Maru

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Maru may refer to:

People[edit]

Places[edit]

Language[edit]

  • In Japanese:
    • maru (まる), meaning circle (◯; Unicode: U+25EF). Unlike Ensō (円相 , "circle"), it is a closed circle, while Enzo may or may not be closed, but both are drawn beginning and ending at the bottom. Conversely, zero - 0 below, strokes from the top around to the top again.
    • maru (まる), meaning "correct"; the opposite of batsu
    • maru (まる), meaning zero (0)Visibly, zero and maru seem interchangeable, but philosophically not the case.
    • maru (丸), synonym for kuruwa, a type of Japanese castle wall
    • Synonym for handakuten, a Japanese diacritical mark ( ) used in kana to change an h to a p
    • A Japanese punctuation mark () for the end-of-sentence fullstop
  • Maru language, one of several languages spoken among the Kachin people in Myanmar/Burma and China

Media and entertainment[edit]

Ships[edit]

  • The word maru is a common suffix to Japanese ship names. See Japanese ship-naming conventions. Notable examples include:
    • Daigo Fukuryū Maru, a fishing vessel exposed to radiation from a US nuclear test in 1954
    • Ehime Maru, a fishing training ship that collided with the USS Greeneville in 2001
    • Hashidate Maru, a Japanese oil tanker converted to factory whaling ship
    • SS Komagata Maru, a Japanese steam liner denied entry to Vancouver, Canada, in 1914
    • SS Montevideo Maru, a Japanese ship sunk in World War II, resulting in the loss of large numbers of Australian prisoners of war and civilians and Australia's worst maritime disaster
    • Nippon Maru, flagship of daimyo Toyotomi Hideyoshi's 16th century fleet
    • Nunobiki Maru, Japanese steamship known mainly for her attempted delivery of arms to the Philippines
    • Nisshin Maru, a Japanese whaling ship involved in collisions with Greenpeace vessels in 1999 and 2006, and with Sea Shepherd ships in 2013
    • No. 23 Nittō Maru, a patrol boat sunk after it encountered the USS Hornet (CV-8), causing the early launch of the Doolittle Raid
    • Ryou-Un Maru, a Japanese fishing boat washed away from her moorings after the 2011 Tōhoku tsunami, and deliberately sunk on 5 April 2012 after entering U.S. waters off the coast of Alaska
    • SS Shin'yō Maru, a cargo ship that served as a hell ship, which transferred prisoners of war during World War II
    • MV Tatsuta Maru, a Japanese troopship sunk in 1943

Other uses[edit]

  • Alternate term for maduvu, a weapon of Indian origin
  • Maru, one of the ragas of the Sikh religion

See also[edit]