Mary Benson (campaigner)
Dorothy Mary Benson
|Born||8 December 1919|
Pretoria, South Africa
|Died||19 June 2000 (aged 80)|
London, United Kingdom
|Subjects||Apartheid, Internal resistance to apartheid, African National Congress, Nelson Mandela, Albert Lutuli, Athol Fugard, Barney Simon|
Activism and writing
Benson became acquainted with the author Alan Paton, and read his novel Cry, the beloved country (1948), whose main theme was racial discrimination in South Africa. This affected her greatly, and she became a campaigner for the rights of black people there.
She worked with Michael Scott (who, in 1946, was the first white man to be jailed for resisting South Africa's racial laws), becoming his secretary in 1950. With Scott, Benson helped to found the African Bureau.
In 1957, Benson was appointed secretary to the Treason Trial Defence Fund. In 1961, Benson took on another secretarial role, moving to Natal to assist Chief Albert Lutuli when he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
Through all this work, Benson became familiar with the African National Congress (ANC). She assisted Nelson Mandela's escape from South Africa in 1962, and interviewed several prominent figures in the ANC, including Walter Sisulu and James Calata. Based upon these experiences, she wrote the first general history of the ANC: The African Patriots (Faber & Faber, London, 1964).
She testified to the United Nations Committee on Apartheid in 1963, and was the first South African to do so. She was placed under house arrest and "banned" in 1966. She subsequently left the country and lived in exile, settling in London, England.
Benson's biography of Nelson Mandela, Nelson Mandela: the Man and the Movement (1986), was the second biography of Nelson Mandela to be written. It was banned in apartheid South African upon its publication.
Later life and death
Benson was close friends with the playwright Athol Fugard. She edited his Notebooks 1960-1977 (Faber and Faber, 1983) and wrote Athol Fugard and Barney Simon: Bare Stage, a Few Props, Great Theater (Ravan Press, 1997).
Benson died on 19 June 2000. Her papers, including correspondence with Semane Molotlegi and those relating to her biography of Tshekedi Khama, are archived in the Bodleian Library of Commonwealth and African Studies at Oxford. Other papers, including material relating to her biography of Nelson Mandela and correspondence with fellow anti-apartheid activists, forms part of the Institute of Commonwealth Studies archive collections held at Senate House Library.
- The Tragedy of Apartheid. Christian Action. 1958.
- The Badge of Slavery (The pass laws of South Africa). Christian Action. 1960.
- Tshekedi Khama. Faber and Faber. 1960.
- Chief Albert Lutuli of South Africa. Oxford University Press. 1963.
- African Patriots. The story of the African National Congress of South Africa. Faber and Faber. 1963.
- South Africa: The Struggle for a Birthright. Penguin, Harmondsworth. 1966.
- Nelson Mandela: The man and the movement. W.W. Norton & Co. 1986. ISBN 978-0393022964.
- A Far Cry: The Making of a South African. Viking, London. 1989.
- Athol Fugard and Barney Simon: bare stage, a few props, great theatre. Ravan Press, Randburg, South Africa. 1997.
- List of people subject to banning orders under apartheid
- The papers of Mary Benson are held by SOAS Archives
- Freda Troup; Ross Devenish. "Mary Benson | World news | The Guardian". Archived from the original on 24 April 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Mary Benson", ESAT.
- Sarah Lyall (22 June 2000). "Mary Benson 80 Who Wrote of South Africa's Struggle". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- "Mary Benson; Anti-Apartheid Activist, Nelson Mandela Biographer". Los Angeles Times. 23 June 2000. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- "Mary Benson Papers". University of Oxford. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- "Desert Island Discs - Castaway : Mary Benson". BBC Online. BBC. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "Scott, Michael, South Africa, Anglican". Dacb.org. Archived from the original on 7 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- David Clover (16 December 2013). "No Easy Walk to Freedom: Nelson Mandela in the Archives". Senate House Library. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- "The ANC's 100 years: Some recent work on its history in historiographical context". Scielo.org.za. 29 November 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- David James Smith (2010). Young Mandela. Hachette. p. 380. ISBN 9780297858461. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- Athol Fugard Notebooks 1960-1977. WorldCat.org. 1983. OCLC 732883534. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- Athol Fugard and Barney Simon: bare stage, a few props, great theatre. WorldCat.org. 1997. OCLC 37769896. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- "Mary Benson". The Telegraph. 23 June 2000. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- "Mary Benson Papers". Senate House Library. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
- The Tragedy of Apartheid. WorldCat.org. 1958. OCLC 886516463. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- The Badge of Slavery (The pass laws of South Africa). WorldCat.org. 1960. OCLC 10508718. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- Tshekedi Khama. WorldCat.org. 1960. OCLC 479530. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- Chief Albert Lutuli of South Africa. WorldCat.org. 1963. OCLC 2783640. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- Nelson Mandela: The man and the movement. WorldCat.org. 1986. OCLC 13005582. Retrieved 22 October 2016.