Marvel Graphic Novel
Marvel Graphic Novel (MGN) was a series of graphic novel trade paperbacks published from 1982 to 1993 by Marvel Comics. The books were published in an oversized format, 8.5" x 11", similar to French albums. In response, DC Comics established a competitor line known as DC Graphic Novel.
The decision to launch the line was made in late 1979, after strong sales reports for the summer. Marvel editor-in-chief Jim Shooter envisioned the "books as being in the format of European albums, with cardboard covers, full-color, slick pages." In September 1980, Shooter indicated the line was delayed because of complications in putting together the contracts, which he was drafting in consultation with Marvel attorneys. In early 1981, Marvel hired Michael Z. Hobson away from Scholastic Books to be Vice-President/Publishing. His expertise in writing author contracts, which was greater than Shooter's, was a key reason. A few months later, contracts with writer/artist Jim Starlin were finalized for The Death of Captain Marvel and Dreadstar.
The Death of Captain Marvel, the first book in the line, was published in January 1982. Marvel numbered stories through 1985 up to number 20, but released many other stories in the same format that are considered unnumbered parts of the series according to the Official Overstreet Comic Book Price Guide. Overstreet continued counting beyond the original "official" numbering, following a Marvel-published list of graphic novels. When the list stopped being published, Overstreet stopped trying to number the issues, halting at issue 38, although they list 29 more issues published from 1983 through 1991, although the list is known not to include every graphic novel from this period.
The line was divided evenly between author-owned and company-owned titles. Several characters were featured in an issue of Marvel Graphic Novel before receiving their own miniseries or ongoing series. The most successful of these was the New Mutants which ran for 100 issues. Other series which were spun off from a Marvel Graphic Novel are Dreadstar, Void Indigo, Starstruck, and the Swords of the Swashbucklers. In addition, Star Slammers had a miniseries published by Malibu Comics and Futurians was a short lived title published by Lodestone Comics.
List of graphic novels in the Marvel Graphic Novel line
|1||The Death of Captain Marvel||1982||Jim Starlin|
|2||Elric: The Dreaming City||1982||Michael Moorcock
|P. Craig Russell|
|4||The New Mutants||1982||Chris Claremont||Bob McLeod||first appearance of the New Mutants|
|5||X-Men: God Loves, Man Kills||1982||Chris Claremont||Brent Anderson||elements of this story are used in the X2: X-Men United film|
|6||Star Slammers||1983||Walt Simonson|
|7||Killraven: Warrior of the Worlds||1983||Don McGregor||P. Craig Russell|
|8||Super Boxers||August 1983||Ron Wilson
|9||The Futurians||1983||Dave Cockrum|
|11||Void Indigo||1983||Steve Gerber||Val Mayerik|
|12||Dazzler: The Movie||1984||Jim Shooter||Frank Springer|
|13||Starstruck: The Luckless, the Abandoned and Forsaked||1984||Elaine Lee||Michael Kaluta||collection of the Starstruck stories serialized in Heavy Metal|
|14||The Swords of the Swashbucklers||October 1984||Bill Mantlo||Jackson Guice|
|15||The Raven Banner (A Tale of Asgard)||1984||Alan Zelenetz||Charles Vess|
|16||The Aladdin Effect||1985||David Michelinie||Greg LaRocque||features Storm, She-Hulk, Tigra, and the Wasp|
|17||Revenge of the Living Monolith||June 1985||David Michelinie||Marc Silvestri
|18||The Sensational She-Hulk||1985||John Byrne||John Byrne
|19||Conan the Barbarian: The Witch Queen of Acheron||1985||Don Kraar||Gary Kwapisz|
|20||Greenberg the Vampire||1985||J. M. DeMatteis||Mark Badger|
|21||Marada the She-Wolf||1985||Chris Claremont||John Bolton||collects material originally serialized in Epic Illustrated #10-12|
|22||Amazing Spider-Man: Hooky||1986||Susan K. Putney||Bernie Wrightson|
|23||Doctor Strange: Into Shamballa||1986||J. M. DeMatteis
|24||Daredevil: Love and War||1986||Frank Miller||Bill Sienkiewicz|
|25||Alien Legion: A Grey Day to Die||1986||Carl Potts
|26||Dracula: A Symphony in Moonlight & Nightmares||1986||Jon J Muth|
|27||Emperor Doom||1987||David Michelinie||Bob Hall||features the Avengers|
|28||Conan the Reaver||1987||Don Kraar||John Severin|
|29||The Incredible Hulk and the Thing: The Big Change||1987||Jim Starlin||Bernie Wrightson|
|30||A Sailor's Story||1987||Sam Glanzman||biographical story about Sam Glanzman's service aboard the USS Stevens (DD-479) during World War II|
|31||Wolfpack||1987||Larry Hama||Ron Wilson|
|32||Death of Groo||1987||Mark Evanier||Sergio Aragones|
|33||The Mighty Thor: I, Whom The Gods Would Destroy||1988||Jim Shooter
|34||Cloak and Dagger: Predator and Prey||1988||Bill Mantlo||Larry Stroman|
|35||The Shadow: Hitler's Astrologer||1988||Dennis O'Neil||Michael Kaluta
|36||Willow: Movie Adaptation||1988||Mary Jo Duffy||Bob Hall
|37||Hercules Prince of Power: Full Circle||1988||Bob Layton|
|38||Silver Surfer: Judgment Day||1988||Stan Lee||John Buscema|
|39||The Inhumans||1988||Ann Nocenti||Bret Blevins|
- Essential Killraven includes Marvel Graphic Novel #7: "Killraven: Warrior of the Worlds", 504 pages, July 2005, ISBN 978-0785117773
- Essential Dazzler Vol. 2 includes Marvel Graphic Novel #12: "Dazzler: The Movie", 688 pages, April 2009, ISBN 978-0785137306
- Women of Marvel: Celebrating Seven Decades includes Marvel Graphic Novel #12: "Dazzler: The Movie", #16 "The Aladdin Effect", and #18 "The Sensational She-Hulk", 1,160 pages, January 2011, ISBN 978-0785143260
- Spider-Man: The Graphic Novels collects Marvel Graphic Novel #22: "The Amazing Spider-Man: Hooky", The Amazing Spider-Man: Parallel Lives, The Amazing Spider-Man: Spirits of the Earth, and Spider-Man: Fear Itself, 280 pages, June 2012, ISBN 978-0785160656
Marvel Original Graphic Novel
In 2013, Marvel started publishing a new line of graphic novels titled Marvel Original Graphic Novel or Marvel OGN.
|Avengers: Endless Wartime||2013||Warren Ellis||Mike McKone||ISBN 978-0785184676||Features the Avengers against an ancient enemy from Thor's past.|
|Amazing Spider-Man: Family Business||2014||Mark Waid
|ISBN 978-0785184409||Revolves around Peter Parker, not Spider-Man, being targeted by a vengeful Kingpin. As Parker combats the threat, he is helped by a woman who claims to be his long-lost sister, Teresa.|
|X-Men: No More Humans||Mike Carey||Salvador Larroca||ISBN 978-0785154020||Features the aftermath of the "Battle of the Atom" event.|
|Thanos: The Infinity Revelation||Jim Starlin||ISBN 978-0785184706||Features the return of Adam Warlock.|
|Avengers: Rage of Ultron||2015||Rick Remender||Jerome Opeña||ISBN 978-0785190400||Explores the early relationship between Hank Pym and Ultron and features two generations of the Avengers.|
|Thanos: The Infinity Relativity||Jim Starlin||ISBN 978-0785193036||Adam Warlock, the Guardians of the Galaxy, the Silver Surfer, Gladiator, and the reunited Infinity Watch join together to thwart the threat of Annihilus.|
|Thanos: The Infinity Finale||2016||Jim Starlin||Ron Lim||ISBN 978-0785193050||Concludes Starlin's Infinity trilogy.|
|The Unbeatable Squirrel Girl: Beats Up the Marvel Universe||Ryan North||Erica Henderson||ISBN 978-1302903039|
|Deadpool: Bad Blood||Chris Sims||Rob Liefeld||ISBN 978-1302901530||The return of Rob Liefeld to Marvel, with a new Deadpool story featuring Cable and Domino.|
- Marvel Graphic Novel at the Grand Comics Database
- "Newswatch: 'Spectacular' Sales Prompt New Projects". The Comics Journal. Stamford, Connecticut: Fantagraphics Books (52): 7–8. December 1979.
- Groth, Gary (November 1980). "Pushing Marvel into the '80s: An Interview with Jim Shooter". The Comics Journal. Stamford, Connecticut: Fantagraphics Books (60): 80–107.
- "Newswatch: Michael Z. Hobson Named Marvel V.P./Publishing". The Comics Journal. Stamford, Connecticut: Fantagraphics Books (62): 13. March 1981.
- Howe, Sean (2012). "Trouble Shooter". Marvel Comics The Untold Story. New York, New York: HarperCollins. p. 237. ISBN 978-0061992100.
- DeFalco, Tom; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2008). "1980s". Marvel Chronicle A Year by Year History. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 207. ISBN 978-0756641238.
- DeFalco "1980s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 209: "Since the first three Marvel Graphic Novels had sold so well, Marvel decided to launch the new series The New Mutants in the same format."
- Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1980s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 150. ISBN 978-0756692360.
In this story written by David Michelinie and drawn by Marc Silvestri, Spider-Man was recruited by Captain America into battle with a giant living monolith of Egyptian origins to prevent the creature from destroying the entire city.
- Manning "1980s" in Gilbert (2012), p. 156: "Writer Susan K. Putney and artist Bernie Wrightson delivered a memorable graphic novel that removed Spider-Man from his usual urban setting and placed him in a fantasy world of magic and mysticism."
- Phegley, Kiel (June 12, 2013). "Warren Ellis Readies Avengers: Endless Wartime". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on August 7, 2014.
- Truitt, Brian (June 17, 2013). "Spider-Man gets a sister in 2014's 'Family Business'". USA Today. Archived from the original on November 16, 2014.
- Dietsch, T.J. (July 25, 2014). "SDCC 2014: Avengers: Rage of Ultron". Marvel Comics. Archived from the original on October 16, 2016.
- Morse, Ben (November 19, 2014). "Jim Starlin Returns with Thanos: The Infinity Relativity". Marvel Comics. Archived from the original on November 22, 2014.
- Morse, Ben (July 2, 2015). "Jim Starlin Gives Thanos a Finale". Marvel Comics. Archived from the original on October 16, 2016.
- Arrant, Chris (November 11, 2015). "Liefeld Working On New Deadpool Book With X-Men '92 Writers". Newsarama. Archived from the original on November 15, 2015.
- The Definitive Graphic Novels List by Bob Rozakis (Note: Rozakis uses a different numbering from Overstreet on MGN #32-35.)