Schottenheimer during 2013 preseason
|No. 56, 57, 54|
|Date of birth:||September 23, 1943|
|Place of birth:||Canonsburg, Pennsylvania|
|Height:||6 ft 3 in (1.91 m)|
|Weight:||225 lb (102 kg)|
|High school:||McDonald (PA) Fort Cherry|
|NFL Draft:||1965 / Round: 4 / Pick: 49|
|AFL draft:||1965 / Round: 7 / Pick: 56|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Head coaching record|
|Regular season:||200–126–1 (.613)|
|Player stats at PFR|
|Coaching stats at PFR|
Martin Edward Schottenheimer (//; born September 23, 1943) is a former professional American football player and coach. Over his career, he has served as head coach of the Cleveland Browns, Kansas City Chiefs, Washington Redskins, and San Diego Chargers. He has the most wins of any NFL coach since 1966 to never coach a team in a Super Bowl (which was first held in that year). He was fired from his head coaching position with the San Diego Chargers in 2007, after leading the Chargers to a 14–2 record but a disappointing second round loss. He later emerged as the head coach of the Virginia Destroyers of the United Football League, where he would win his only championship as a coach in his lone season there.
In 21 years as an NFL head coach, Schottenheimer won 200 regular season games and 5 out of 18 games in the postseason. He had only two seasons with more losses than wins in his entire career, and none until his 15th season; the Browns finished with a losing record in his first season, but with Schottenheimer as their coach, they were 4–4. He is the only coach in NFL history with at least 200 wins that has a losing playoff record.
Early life and playing career
Schottenheimer was born in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania. He attended high school at Fort Cherry High School in McDonald, Pennsylvania. After attending the University of Pittsburgh, Schottenheimer, a linebacker, was selected in the fourth round of the 1965 NFL Draft by the Baltimore Colts and in the seventh round of the 1965 American Football League draft by the Buffalo Bills. He signed with the Bills and spent the next four (1965, 1966, 1967, and 1968) seasons with Buffalo, including the Bills' 1965 AFL Championship season, when he was selected to the AFL All-Star Team. Schottenheimer was still with the team during the 1969 preseason and intercepted two passes in a game against the Houston Oilers.
Some time between the 1969 preseason and regular season, Schottenheimer was sent to the Boston Patriots and spent the next two seasons with the Pats. He was traded to the Pittsburgh Steelers in 1971 but was traded again to the Colts before the beginning of the 1971 season. He retired from football in 1971 and spent the next several years working in the real estate industry. Schottenheimer credits his professional playing career as being his inspiration for coaching.
Schottenheimer came out of retirement in 1974 to sign with the Portland Storm of the World Football League as a player-coach. He injured his shoulder prior to the start of the season, but stayed on with the Storm as their linebackers coach.
Schottenheimer's professional coaching career began in 1974 when he became linebackers coach for the Portland Storm of the World Football League. In 1975 he was hired as a linebackers coach for the NFL's New York Giants and in 1977 became defensive coordinator. Schottenheimer spent 1978 and 1979 as the linebackers coach for the NFL's Detroit Lions.
In 1980, he was hired as the defensive coordinator for the Cleveland Browns. On October 22, 1984, Schottenheimer replaced Sam Rutigliano as Browns head coach. The 1–7 Browns then went 4–4 under Schottenheimer to finish the season with a 5–11 record. Schottenheimer would remain with the Browns until 1988, amassing a 44–27 (.620) regular-season record and a 2–4 (.333) mark in the playoffs, including four playoff appearances, three AFC Central Division titles, and two trips to the AFC Championship Game (both against the Denver Broncos).
Kansas City Chiefs
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Schottenheimer spent 10 seasons as head coach of the Kansas City Chiefs, from 1989 to 1998 recording a 101–58–1 regular season record (.634) and had three division titles, seven playoff appearances, and a trip to the AFC Championship game in 1993, losing to the Buffalo Bills. After a disappointing 7–9 season in 1998, Schottenheimer resigned as Chiefs head coach on January 11, 1999.
After working as a football analyst for ESPN from 1999 to 2000, Schottenheimer was hired as head coach of the Washington Redskins for the 2001 season. Schottenheimer's Redskins became the first team in NFL history to win five consecutive games immediately after losing its first five games. The Redskins won eight of their final eleven games to narrowly miss the post season. Despite this, in a controversial move, Daniel Snyder, the owner of the Redskins, fired Schottenheimer on January 13, 2002 after just one 8–8 season to make room for former University of Florida head coach Steve Spurrier.
San Diego Chargers
The San Diego Chargers hired Schottenheimer as their 13th head coach on January 29, 2002. Schottenheimer posted a 47–33 record (.588) with the Chargers. His success didn't come immediately, as the team posted a 4–12 record in 2003, thereby "earning" the first overall pick in the draft. He was named NFL Coach of the Year for the 2004 NFL season. Schottenheimer led the team to two playoff appearances, his 12th and 13th as a head coach. However, both appearances resulted in disappointing losses; to the underdog New York Jets in overtime in 2005, and to the New England Patriots in 2007, bringing his playoff record to 5–13.
Schottenheimer was abruptly fired by San Diego on February 12, 2007. Reasons for his firing include a strained relationship with general manager A. J. Smith, which reached a breaking point when four assistants (Cam Cameron, Wade Phillips, Rob Chudzinski and Greg Manusky) left for positions with other teams. These coaches all left to pursue higher level opportunities with other teams, which cannot be prevented by the team they are leaving under NFL rules; two of them became head coaches, instead of merely making a lateral move to the same position with another team.
Jim Trotter, of the San Diego Union Tribune, also believes that Schottenheimer's insistence that his brother, Kurt Schottenheimer, replace Phillips as the defensive coordinator further strained the relationship between team president Dean Spanos and Schottenheimer. Spanos had always been against the idea of allowing relatives to be on the same coaching staff, even though Schottenheimer's son Brian was the Chargers' quarterbacks coach. Schottenheimer even went as far to book a flight to San Diego for his brother, Kurt, against Spanos' wishes. This act of defiance increased the gap between Spanos and Schottenheimer.
Dean Spanos released a statement saying "Our fans deserve to know what changed for me over the last month. When I decided to move ahead with Marty Schottenheimer in mid-January, I did so with the expectation that the core of his fine coaching staff would remain intact. Unfortunately, that did not prove to be the case, and the process of dealing with these coaching changes convinced me that we simply could not move forward with such dysfunction between our head coach and general manager. In short, this entire process over the last month convinced me beyond any doubt that I had to act to change this untenable situation and create an environment where everyone at Charger Park would be pulling in the same direction and working at a championship level. I expect exactly that from our entire Charger organization in 2007."
Schottenheimer was still owed $4 million for the final year of his contract, as the firing was "without cause". Schottenheimer was replaced as San Diego head coach by Norv Turner—coincidentally the last full-time head coach the Redskins had before Schottenheimer's arrival. Following the Chargers' subsequent 1–3 start the next season, fans at Qualcomm Stadium voiced their displeasure with the firing by chanting "Marty! Marty! Marty!" In his NFL coaching career, 17 coaches have been hired by teams that previously employed him, and all but the Chargers have a losing record in their post-Schottenheimer eras.
Virginia Destroyers (UFL)
In March 2011, the Virginia Destroyers hired Schottenheimer to be their first head coach and general manager, at the age of 67. In order to lure Schottenheimer to the Destroyers, league majority owner William Hambrecht personally guaranteed he would pay Schottenheimer's $1.1 million salary for the eight-game season. He led the Destroyers to a 4–1 record in the shortened 2011 regular season, earning a playoff berth with home-field advantage in his first season. Schottenheimer's efforts earned him the 2011 United Football League Coach of the Year award. His starting running back, Dominic Rhodes, was also named the MVP of the 2011 UFL season.
On October 21, 2011, the Virginia Destroyers derailed the two-time defending UFL Champion Las Vegas Locomotives 17–3 in the 2011 UFL Championship Game at the Virginia Beach Sportsplex. It was Schottenheimer's first ever championship as a coach.
Schottenheimer abruptly resigned from the Destroyers shortly before the 2012 season, citing discomfort over unspecified issues facing the team that season and the failure of the team to meet also-unspecified conditions for his return. Schottenheimer later sued Hambrecht after not receiving any of the money he was owed.
Soon after being replaced as head coach of the San Diego Chargers, he was hired by ESPN to work as an NFL Insider on the network, returning to a role he had served in between his coaching stints with the Kansas City Chiefs and the Washington Redskins. He has recently been seen on SportsCenter and NFL Live.
Head coaching record
|Team||Year||Regular Season||Post Season|
|Won||Lost||Ties||Win %||Finish||Won||Lost||Win %||Result|
|CLE||1984||4||4||0||.500||3rd in AFC Central||-||-||-||-|
|CLE||1985||8||8||0||.500||1st in AFC Central||0||1||.000||Lost to Miami Dolphins in Divisional Game.|
|CLE||1986||12||4||0||.750||1st in AFC Central||1||1||.500||Lost to Denver Broncos in AFC Championship Game.|
|CLE||1987||10||5||0||.667||1st in AFC Central||1||1||.500||Lost to Denver Broncos in AFC Championship Game.|
|CLE||1988||10||6||0||.625||2nd in AFC Central||0||1||.000||Lost to Houston Oilers in AFC Wild-Card Game.|
|KC||1989||8||7||1||.533||2nd in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|KC||1990||11||5||0||.688||2nd in AFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to Miami Dolphins in Wild Card Game.|
|KC||1991||10||6||0||.625||2nd in AFC West||1||1||.500||Lost to Buffalo Bills in Divisional Game.|
|KC||1992||10||6||0||.625||2nd in AFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to San Diego Chargers in Wild Card Game.|
|KC||1993||11||5||0||.688||1st in AFC West||2||1||.667||Lost to Buffalo Bills in AFC Championship.|
|KC||1994||9||7||0||.563||2nd in AFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to Miami Dolphins in AFC Wild-Card Game.|
|KC||1995||13||3||0||.813||1st in AFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to Indianapolis Colts in AFC Divisional Game.|
|KC||1996||9||7||0||.563||2nd in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|KC||1997||13||3||0||.813||1st in AFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to Denver Broncos in AFC Divisional Game.|
|KC||1998||7||9||0||.438||4th in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|WAS||2001||8||8||0||.500||2nd in NFC East||-||-||-||-|
|SD||2002||8||8||0||.500||3rd in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|SD||2003||4||12||0||.250||4th in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|SD||2004||12||4||0||.750||1st in AFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to New York Jets in AFC Wild-Card Game.|
|SD||2005||9||7||0||.563||3rd in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|SD||2006||14||2||0||.875||1st in AFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to New England Patriots in AFC Divisional Game.|
|VA||2011||4||1||0||.800||1st in UFL||1||0||1.000||Beat Las Vegas Locomotives in UFL Championship Game|
Schottenheimer coaching tree
Schottenheimer was heavily influenced by Lou Saban, his first professional head coach in the American Football League. In turn, several current NFL Head Coaches trace their lineage back to Marty Schottenheimer on his Coaching tree:
Schottenheimer gave many head coaches their first coaching jobs. All of these coaches have coached under Schottenheimer:
- Bill Cowher, Pittsburgh Steelers (1992–2006)
- Gunther Cunningham, Kansas City Chiefs
- Tony Dungy, Tampa Bay Buccaneers (1996–2001), and Indianapolis Colts (2002–2008)
- Lindy Infante, Green Bay Packers (1988–1991), and Indianapolis Colts (1996–1997)
- Mike McCarthy, Green Bay Packers
- Herman Edwards, New York Jets; Kansas City Chiefs
- Cam Cameron, Miami Dolphins
- Wade Phillips, New Orleans Saints; Denver Broncos; Buffalo Bills; Atlanta Falcons; Dallas Cowboys; Houston Texans
- Tony Sparano, Miami Dolphins
- Kurt Schottenheimer, Virginia Destroyers
Schottenheimer's son Brian was the New York Jets offensive coordinator before announcing his intent to leave in January 2012. When the Jets defeated the San Diego Chargers in the 2009 Divisional Playoffs, Jets Head Coach Rex Ryan sent Marty the game ball as a friendly gesture regarding the team that had fired him three years earlier. Brian later became the offensive coordinator for the St. Louis Rams and is currently the offensive coordinator for the Georgia Bulldogs football.
Schottenheimer's younger brother Kurt coached the Green Bay Packers' secondary from 2006 to 2008 before he was fired. Kurt was most recently serving as Marty's successor as head coach with the Virginia Destroyers of the now defunct UFL (this is not reflected in the above tree, which shows only NFL-based relationships).
- List of American Football League players
- List of National Football League head coaches with 50 wins
- List of professional gridiron football coaches with 200 wins
- Marty Ball, conservative coaching philosophy named after Schottenheimer
- Schottenheimer, Martin (Marty). Pennsylvania Center for the Book. Pennsylvania State University.
- "Marty Schottenheimer". San Diego Chargers. January 7, 2015. Archived from the original on January 24, 2007.
- "Marty Schottenheimer coaching record". pro-football-reference.com. Retrieved January 7, 2015.
- "Marty's escape route | The San Diego Union-Tribune". Signonsandiego.com. 2007-02-18. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
- "> San Diego Chargers – Statement from Chargers president Dean Spanos". SignOnSanDiego.com. 2007-02-12. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
- Acee, Kevin (2007-02-13). "> San Diego Chargers – Chargers give Schottenheimer the ax". SignOnSanDiego.com. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
- "The Marty Schottenheimer Effect". National Football League. 2013-01-02. Retrieved 2013-01-21.
- Harris, Joe (October 18, 2012). Marty Schottenheimer Sues UFL Founder. Courthouse News Service. Retrieved October 18, 2012.
- Robinson, Tom (September 20, 2012). Coach: I won't go 'deep into' reasons for leaving Destroyers. The Virginian-Pilot. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
- "Marty Schottenheimer Record, Statistics, and Category Ranks". Pro-Football-Reference.com. 1943-09-23. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
- "Ryan sends game ball from playoff win to Marty Schottenheimer". Nfl.com. 2010-01-21. Retrieved 2010-09-27.