Maruti Suzuki Zen

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Maruti Suzuki Zen (MH 410)
1993 Maruti Zen 001.jpg
Overview
Production1993–2006
AssemblyGurgaon, Haryana, India
Body and chassis
ClassCity car (A)
Body style5-door hatchback
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
RelatedSuzuki Cervo (JP)
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,335 mm (91.9 in)
Length3,495–3,535 mm (137.6–139.2 in)
Width1,495 mm (58.9 in)
Height1,405 mm (55.3 in)
Chronology
SuccessorMaruti Suzuki Estilo/Zen Estilo

The Maruti Suzuki Zen is a 5-door hatchback produced and sold in India by Suzuki's Indian subsidiary Maruti Suzuki from 1993 until 2006; it is a widened version of the Suzuki Cervo Mode. The word "ZEN" is an acronym standing for Zero Engine Noise. It also stands for the Japanese word "Zen" which means 'Complete'. The Indian-built Zen was also exported to other countries as the Suzuki Alto.

First generation[edit]

Based on the Suzuki Cervo Mode, the first generation Maruti Suzuki Zen was introduced on 21 May 1993 (MH410). While it looks very similar to the Cervo Mode, it has a lot of unique sheetmetal as it is ten centimeters longer and ten wider. In Europe and many other export markets, the car sold as the Suzuki Alto. Zen used an all aluminium engine Suzuki G10B engine which produced 50 BHP of power at around 6000 RPM. Also the Zen which was sold as Suzuki Alto 1.0 in Europe came with a detuned G10B 8-valve engine which produces 54 PS (40 kW) at 5500 rpm and 77 N⋅m (57 lb⋅ft) of torque at 4500 rpm. The engine head & above spares are exactly identical to the Zen Carburettor Euro 1 model.

There was a minor facelift in 1997 with body coloured bumpers. In 1999, Zen Classic with retro looking front and rear was launched, but was soon discontinued due to lack of demand.

In 2000, Maruti introduced the MPFI engine with 4 valves per cylinder. Power output went up by 10 HP to 60 BHP. Its cost (of the Zen LX model) was around Rs 3,40,000 in India. A diesel version of Zen was launched in 1998 with the Peugeot's TUD5 (PSA TU engine) engine. This model did not sell well and was discontinued. In 2004 Zen underwent a facelift with new body which was called Zen Tiger.

The Zen underwent a facelift in 2003. A three-door version of the Zen in VXi segment was launched, priced at 5.0 Lakh (ex-showroom, New Delhi). It was only available in Black (Zen Carbon) 300 nos or Silver (Zen Steel) 300 nos, cars. In 2006 the second generation (Zen Tiger) was discontinued.

Second generation[edit]

The second generation Maruti Suzuki Zen, called the Zen Estilo was introduced in December 2006[1][2] as a part of Maruti Suzuki's Indian market strategy to launch a new car annually for the next five years. The Zen Estilo had the same engine and chassis as the Maruti Wagon R; both being based on the Suzuki MR Wagon (Nissan Moco).[3] The pricing was also nearly the same as the Wagon R. The Maruti Suzuki Alto (model prior to Alto K10), Wagon R (till Aug 2010) and the new Zen Estilo all shared the same chassis. In 2009, along with a minor facelift, Maruti Suzuki dropped the Zen branding from the name.

Reception[edit]

The Zen was a very successful model for Maruti Suzuki both in India and abroad. It was called India's first world car and was exported to Europe as early as 1994. Besides being exported to Europe from 1994 to 2004, it has also been exported to several other countries. The Zen quickly became a hit with the Indian Racing Scene with highly modified versions of the 993 cc G10B engine topping 100+ Bhp.

The Zen was the first fun to drive hatchback in the Indian market. It was a driver oriented car with low seating and go kart like handling. The car was very reliable and it is possible to find many good examples of Zen still in use. The Zen still commands a relatively high resale value on the second hand market.

Technical specifications[edit]

Trim levels at launch badged as MH410 later as LX, LXi, VXi and D,Di The Maruti Suzuki Zen has a four-cylinder in-line all aluminium engine mounted transverse and using carburettor/MPFI and unleaded petrol. The valvetrain is 4 valves/cyl, SOHC with a displacement of 993 cc. Max Power is 60.9 PS (45 kW; 60 hp) at 6000 rpm and max torque is 78.48 N⋅m (57.88 lb⋅ft) @4500 rpm. It has a 5 speed manual transmission.

  • Bore x Stroke: 72.0 mm (2.8 in) x 61.0 mm (2.4 in)
    Comp Ratio: 9.4 (+/- 0.2):1
    Drivetrain
  • Front brakes: 182 mm (7.2 in) disc
    Rear: 180 mm (7.1 in) drum
    Type: Hydraulic, vacuum assisted
    Wheels F/R: 4Jx13,4.5Jx13 (carbon/steel) and 4Jx12”
    Tyres: 145/70/R13 (Earlier Petrol and Diesel variant) and 145/80/R12 (Petrol variant)
    In Zen 155/65/13, Measurements are best to upsize tyres in petrol and diesel variant too (not touches the body of car from top while there is load in car and sides while turning the steering and there is no need to make changes in suspension system) and not effects the mileage
  • Steering: Rack and pinion, Hydraulic Power assist
    Turning circle dial: 3.9 m (13 ft)
    Turns lock to lock: 9.8
    Suspension:
    Front: Independent, MacPherson strut, coil springs
    Rear: 3 link rigid axle with isolated trailing arm, coil spring and gas filled shock absorbers

    General data
    Kerb weight: 765 kg (1,687 lb)
    Wheelbase: 2,335 mm (91.9 in)
    Track (F/R) 1335/1305 mm
    L/W/H: 3465/1495/1405 mm
    Ground clearance: 165 mm (6.5 in)
    Accommodation
    Seating capacity: 5
    Head Room, F/R 952/930 mm
    Leg room, F max/min 1170/990 mm
    Leg room, R max/min 750/610 mm
    Knee room, F max/min 750/610 mm
    Knee room, R max/min 840/650 mm
    Shoulder space 1,270 mm (50.0 in)

    Fuel economy
    Overall:+ 14 kmpl
    City: 12.0 kmpl ( with AC )
    Highway: 16.21 kmpl
    Worst: 10.9 kmpl
    Fuel Tank Capacity: 35 litres
    Range: 528.5 km
    + is 75% city driving and 25% highway driving

    Braking
    Minimum Stopping Distance
    From 100 km/h 54.33 m/3.73 s
    From 80 km/h 28.11 m/2.59 s

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Zen Estilo starts at Rs 3.2 lakh". The Economic Times. Times Internet Limited. 2006-12-06. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  2. ^ Kapur, Mansi (2007-01-17). "Maruti steps on gas for final showdown". The Times of India. Times Internet Limited. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  3. ^ Muralidhar, S. (2006-12-03). "Zen Estilo: Japanese simplicity, European chic". The Hindu Business Line. The Hindu Group. Retrieved 2007-01-18.

External links[edit]