Martyred Intellectuals Day

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Day of the Martyred Intellectuals
A Partial View of Rayerbazar Boddhobhumi-1.JPG
Official name Bengali: শহীদ বুদ্ধিজীবী দিবস Shaheed Buddhijibi Dibôsh'
Observed by Bangladesh
Significance Commemoration of executions of Bengali intellectuals
Date 14 December
Next time 14 December 2018 (2018-12-14)
Frequency Annual

Martyred Intellectuals Day (Bengali: শহীদ বুদ্ধিজীবী দিবস Shaheed Buddhijibi Dibôsh) is observed on 14 December in Bangladesh to commemorate those intellectuals who were killed by Pakistani forces and their collaborators during the 1971 Liberation War, particularly on 25 March and 14 December 1971.[1][2] The killings were undertaken with the goal of annihilating the intellectual class of what was then East Pakistan. Two days after the events of 14 December, on 16 December, Bangladesh became independent through the surrender of Pakistani forces.[3]

History[edit]

The Bangladesh Liberation War against Pakistan began on 26 March 1971, and grew into the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, ending with the victory of Bangladesh on 16 December 1971. On 14 December, sensing imminent defeat, Pakistani forces and their local collaborators—Razakar, Al-Badr and Al-Shams—abducted and killed front-line Bengali intellectuals and professionals in order to cripple the new nation intellectually.[4] Renowned academics, teachers, intellectuals, doctors, engineers, journalists, and other eminent personalities were dragged out of their houses, blindfolded, and killed. Their bodies were dumped in Rayerbazar, Mirpur, and other killing grounds in Dhaka just two days ahead of the final victory of the war.[5]

Memorial[edit]

In memory of those were killed, a memorial known as the Martyred Intellectuals Memorial (Badhya Bhumi Smriti Soudha) was built at Rayer Bazaar in Dhaka.[6]

Martyred Educator (without university) and Lawyers list[7][edit]

District and Division Educator Lawyers
Primary Secondary College
Dhaka District 37 8 10 6
Faridpur District 27 12 4 3
Tangail District 20 7 2
Mymensingh District 46 28 1 2
Dhaka Division 130 55 17 11
Chittagong 39 16 7 1
Chittagong Hill Tracts 9 4 1 1
Sylhet District 19 7 2
Comilla District 45 33 1 4
Noakhali District 26 13 4 2
Chittagonj Division 138 73 13 10
Khulna District 48 15 2 2
Jessore District 55 31 5 4
Barishal District 50 21 4
Patuakhali District 3 1
Kushtia District 28 13 4
Khulna Division 184 81 15 6
Rajshahi District 39 8 3 5
Rangpur District 41 22 9 4
Dinajpur District 50 10 1 2
Bogra District 14 12 2
Pabna District 43 9 1 2
Rajshahi Division 187 61 14 15
Bangladesh 639 270 59 41
Martyred Educator (without university) total = 968
Martyred University teacher total = 21
Martyred Educator total = 989

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rahman, Syedur; Craig Baxter (2002). Historical Dictionary of Bangladesh. Scarecrow Press. p. 196. ISBN 978-8170945888. 
  2. ^ Muazzam Hussain Khan (2012), "Killing of Intellectuals", in Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal, Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh 
  3. ^ http://www.rediff.com/news/2006/dec/20jacob.htm
  4. ^ http://news.oneindia.in/2007/12/14/bangladesh-observes-martyred-intellectual-day-1197628649.html
  5. ^ "DU set to observe Martyred Intellectuals Day, Victory Day". The News Today. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  6. ^ Momen, Abul (2013). Meghna Guhathakurta, Willem van Schende, ed. The Bangladesh Reader: History, Culture, Politics. Duke University Press. p. 403. ISBN 978-0822353188. 
  7. ^ Syed Ali Ahsan (December 16, 1972). বাংলাদেশ: গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ সরকার কর্তৃক প্রকাশিত বিজয় দিবস স্মারক গ্রন্থ (in Bengali). Dhaka: Government of Bangladesh.