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Maruti 800, the model after the 1997 upgrade
|Also called||Suzuki Mehran (PAK)
Suzuki Maruti (EUR)
|Production||1983 – 2013|
|Assembly||Gurgaon, Haryana, India|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||Five-door hatchback|
|Engine||796 cc (0.8 L) F8B MPFI I3 (India)
796 cc (0.8 L) F8B carb. I3 (Pakistan)
|Wheelbase||2,175 mm (85.6 in)|
|Length||3,335 mm (131.3 in)|
|Width||1,440 mm (56.7 in)|
|Successor||Maruti Alto 800 at 796 cc|
Maruti 800 is a small city car that was manufactured by Maruti Suzuki in India from 1983 to 2013. The first generation (SS80) was based on the 1979 Suzuki Fronte and had an 800 cc F8B engine, hence the moniker. Widely regarded as the most influential automobile in India, about 2.87 million 800s were produced during its course of which 2.66 million were sold in India itself.
With over 30 years of production, Maruti 800 remains the second longest production car in India, next only to Hindustan Ambassador.
- 1 History
- 2 Phase-out
- 3 Changes
- 4 Technical specifications
- 5 A few easily visual Japanese OEM components of early('80s) manufactured Maruti Suzuki 800 in India
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
In the 1980s and early 1990s, the name "Maruti" was synonymous with the Maruti 800. It remained the best-selling car in India until 2004, when the Maruti Alto took the title. It was also exported to a number of countries in South Asia including Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka and was also available in Morocco and selected European markets, sold as the Suzuki Maruti. In an elaborate ceremony held in New Delhi on 14 December 1983, then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi handed over keys of the very first car to Mr. Harpal Singh, who won the ownership rights through a lucky draw. The original 800 was based on the Suzuki Fronte SS80, but a modernized aerodynamic version using the body of the second-generation Alto (SB308) was presented in late 1986. The introduction of this car did revolutionize the automotive industry in India. Right from its inception, it was considered as the first affordable people's car, the first modern era front wheel drive and high speed contemporary vehicle. The delivery was against bookings done directly with Maruti Udyog Limited (A Govt. of India undertaking). The proud owner would have to wait for almost 3 years after booking till delivery. Such huge waiting times gave rise to some people indulging into black marketing and earning premiums as much as 40%. Cars produced during the early years were essentially Suzuki OEM components imported from Japan and merely assembled by Maruti Udyog Limited at Gurgaon plant.
Maruti Suzuki had begun a phase-out of Maruti 800 beginning in April 2010. Maruti Suzuki did not have plans to upgrade it to Euro IV or BS IV emission norms. Starting in April 2010, Maruti halted sales of the car in 13 major cities: the four metros of Chennai, Delhi, Kolkatta, Mumbai and 9 other cities including Kanpur, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Pune, Ahmedabad, Agra and Surat, where the law made it mandatory for the vehicles sold to be Euro IV compliant.
Another reason cited was the relatively outdated model's declining sales. Maruti 800 sales were down by 3.7% in April 2010, when compared with April 2009. Total sales of Maruti 800 was 33028 for the period April 2009 to March 2010. The Indian Automobile industry is the seventh largest in the world, with an annual production of over 4 million vehicles and exports of about 600,000. In 2009, India emerged as Asia's fourth largest exporter of automobiles, behind Japan, South Korea and Thailand.
After a full model change in 1986, the 800 has undergone some minor face-lifts but overall it still remains the same as it was on introduction. The car has reported slipping sales in recent times, mainly due to the introduction of the Alto at a comparable price. The car produces approximately 37 bhp (28 kW; 38 PS) of power and runs on 12 inch wheels. Curb weight is 650 kg (1,433 lb) and four passengers (including the driver) fit in. Maruti Suzuki had earlier launched a version with a four-valve version of the engine producing 45 bhp (34 kW; 46 PS), coupled with a five-speed manual transmission (currently found in the Suzuki Alto) but discontinued it after a couple of years.
A Euro III emission-compliant version of the car was released in 2005 to meet Indian emissions regulations. An LPG version of the vehicle was also released in 2008. As of September 2009, the company has yet to reach a decision regarding the manufacture of a Euro IV-compliant version of the vehicle because it would increase the retail price. However even stricter emissions regulations which come into effect by April 2010, would mandate Euro IV compliance in major Indian cities including Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad and Bangalore and 2015–2016 for the remainder of the country. By 2005, Maruti had planned to phase out the 800 around 2010. but it was still on sale in October 2011. Its main competitor is the cheaper Tata Nano (123,000 compared to 184,641 rupees) which has an 8 percent smaller exterior size and a noisier engine with less torque. But in 2011, Maruti Suzuki declared to relaunch Maruti 800 compliant Euro IV emission norms to tap the small car market directly competing Tata Nano.
Dimensions and weights
- Overall length: 3,335 mm (131.3 in)
- Overall width: 1,440 mm (56.7 in)
- Overall height: 1,405 mm (55.3 in)
- Wheelbase: 2,175 mm (85.6 in)
- Ground clearance: 160 mm (6.3 in)
- Curb weight: 650 kg (1,433 lb)
- Gross vehicle weight: 2,000 kg (4,409 lb)
- Seating capacity: 5 people maximum
- Fuel tank capacity: 28 L (7.4 US gal)
- Engine oil : ~2.7 Lt including oil filter
- Transmission oil: ~2 Lt
- Coolant: 3.6 Lt
- Windscreen Washer Fluid: 1.75 Lt
- Maximum speed: 140 km/h (87 mph)
- 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph): 20 seconds
- Mileage highway: 19.1 km/l (5.2 l/100 km; 45 mpg-US)
- Mileage city: 15.1 km/l (6.6 l/100 km; 36 mpg-US)
- Mileage overall: 17.5 km/l (5.7 l/100 km; 41 mpg-US)
- Engine model: F8
- Displacement: 796 cc (49 cu in)
- Valves per cylinder: 2
- Number of cylinders: 3 inline
- Fuel type: Petrol
- Power: 40 BHP at 5500 rpm
- Rpm limiter
- Recommended engine oil(non-mpfi 1st & 2nd gen): 20w40 mineral
- Transmission type: Manual
- Gears: four-speed gearbox, 5-speed gearbox (limited edition)
- Front suspension: MacPherson strut and coil spring
- Rear suspension: Coil spring with gas-filled shock absorbers
- Steering type: Rack and pinion
- Minimum turning radius: 4.42 m (14.5 ft)
- Front brakes: Disk
- Rear brakes: Drum
- Break mechanism: Hydraulic
Wheels and tyres
- Tyres (radial optional): 145/75 R12,
A few easily visual Japanese OEM components of early('80s) manufactured Maruti Suzuki 800 in India
- "Maruti 800 :: Maruti 800". Retrieved 2009-10-29.
- "PakWheels.com :: Suzuki Mehran 2005". Retrieved 2009-04-24.
- "Maruti Suzuki stops production of iconic 800". livemint.com. 2014-02-07. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
- "End of the road for India's beloved Maruti 800". HT. 2014-02-08. Retrieved 2014-02-09.
- "Maruti 800 price, Maruti 800 Reviews". CarGallery.in. Retrieved 2009-11-20.
- "Maruti suzuki to sales in April 2010". Retrieved 2010-05-10.
- "SIAM statistics". SIAM.
- Nair, Vipin V. (2009-09-07). "Suzuki, Hyundai's Indian Car Exports Beat China's". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2010-09-01.
- "New-look Maruti 800 to cost more; Euro III version being rolled out". Hindu Business Line.
- "Maruti mulls smarter, greener 800". financialexpress.com. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
- Sirish. "Tata Nano First Drive at Overdrive". Overdrive (magazine). Retrieved 2009-03-24.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maruti 800.|
|Maruti Suzuki road car timeline, Indian market, 1980s–present|
|City car||800||800||Alto 800|
|Compact car||1000||Baleno||Swift DZire|
|Grand Vitara XL7||Grand Vitara|