Marxist–Leninist Party of Germany

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Marxist-Leninist Party of Germany
Marxistisch-Leninistische Partei Deutschlands
LeaderGabi Fechtner
Founded1982; 39 years ago (1982)
HeadquartersGelsenkirchen, North Rhine-Westphalia
NewspaperRote Fahne Magazin
Youth wingREBELL
Membership (2018)2,800[1]
Political positionFar-left
European affiliationICOR Europe
International affiliationICMLPO
Party flag
MLPD Parteifahne 2011.svg
Website Edit this at Wikidata

The Marxist–Leninist Party of Germany (German: Marxistisch–Leninistische Partei Deutschlands, MLPD) is an anti-revisionist Marxist–Leninist political party in Germany. It was founded in 1982 by members of the Communist Workers Union of Germany (Kommunistischer Arbeiterbund Deutschlands; KABD).

The MLPD advocates for the establishment of a seizure of power through the proletariat, overthrowing current capitalist relations of production and replacing them with a new social order of socialist orientation. It sees this as a transitional stage to the creation of a classless, communist society. In doing so, it refers to the theory and practice of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong. It rejects the terms "Stalinism" and "Maoism" as anti-communist fighting terms that divide the Marxist–Leninist movement. Whilst criticizing particular aspects of the political works of Stalin[2] and Mao,[3] MLPD openly defends those works,[4] standing in contrast to most left-wing groups in Germany.

It participates in the International Conference of Marxist–Leninist Parties and Organizations (ICMLPO) and the International Coordination of Revolutionary Parties and Organizations (ICOR). Representatives from the party have attended congresses of other communist parties around the world.[5]

Political profile[edit]

Real Socialism[edit]

The MLPD calls her political orientation "Echter Sozialismus" ("Real Socialism"). The party says, that the augmentation "Echt" ("Real") has a tactical importance, "to define of other contortions of the mordern revisionism and reformism",[6] like the trotskysm, that the MLPD name an "narrow-minded divergence of marxism".[7] So the party define itself of other left partys like the German Communist Party, The Left or the Socialist Equality Party.[8][9][10]


The MLPD promotes Marxism–Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought. Only part of the MLPD's membership originates from the 1960s students' movement. Willi Dickhut, the party's founder, had been expelled from the Communist Party of Germany in 1966 for criticizing the change of social conditions in the Soviet Union. His book on the restoration of capitalism in the Soviet Union was published in 1971 and is a fundamental part of the MLPD's ideology. The MLPD describes the political and economic changes in most of the Eastern European countries after the 20th Party Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union as treason to socialism. From 1976, when the economic changes provided by Deng Xiaoping were taking place, the MLPD's predecessor organizations criticized those changes as China's restoration of capitalism.[citation needed]

In the 1998 federal elections, the party gained only 0.01 percent of the votes. In 2002, the MLPD did not participate in the federal elections and called on people to boycott. The MLPD participated in the 2005 federal elections, generally positioning itself in campaigns as a radical alternative to the Left Party. The MLPD won 0.1 percent of the total votes cast. This marked a tenfold increase compared to the result of 1998, despite the competition with the Left Party. Its strongest showing was in the states of Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia, where it garnered 0.4 percent of the vote.[11] MLPD also participated in 2009 federal elections and has announced its participation in the 2013 federal elections.

Still some trade unions in Germany have a policy of expelling members of the MLPD. An example of this is when the former chairman of the party, Stefan Engel, was forced to leave the IG Metall and became a member of Ver.di, which does not take a stance against the MLPD.

For the 2017 federal election the MLPD formed the Internationalistischen Bündnis (Internationalist Alliance) coalition. The coalition is made up of different local electoral groups, migrant organizations (such as ATIF, ADHK and the German section of the Communist party of Iran) and labor union groups.[12]

Although the party has seen little success in national or state elections, the party has managed to gain a number of local councils seats. However these party are contested under a different local label and not with an explicit communist program. However these parties are all members of the MLPD-led electoral coalition Internationalist Alliance.[13]

Election results[edit]

Federal Parliament (Bundestag)[edit]

Year First Vote Second Vote % of Second Vote
1987 596 13,422 0.0%
1994 4,932 10,038 0.0%
1998 7,208 4,731 0.0%
2005 16,480 45,238 0.1%
2009 17,512 29,261 0.1%
2013 12,904 24,219 0.1%
2017 35,835 29,928 0.1%

European Parliament[edit]

Year Votes %
1989 10,134 0.0%
2014 18,198 0.1%
2019 18,340 0.05%

Local Elections[edit]

City Election Year Seats % Label
Albstadt 2018
1 / 32
3,4% zukunftsorientiert unabhängig gemeinsam (ZUG)
Bergkamen 2020
3 / 44
5,9% Bergauf Bergkamen
Eisenach 2019
1 / 36
2,2% Eisenacher Aufbruch
Esslingen am Neckar 2019
2 / 40
3,9% Fortschrittlich – Überparteilich – Rege (FÜR)
Gelsenkirchen 2020
1 / 66
1,2 % Alternativ – Unabhängig – Fortschrittlich (AUF)
Neukirchen-Vluyn 2020
2 / 38
5,3 % Neukirchen-Vluyn AUF geht's

Well-known former members of the MLPD[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Bundesministerium des Innern: Verfassungsschutzbericht 2018, S. 150
  2. ^ MLPD homepage Archived 22 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine (German)
  3. ^ MLPD homepage Archived 22 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine (German)
  4. ^ "Socialist Equality Party receives over 15,000 votes in German elections". 21 September 2005. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
  5. ^ "Indian communists confidently chart way forward". 12 November 1997. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
  6. ^ Fremdwörter- & Begriffserklärung zur Reihe Revolutionärer Weg 1–26. Verlag Neuer Weg, Essen 1998, ISBN 978-3-88021-274-9.
  7. ^ trotskysm on the MLPD-website
  8. ^ 20. party conference of the DKP
  9. ^ Linkspartei The Left
  10. ^ Cite error: The named reference trotskysm was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  11. ^ Archived 6 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ "Manifest – ENG – InterBündnis" (in German). Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  13. ^ "Trägerorganisationen – InterBündnis" (in German). Retrieved 26 April 2020.