Maruti Zen

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Maruti Suzuki Zen
1993 Maruti Zen 001.jpg
Overview
Production1993–2006
AssemblyManesar, Haryana, India
Body and chassis
ClassSubcompact Car
Body style5-door hatchback
LayoutFront engine, front-wheel drive
RelatedSAIPA 141 DLX (sedan, IR)
SAIPA Saba (IR)
Suzuki Cervo (JP)
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,335 mm (91.9 in)
Length3,495–3,535 mm (137.6–139.2 in)
Width1,495 mm (58.9 in)
Height1,405 mm (55.3 in)
Chronology
SuccessorMaruti Estilo/Zen Estilo
Maruti Zen

The Maruti Zen was a 5-door hatchback produced and sold in India by Suzuki's Indian subsidiary Maruti Suzuki. It has acquired significant popularity in India since the nameplate was first introduced in 1993. The word "ZEN" is an acronym standing for Zero Engine Noise. It also stands for the Japanese word "Zen" which means 'Complete'.

First generation[edit]

Based on the Suzuki Cervo Mode, the first generation Maruti Zen was introduced in 1993 (MH410). While it looks very similar to the Cervo Mode, it has a lot of unique sheetmetal as it is ten centimeters longer and ten wider. In Europe and many other export markets, the car sold as the Suzuki Alto. Zen used an all aluminium engine Suzuki G10B engine which produced 50 BHP of power at around 6000 RPM. There was a minor face lift in 1997 with body coloured bumpers and updated dials. In 1999 Zen Classic with retro looking front and rear was launched but was soon discontinued due to lack of demand.

Second generation[edit]

In 2000 Maruti introduced the MPFI engine with 4 valves per cylinder. Power output went up by 10 HP to 60 BHP. Its cost (of the Zen LX model) was around Rs 3,40,000 in India. In 2000, a diesel version of Zen was launched with the Peugeot's TUD5 (PSA TU engine) engine. This model did not sell well and was discontinued.

The Zen underwent a facelift in 2003. In 2003, a three-door sports version of the Zen in VXi segment was launched, priced at 4.0 Lakh (ex-showroom, New Delhi). It was only available in Black (Zen Carbon) 300 nos or Silver (Zen Steel)300 nos, total 600 cars.

Third Generation[edit]

The third generation Maruti Zen, called Zen Estilo was introduced in December 2006[1][2] as a part of Maruti Suzuki's Indian market strategy to launch a new car annually for the next five years. The Zen Estillo had the same engine and chassis as the Maruti Wagon R; both being based on the Suzuki MR Wagon (Nissan Moco).[3] The pricing was also nearly the same as the Wagon R. The Maruti Alto (model prior to Alto K10), Wagon R (till Aug 2010) and the new Zen Estilo all shared the same chassis. In 2009, along with a minor face-lift, Maruti dropped Zen from the name.

Reception[edit]

Zen was a very successful model for Maruti both in India and outside. It was called India's first world car and was exported to Europe as early as 1994. The Zen quickly became a hit with the Indian Racing Scene with highly modified versions of the 993 cc G10B engine topping 100+ Bhp.

The Zen was the first fun to drive hatchback. It was a driver oriented car with low seating and go kart like handling. The car was very reliable and it is possible to find many good examples of Zen still in use. The Zen still commands a relatively high resale value on the second hand market.

Technical specifications[edit]

The Maruti Zen has a four-cylinder in-line all aluminium engine mounted transverse and using carburettor/MPFI and unleaded petrol. The valvetrain is 4 valves/cyl, SOHC with a displacement of 993 cc. Max Power is 60.9 PS (45 kW; 60 hp) at 6000 rpm and max torque is 78.48 N⋅m (57.88 lb⋅ft) @4500 rpm. It has a 5 speed manual transmission.

Bore x Stroke: 72.0 mm (2.8 in) x 61.0 mm (2.4 in)
Comp Ratio: 9.4(+/- 0.2):1
Drivetrain

Brakes Front: 182 mm (7.2 in) drum
Rear: 180 mm (7.1 in) drum
Type: Hydraulic, vacuum assisted
Wheels F/R:4Jx13 and 4Jx12”
Tyres: 145/70 13 and R145/80 R12
Steering: Rack and pinion, Hydraulic Power assist
Turning circle dia: 3.9 m (13 ft)
Turns lock to lock: 9.8
Suspension:
Front: Independent, MacPherson strut, coil springs
Rear: 3link rigid axle with isolated trailing arm, coil spring and gas filled shock absorbers

General data
Kerb weight: 765 kg (1,687 lb)
Wheelbase: 2,335 mm (91.9 in)
Track(F/R) 1335/1305 mm
L/W/H: 3465/1495/1405 mm
Ground clearance: 165 mm (6.5 in)
Accommodation
Seating capacity: 5
Head Room, F/R 952/930 mm
Leg room, F max/min 1170/990 mm
Leg room, R max/min 750/610 mm
Knee room, F max/min 750/610 mm
Knee room, R max/min 840/650 mm
Shoulder space 1,270 mm (50.0 in)

Fuel economy
Overall:+ 14 kmpl
City: 12.0 kmpl ( with AC )
Highway: 16.21 kmpl
Worst: 10.9 kmpl
Fuel Tank Capacity: 35 litres
Range: 528.5 km
+ is 75% city driving and 25% highway driving

Braking
Minimum Stopping Distance
From 100 km/h 54.33 m/3.73 s
From 80 km/h 28.11 m/2.59 s


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Zen Estilo starts at Rs 3.2 lakh". The Economic Times. Times Internet Limited. 2006-12-06. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  2. ^ Kapur, Mansi (2007-01-17). "Maruti steps on gas for final showdown". The Times of India. Times Internet Limited. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  3. ^ Muralidhar, S. (2006-12-03). "Zen Estilo: Japanese simplicity, European chic". The Hindu Business Line. The Hindu Group. Retrieved 2007-01-18.

External links[edit]


[1]

  1. ^ MAT 3 EYE 31 SOO ENGINE G10 BIN