Maruja Mallo (5 January 1902 – 6 February 1995) was a Spanish painter. Mallo was born Ana María Gómez González in Viveiro, Galicia, on 5 January 1902. She studied arts in Madrid between 1922 and 1926. In 1928 Mallo's first exhibition was held at the Madrid offices of the journal Revista de Ocidente and the exhibition was praised for its originality and freshness. According to Shirley Mangini '[a]lthough historians of Spanish avant-garde art locate the origins of the movement in the activities of Dalí, Buñuel, García Lorca, and another student at the Residencia, José Bello, Mallo's artistic vision was an important catalyst in the Spanish avant-garde movement." Her paintings of the 1920s represent urban entertainments and sports, composed in complex overlapping arrangements that express the dynamism of modern life. These works, such as La Verbena of 1927, combine sharply defined, smoothly modeled forms with bright colors. Her work became more surrealistic in the early 1930s, and she worked in ceramics during this time as well. Her later works show some influence of Magical Realism and look ahead to Pop art. In 1928 Ortega y Gasset organized her first exhibit, which was a success.
Mallo won a number of prestigious prizes during her life. In 1922 she was awarded the Gold Medal of Merit in the Fine Arts by the Spanish Ministry of Culture. In 1990 Mallo won the Gold Medal of Madrid and in 1991 the Gold Medal of the Xunta de Galicia.
- Mangini, Shirley (2006). "from the Atlantic to the Pacific: Maruja Mallo in Exile". Studies in 20th and 21st Century Literature. 30: 85–106.
- Mangini, Shirley (2006). "From the Atlantic to the Pacific: Maruja Mallo in Exile". Studies in 20th and 21st Century Literature. 30: 86.
- "Maruja Mallo". Spain is Culture.
- Documentary about Maruja Mallo by RTVE
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