Mary Anna Jackson

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Mary Anna Jackson
Mary Anna Jackson (1895).jpg
Born
Mary Anna Morrison

(1831-07-21)July 21, 1831
DiedMarch 24, 1915(1915-03-24) (aged 83)
Resting placeStonewall Jackson Memorial Cemetery, Lexington, Virginia
ResidenceLexington, Virginia
Other namesEsposita
Known for"Widow of the Confederacy"
Spouse(s)Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson (1857–1863; his death)
Children2

Mary Anna Morrison Jackson (July 21, 1831 – March 24, 1915) was the second wife, and subsequently widow, of Confederate Army general Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson. She was widely known as the "Widow of the Confederacy" for the next fifty years.

Biography[edit]

Mary Anna Morrison – popularly known by friends and family as "Anna" – was born at Cottage Home, the family plantation near Lincolnton, North Carolina.[1][2] Her father, Robert Hall Morrison, was a Presbyterian preacher and the first president of Davidson College, and her mother, Mary Graham, was the sister of William Alexander Graham, a Senator and later Governor of North Carolina, as well as a Senator in the Confederate Congress during the Civil War. Anna received her formal education at Salem Academy (now Salem Academy and College) from 1847 to 1849.[3]

Anna was introduced to Thomas Jackson by her sister Isabella, the wife of Daniel Harvey Hill, a professor at Washington College (now Washington and Lee University) in Lexington, Virginia; Jackson had recently accepted a teaching position at the nearby Virginia Military Institute. In 1853, Jackson married Elinor Junkin, the daughter of Washington College's president, Dr. George Junkin; she died in childbirth the following October. Around Christmas 1856, Jackson called on Anna in North Carolina while on furlough from VMI. They married in the front parlor of Cottage Home on July 16, 1857.[3] They purchased a brick house on East Washington Street in Lexington, where they lived from 1858 to the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861. Their first daughter, Mary Graham Jackson, died in infancy in 1858; their second, Julia Laura, was born in Charlotte on November 23, 1862, just before the Battle of Fredericksburg.

Anna lived with relatives in Charlotte during the war, while several members of her family - including her husband, her brother-in-law D.H. Hill, and her younger brother Joseph Graham Morrison, who served as Jackson's aide-de-camp[4] - served in the Confederate Army. She visited her husband at his headquarters house in Winchester during the winter of 1861-62, at his winter headquarters at Moss Neck Manor in the spring of 1863, and again at Guinea Station after he was wounded at the Battle of Chancellorsville. She was at Jackson's bedside when he died on May 10, 1863.

After Stonewall Jackson's death[edit]

Anna never remarried after her husband's death; she moved back into Cottage Home with her father after the war, until moving to Charlotte in 1873 while Julia completed her education. After Julia married William Christian in 1885, Anna lived with her in Richmond, then briefly in San Diego, California, before returning to North Carolina. Julia had two children of her own before she died in 1889, at the age of twenty-six.[5] Anna frequently attended Confederate veterans' reunions and wrote two books on her husband, a memoir and a collection of their letters.[6][7]

Anna Jackson died in Charlotte on March 24, 1915, at the age of eighty-three. She was buried with full military honors next to her husband and daughters at the Stonewall Jackson Memorial Cemetery in Lexington.[8]

In popular culture[edit]

Anna Jackson appears in the novel Gods and Generals by Jeff Shaara. In the film adaptation, she is portrayed by Kali Rocha.

Mrs. Jackson is the subject of the Harnett Kane 1957 novel, The Gallant Mrs. Stonewall, based on the Jacksons' early years together.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ First president of Davidson College owned Lincoln County plantation | news@norman
  2. ^ Marker: O-44
  3. ^ a b Widow of the Confederacy, Mary Anna Morrison Jackson, had deep roots in Lincoln County | news@norman
  4. ^ Capt Joseph Graham Morrison (1842 - 1906) - Find A Grave Memorial
  5. ^ Stonewall Jackson House - Frequently Asked Questions Archived 2013-12-16 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Jackson, Mary Anna (1895). Memoirs of Stonewall Jackson by His Widow. Louisville, KY: The Prentice Press.
  7. ^ "Life and letters of General Thomas J. Jackson".
  8. ^ Mary Anna Jackson at Find a Grave
  9. ^ "Hartnett T. Kane (1910-1984)". librarything.com. Retrieved August 2, 2014.

External links[edit]