|Directed by||Jason Barker|
|Produced by||Jason Barker|
|Written by||Jason Barker|
John N. Gray
|Music by||Markus Rieger|
|Edited by||Nebojsa Andric|
Marx Reloaded is a 2011 German documentary film written and directed by the British writer and theorist Jason Barker. Featuring interviews with several well-known philosophers, the film aims to examine the relevance of Karl Marx's ideas in relation to the Great Recession. The film's title is a wordplay on The Matrix Reloaded, the sequel to The Matrix, which is parodied in the documentary.
According to the film's website, "Marx Reloaded … examines the relevance of German socialist philosopher Karl Marx's ideas for understanding the global economic and financial crisis of 2008–09." The film also considers, in the context of an alleged revival of Marxist thinking, whether "communism might provide the solution to the growing economic and environmental challenges facing the planet".
In an interview with Verso Books, writer-director Jason Barker described his intention in making the film "to reload or reimagine Marx as a thinker, without the usual totalitarian moralising." Barker criticised the "cliché" according to which "Marx's diagnoses of capitalism are validated whereas his 'prescription' of communism is rubbished on the grounds that it's 'utopian'." Asked whether the renewed popularity of Marx is evidence of a return of communism as a political force, or "just the spectre of Marx haunting the academies", Barker replied that "political thinking today is again converging on precisely the type of social conditions in which Marx lived."
In a separate interview, Barker also discussed the film's use of animation, in particular his decision to parody The Matrix, admitting that although it was an "obvious parody" and "fun to make", there was also a philosophical dimension to the animation scenes in which Marx meets Leon Trotsky and Slavoj Žižek.
Marx Reloaded features interviews with several well-known philosophers, among them those often associated with Marxism and Communist ideas, including John Gray, Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri, Nina Power, Jacques Rancière, Peter Sloterdijk, Alberto Toscano and Slavoj Žižek. The film also includes animation scenes with Marx trapped in a surreal world resembling the 1999 science fiction–action film The Matrix, which starred Keanu Reeves and Laurence Fishburne. In one such animated scene Marx (Jason Barker) encounters Leon Trotsky (Ivan Nikolic) in a pastiche of the red pill and blue pill scene in The Matrix in which Reeves' character Neo first meets Fishburne's character Morpheus.
Marx Reloaded had its TV premiere on Arte on 11 April and was repeated on 20 April. The film was subsequently broadcast on the Romanian television channel B1 TV on 12 August 2011, followed by a studio debate involving political analyst Dinu Flămând, journalist Cristian Tudor Popescu and writer Vasile Ernu.
On 25 September 2011 the film was screened (out of competition) at the 2011 DMZ International Documentary Film Festival. The screening was followed by a panel discussion involving writer-director Jason Barker, Professor Taek-Gwang Lee of Kyung Hee University and Yongjune Park, the editor of Indigo, an English-language Korean humanities magazine. Both the film and director were the subject of national press coverage in the Hankook Ilbo.
Reviews of the film have been positive. Time Out London described it as containing "enough interesting ideas to make this well worth a watch for those with an interest in philosophy, politics and the general state of the world as we know it." Little White Lies called it an "engaging hour-long talking-head-meets-animation doc"; "the film shines a light on the many causes of the financial crumble, creating a compelling dialogue of Marx's theories on capitalism as they apply to its contemporary form." Subtitledonline.com awarded the film three out of a possible five stars, although criticized it for its "failure to balance quirky presentation with challenging content". However, writing in CounterPunch, Louis J. Proyect gave an unqualified endorsement: "I can't recommend this film highly enough... The film is a fast-paced and even exciting treatment of what might induce a yawn on the printed page".
As well as reviews The Financial Times featured the film as part of its "Capitalism in Crisis" series, followed by an interview with Jason Barker and the editor of New Left Review, Robin Blackburn.
The London Evening Standard cited the film alongside the 2012 re-edition of The Communist Manifesto (introduced by Eric Hobsbawm) and Owen Jones' best-selling book Chavs: The Demonization of the Working Class as evidence of a resurgence of left-wing ideas.
Blue or Red Pill?
On 16 December 2011, the first in a series of public debates entitled "Blue or Red Pill?" (Crvena ili plava pilula?) was held at the Centre for Cultural Decontamination (CZKd), Belgrade, in which the social and political themes from the film were explored. Serbian film director Želimir Žilnik – himself noted for his socially-engaged film-making, most recently in the 2009 film Stara škola kapitalizma – participated in the event along with Jason Barker.
A second debate took place on 15 February 2012 at the Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA), in which the BBC Newsnight economics editor Paul Mason, the blogger and The Independent journalist Laurie Penny, and Robin Blackburn joined Jason Barker. The debate considered the implications of Marx's work in the context of a growing popular resistance to the global economic and financial crisis, and whether the revolutionary change advocated by Marx had finally arrived: "Is humanity standing at a crossroads where a decision – and by whom or in whose name? – for "another world" must be taken?"
- "Marx Reloaded". ICA. Archived from the original on January 29, 2012. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
- "Marx Reloaded". Icarus Films. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
- "Marx Reloaded". german-documentaries.de. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- Peer Schmidt (April 8, 2011). "Falsche Freunde (German)". Junge Welt. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- Michael Siegmund (January 22, 2009). "Marx reloaded (German)". Zeit. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- "Marx in der Matrix (German)". Der Tagesspiegel. April 11, 2011. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- "Marx Reloaded". marxreloaded.com. Archived from the original on March 21, 2011. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- "Interview with Jason Barker, director of Marx Reloaded". VersoBooks.com. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
- "Marx Enters the Matrix". New Left Project. May 26, 2011. Archived from the original on April 19, 2013. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
- "Special B1 prezintă documentarul Întoarcerea lui Marx". B1 TV. August 12, 2011. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
- "Marx Reloaded". DMZ Docs. Archived from the original on March 31, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2011.
- "Capitalism in Crisis and Marx Reloaded". DMZ Docs. Retrieved September 30, 2011.[permanent dead link]
- "Marx in fashion". Hankook Ilbo. Archived from the original on April 2, 2012. Retrieved September 30, 2011.
- "Premijera filma Marx Reloaded". October 2, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "Marx Reloaded Premijera". October 2, 2011. Archived from the original on October 19, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "The Marx effect". The London Evening Standard. April 23, 2012. Retrieved May 8, 2012.
- "Marx Reloaded". Time Out. February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
- "Marx Reloaded Review". Little White Lies. February 9, 2012. Archived from the original on 24 April 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
- "Marx Reloaded". Subtitledonline.com. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
- "Little Companies That Bring You Films That Matter". CounterPunch. May 17–19, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
- "Can Marx Save Capitalism?". The Financial Times. February 17, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
- "Marx Reloaded". December 14, 2011. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
- "Marx Reloaded: Blue or Red Pill?". December 14, 2011. Archived from the original on January 28, 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2012.