Marwan I

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Marwan I
مروان بن الحکم
4th Caliph of the Umayyad dynasty
Umayyad Caliph in Damascus
Reign 684–685
Predecessor Muawiya II
Successor Abd al-Malik
Born March 28, 623
At-Ta'if, Arabia
Died May 7, 685
Issue Abd al-Malik, Abd al-Aziz, Muhammad
Full name
Marwan ibn al-Hakam
Dynasty Umayyad
Father Hakam ibn Wa'il

Marwan ibn al-Hakam ibn Abu al-'As ibn Umayyah (623 – 7 May 685) (Arabic: مروان بن الحكم بن ابو العاص بن أمية‎) a Sahaba and also was the fourth Umayyad Caliph; he succeeded Muawiya II, who abdicated in 684. He was the cousin of Uthman ibn Affan, the third of the Rashidun caliphs. Marwan's ascension pointed to a shift in the lineage of the Umayyad dynasty from descendants of Abu Sufyan (the "Sufyanids") to those of Hakam (the "Marwanids"), both of whom were grandsons of Umayya (for whom the Umayyad dynasty is named). Hakam was also the uncle of Uthman ibn Affan.


During the "Battle of the Camel" Marwan ibn al-Hakam is said to have shot his general Talhah with an arrow to the thigh, resulting in his death. Marwan killed Talhah in revenge for his alleged betrayal of the third Caliph, Uthman. He was removed from this position by Ali, only to be reappointed by Muawiya I. Marwan was eventually removed from the city when Abdullah ibn Zubayr rebelled against Yazid I. From here, Marwan went to Damascus, where he was made the caliph after Muawiya II abdicated.

Marwan's short reign was marked by a civil war among the Syrian Arabs as well as a war against Abdullah ibn Zubayr who continued to rule over the Hejaz, Iraq, Egypt and parts of Syria. Marwan was able to prevail in Syria at the Battle of Marj Rahit, the result of which was a new Marwanid line of Umayyad caliphs. He was also able to recapture Egypt and Syria from Abdullah, but was not able to completely defeat him.

His family tree[edit]

Quraysh tribe
Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
Ātikah bint Murrah
‘Abd Shams
Salma bint Amr
Umayya ibn Abd Shams
‘Abd al-Muttalib
Abu al-'As
ʿAbd Allāh
Abî Ṭâlib
ʾAbī Sufyān ibn Harb
Affan ibn Abi al-'As
(Family tree)
Khadija bint Khuwaylid
`Alî al-Mûrtdhā
Khawlah bint Ja'far
ʿAbd Allâh
Marwan I
Uthman ibn Affan
Fatima Zahra
Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
ʿAli bin ʿAbd Allâh
Yazid I
Uthman ibn Abu-al-Aas
Hasan al-Mûjtabâ
Husayn bin Ali
(Family tree)
al-Mukhtār ibn Abī ‘Ubayd Allah al-Thaqafī
Muhammad "al-Imâm" (Abbasids)

Status as Sahaba[edit]

Despite being controversial figure and his being remembered for killing Talha, Marwan bin Hakam was accepted as Sahaba generally by Islamic scholarly consensus as evidenced by a reprimand from scholar of Nahdletul Ulema from Indonesia regarding some Muslim figures such as Marwan as one of the topic. which he give Marwan the honorific title of Radhi Allahu Anhu(RA),[1] which common honorific title of Sahaba or Tabi'un.[2]

Another evidence according to fiqh were there are hadiths which transmitting was traced to Marwan which is compilled by Sahih Bukhari[3][4] and Tirmidhi.[5] as it is the nature to the ruling of Hadith transmission by Sahaba was explained by Haji gibril that Consensus among Ahl al-Sunna that the Sahaba are all of the highest probity which inhibiting the first chain of narration[6]


External links[edit]

Marwan I
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Muawiyah II
Umayyad Caliph
Succeeded by
Abd al-Malik
Preceded by
Said ibn al-As
Governor of Madina
Succeeded by
Walid ibn Utbah ibn Abi Sufyan
Preceded by
Said ibn al-As
Governor of Madina
Succeeded by
Said ibn al-As
Preceded by
Governor of Madina
Succeeded by
Said ibn al-As