Marwan I

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Marwan I
مروان بن الحكم
Caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate
Reign June 684 – 12 April 685
Predecessor Muawiya II
Successor Abd al-Malik
Born 28 March 623
At-Ta'if, Arabia,
Died 12 April 685 (aged 62)
Issue Abd al-Malik, Abd al-Aziz, Muhammad
Full name
Marwan ibn al-Hakam
Dynasty Umayyad
Father Hakam ibn Wa'il

Marwan ibn al-Hakam ibn Abu al-'As ibn Umayyah (Arabic: مروان بن الحكم بن ابو العاص بن أمية‎‎; March 28, 623 – 7 May, 685) a Sahaba and also was the fourth Umayyad Caliph; he succeeded Muawiya II, who abdicated in 684. He was the cousin of Uthman ibn Affan, the third of the Rashidun caliphs. Marwan's ascension pointed to a shift in the lineage of the Umayyad dynasty from descendants of Abu Sufyan (the "Sufyanids") to those of Hakam (the "Marwanids"), both of whom were grandsons of Umayya (for whom the Umayyad dynasty is named). Hakam was also the uncle of Uthman ibn Affan.

His family tree[edit]


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quraysh tribe
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
 
 
 
 
 
Ātikah bint Murrah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
‘Abd Shams
 
Barra
 
Muṭṭalib
 
Hala
 
Hashim
 
Salma bint Amr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Umayya ibn Abd Shams
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
‘Abd al-Muttalib
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Harb
 
 
 
Abu al-'As
 
 
 
 
ʿĀminah
 
ʿAbd Allāh
 
Abî Ṭâlib
 
Hamza
 
Al-‘Abbas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ʾAbī Sufyān ibn Harb
 
Al-Hakam
 
 
Affan ibn Abi al-'As
 
 
MUHAMMAD
(Family tree)
 
Khadija bint Khuwaylid
 
`Alî ibn Abî Ṭâlib
 
Khawlah bint Ja'far
 
ʿAbd Allâh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muʿāwiyah
 
Marwan I
 
 
Uthman ibn Affan
 
 
Ruqayyah
 
Fatima Zahra
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
 
ʿAli bin ʿAbd Allâh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yazid I
 
 
 
Uthman ibn Abu-al-Aas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hasan ibn Ali
 
Husayn bin Ali
(Family tree)
 
al-Mukhtār ibn Abī ‘Ubayd Allah al-Thaqafī
(Abû‘Amra`Kaysan’îyyah)
 
Muhammad "al-Imâm" (Abbasids)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Status as Sahaba[edit]

Despite being controversial figure and his being remembered for killing the Prophet's companion Talhah, Marwan bin Hakam was accepted as Sahaba generally by Islamic scholarly consensus as evidenced by a reprimand from scholar of Nahdletul Ulema from Indonesia regarding some Muslim figures such as Marwan as one of the topic. which he give Marwan the honorific title of Radhi Allahu Anhu(RA),[1] which common honorific title of Sahaba or Tabi'un.[2]

Another evidence according to fiqh were there are hadiths which transmitting was traced to Marwan which is compiled by Sahih Bukhari[3][4] and Tirmidhi.[5] as it is the nature to the ruling of Hadith transmission by Sahaba was explained by Haji gibril that Consensus among Ahl al-Sunna that the Sahaba are all of the highest probity which inhibiting the first chain of narration[6]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Marwan I
Born: March 28, 623 Died: May 7, 685
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Muawiyah II
Caliph of Islam
Umayyad Caliph
684 – May 7, 685
Succeeded by
Abd al-Malik
Political offices
Preceded by
Said ibn al-As
Governor of Madina
679–681
Succeeded by
Walid ibn Utbah ibn Abi Sufyan
Preceded by
Said ibn al-As
Governor of Madina
674–677
Succeeded by
Said ibn al-As
Preceded by
?
Governor of Madina
662–669
Succeeded by
Said ibn al-As