concert Series (begun in 1979), New York City's largest free weekly concert series, and the Martin Luther King, Jr. Concert Series (started in 1983), the nation’s largest free public concerts for African American and Caribbean audiences. He has supported Brooklyn’s cultural community, including the BAM Cultural District and Issue Project Room, and is working to restore the Loew's Kings Theatre in Flatbush. He has hosted annual heritage events at Borough Hall celebrating Brooklyn's diversity, including celebrations of the Turkish, Asian, Latino, African-American, Jewish, Caribbean, Italian, Greek, Russian, Polish, Lebanese and LGBT communities. Markowitz has worked to establish Brooklyn’s first-ever LGBT Center for Brooklyn. The Brooklyn Community Pride Center board has been formed to determine a location and gather support for the project.
As borough president, he founded initiatives to promote and improve the quality of life in Brooklyn, including Shop Brooklyn; the Lighten Up Brooklyn and Take Your Man to the Doctor campaigns; Camp Brooklyn; the jobs-for-youth Summer HEAT program; Dine in Brooklyn restaurant week; the Brooklyn Book Festival; the smART Brooklyn Gallery Hop; and a tourism organization called Brooklyn Tourism. Former Brooklyn female district leader Renee Collymore worked for him as an executive assistant.
Markowitz has been a supporter of the controversial Atlantic Yards complex, which has been called Pacific Park since 2014. The arena, now known as the Barclays Center, now houses the NBA's Brooklyn Nets and will become the home of the New York Islanders in 2015. His desire to bring an NBA team to Brooklyn had been known since his campaign for borough president, and he was instrumental in persuading Bruce Ratner to purchase the Nets in 2004. Initially uninterested, Ratner said that Markowitz "called every two to three weeks.... I am sure I said to my assistant, 'Oh, my God, it's Marty.'"
In 2002 Markowitz appointed Dolly Williams to the New York City Planning Commission. Two years later, it was revealed that Williams, who is co-founder of a Brooklyn construction company, had invested a million dollars in Bruce Ratner's purchase of the New Jersey Nets. Williams announced that she would recuse herself from any decisions about the Atlantic Yards project, and she is the only Brooklyn appointee to the Planning Commission.
In March 2008, Ratner acknowledged that much of the project was stalled - but that construction on the basketball arena would begin before 2009. This angered many citizens, who have suggested that affordable housing should come before a sports complex for the developer's team, and angers still more of them as none of the affordable housing has yet been built as of 2014.
On April 3, 2008, Markowitz and his wife Jamie Snow attended a controversial gala honoring Ratner at the Brooklyn Museum. The event featured Japanese artist Takashi Murakami and a performance by Kanye West. Markowitz delivered an address to attendees, prompting protesters outside to take a break from shouting "shame" in order to chant pejoratives at the Borough President. During this same event, Markowitz's wife Jamie took eight limited edition fiberglass placemats designed by Murakami; this move caused some controversy, since there were only enough produced to provide each guest with one. Markowitz defended his wife, saying the couple would sell them and profits would go to Camp Brooklyn, a program that sends low-income kids to camp. "If they're truly worth a thousand dollars, we will sell them and give every penny," he said. Similar limited edition Murakami placemats have sold for around $1,000 on eBay.
Opposition to Prospect Park West bike lane
In September 2009, NYC Department of Transportation was scheduled to modify the layout of Prospect Park West, installing a two-way protected bicycle lane. The project was stalled after Markowitz wrote a letter to the city opposing the measure. The traffic calming measures were planned in response to documented pedestrian safety issues and had the support of Community Board 6. A DOT study showed that "more than 70% of vehicles were exceeding the 30 mph limit, and at least 15 percent were traveling at 40 mph or faster. From 2005 to 2007, there were 58 reported crashes on Prospect Park West." The conflict came to a head in April 2010 when DOT announced plans to go ahead with the modifications. Markowitz made disparaging remarks about DOT commissioner Janette Sadik-Khan, calling her a "zealot", though he later clarified his statement. Markowitz claimed he supports other bike lanes in the city, but his opposition stems from the elimination of parking spaces and one lane of traffic. The bike lane was completed in June 2010 despite Markowitz's continued opposition. Markowitz lives in Windsor Terrace, on the southern portion of Prospect Park West.
Possible mayoral bid
Markowitz was mentioned as a possible candidate for the 2009 Mayoral election. Bloomberg, before having term limitations for city mayor removed by a vote of the city council and his announcement to run, was asked what he thought about the Brooklyn borough president. According to WABC, he said it was too early to get involved choosing a candidate, but said, "Markowitz seems very capable, and if he wants to run, he should run". WABC reported he had gotten 18% in polls for the Democratic nomination.
Conflicts of Interest Board violations and fine
In July 2011, New York City's Conflicts of Interest Board fined Markowitz $20,000, an unusually large penalty, for accepting three trips for his wife, Jamie Snow, that were paid for by the governments of Turkey and the Netherlands. The Board found that "by accepting travel expenses for his wife for each trip, [Markowitz] used his position as a public servant for private or personal advantage." The Board found that he had been aware of the rule prohibiting his acceptance of the free trips at the time of the trips.
- Mead, Rebecca: "Mr. Brooklyn" at the Wayback Machine (archived October 28, 2006), The New Yorker (2005-04-25)
- "Brooklyn Borough President - Marty's Biography". Archived from the original on October 9, 2013.
- Rubinstein, Dana: "This 'admiral' is demoted", The Brooklyn Paper, (2007-11-17)
- Brownstoner staff: "Marty and Mayor Deal Death Blow to B'kln History", Brownstoner, (2006-10-25)
- Kolben, Deborah: "HELLO DOLLY!", The Brooklyn Paper, (2004-08-21)
- Wisloski, Jess: "REC-U-U-USE ME!", The Brooklyn Paper, (2005-03-19)
- Oder, Norman: "Ratner admits major AY delays, rising arena cost", The Atlantic Yards Report, (2008-03-21)
- Oder, Norman: "'Shame!' Crowd outside museum shouts 'Ratner's bad for Brooklyn'", The Atlantic Yards Report, (2008-04-04)
- Sederstrom, Jotham: "Marty Markowitz's wife, Jamie, moves fast for freebies at museum gala", Daily News (New York), (2008-04-07)
- Durkin, Erin; Hutchinson, Bill (March 11, 2010). "Atlantic Yards Ground-Breaking Event Marked By Politicians, Pop Star and Protests". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on March 14, 2010. Retrieved March 11, 2011.
- Brown, Stephen: "What happened to the Prospect Park West bike lane? Ask Marty!", The Brooklyn Paper, (2010-01-25)
- Brad, Aaron: "Marty Markowitz Derails Prospect Park West Bike Lane — For How Long?", Streetsblog, (2010-01-25)
- Brown, Stephen: "Prospect Park West’s two-way bike lane is on a roll", Brooklyn Paper, (2010-04-13)
- Calder, Rich: "Markowitz peddles hard to clarify bike lane remarks", New York Post, (2010-04-13)
- Einhorn, Erin: "Brooklyn Borough President Marty Markowitz purchases $1.45 million home in Windsor Terrace", New York Daily News, (2009-12-17)
- D. Seifman, "Markowitz Fined $20K for Taking Wife on Trips Funded by Foreign Governments", New York Post (July 25, 2011)
- "BP Marty Markowitz Calls for Clarification Following $20K Fine" NY1 (July 25, 2011)
- New York Times. "Marty Markowitz and Jamie Snow" (1999-11-21)
- New York Finance Campaign Voter's Guide
- New Yorker profile of Markowitz
- Marty Markowitz: «In Brooklyn there is place for everybody!» Exclusive interview with Marty Markovitz for Russian-American web portal RUNYweb.com
|New York State Senate|
Jeremiah B. Bloom
|New York State Senate
Martin M. Solomon
Christopher J. Mega
|New York State Senate
|New York State Senate
|Borough President of Brooklyn
Eric L. Adams