Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

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Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Secretary-General Vaiko
Founded 6 May 1994 (24 years ago) (1994-05-06)
Headquarters Thaayagam, Egmore, Chennai
Labour wing Marumalarchi Labour Front
Ideology Social democracy
Political position Centre-left
Alliance National Democratic Alliance (1998-2004, 2014-2014)
United Progressive Alliance (2004-2008)
Makkal Nala Kootani (2015-2016)
Seats in 
0 / 234
Election symbol
MDMK Top.png

Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam English: Renaissance Dravida Progressive Federation; abbreviated as MDMK) is a political party active in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry. It was established by Vaiko in 1994.


Formation of MDMK[edit]

Vaiko was a member of Rajyasabha and a party activist of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam(DMK). Vaiko grew in the party from his student days and actively participated in the party agitations and courted imprisonment several times. He was elected thrice to the Rajya Sabha and attracted the attention of many in parliament. In 1994, he was forced out of the parent body as he was seen as a threat to DMK chief Karunanidhi's son, M.K. Stalin. Vaiko along with some district secretaries announced the decision to start rival DMK ultimately leading to naming of the part as MDMK.

Support to Sri Lankan Tamils[edit]

Vaiko's sympathy for Tamils in Sri Lanka on issues of their human rights issue and the historical genocide of Tamils.

Support to Mullai periyar Dam[edit]

Kerala government was keen in demolishing mullaperiyar dam owing to the safety of the dam and the loss that can occur to people in Kerala on occurrence of a disaster, this dam is the prime source for irrigation for more than 8 districts including Theni. Vaiko led agitation against Kerala government

Split in MDMK[edit]

With the looming possibility of a vote of confidence in Parliament against UPA, two party MPs, L. Ganesan and Gingee N. Ramachandran, claimed that they enjoy the support of the majority of party cadre and decided to pledge support to the UPA government. They later withdrew their claim and joined DMK when it was found that they had forged letters of support of party executives.[1]

Boycott of Assembly Election 2011[edit]

Due to issues in seat sharing, MDMK quit the ADMK Alliance and boycotted the 2011 Assembly elections of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry.

Sanchi Protest[edit]

The MDMK protested the Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa's visit to Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh. Vaiko and his party members traveled to Sanchi. People who traveled through roadways were stopped by the police near Gadchiroli. Some party members tried to reach the spot by rail and air but they were detained by police before reaching Sanchi.[2]

MDMK snap ties with NDA[edit]

The MDMK snapped its ties with BJP, just after six months from 2014 election, accusing the BJP of acting against Tamil Interests, even though the BJP didn't try to assuage the MDMK regarding snapping of ties, which many people attribute to Dr. Swamy's lobbying against MDMK. Earlier in the month, Dr. Swamy of the BJP made a strong pitch against Vaiko accusing him of acting against national interests for his regional political benefits.[3]

Party flag and symbol[edit]

The colour of the top and bottom panel is red and middle panel is black. The election symbol is top. The party has a weekly journal called Sangoli which carries news and write ups for party workers.[4]

Election history[edit]

They contested in many elections and won in a few and boycotted 2011 elections, and despite the UPA alliance in which they were in winning majority seats in Tamil Nadu and all over India in 2004 elections, in 2014 elections they couldn't do the same in Tamil Nadu ,despite their alliance winning the elections in other states. And in 2016 tamil nadu state elections they played a key role in forming the third front, but couldn't even win a single seat made it easier for the ruling AIADMK party to win the elections again by splitting the opposition votes of the government in the event of forming a third front.


  1. ^ "Indian Prez summons PM: Trust vote likely on July 21 or 22, Singh garners enough votes - Asian Tribune". Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  2. ^ "Despite heavy security, MDMK men sneak in Bhopal ahead of Mahinda Rajapaksa's visit". Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  3. ^ "Vaiko's MDMK snaps ties with NDA, hits out at Modi govt - Times of India". Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  4. ^

External links[edit]