Mary Clubwala Jadhav
She founded many NGOs in Chennai and across India, and is often credited with setting up the oldest organized social-work bodies in the country. Her organization Guild of Service operates more than a dozen units related to orphanages, female literacy, the care and rehabilitation of the disabled, etc.
Mary was born in 1909 in Ootacamund in the then Madras Presidency to Rustom Patel and Allamai, member of the 300-strong Parsi community of Madras city. She was schooled in Madras and married Nogi Clubwala at the age of 18. They had a son, Khusro, in 1930. Nogi Clubwala died due to an illness in 1935. After this she devoted herself to social work. She later remarried to Major Chandrakant K Jadhav, an Indian army officer who was also working in the same areas of social work.
In 1942, with World War II raging, Clubwala founded the Indian Hospitality Committee with helpers drawn mostly from the Guild of Service. A large number of Indian troops were stationed in and around Madras and they had very few amenities. Mrs. Clubwala persuaded women from all communities and walks of life to join in the effort to organise mobile canteens, hospital visits, diversional therapy and entertainment programmes. The public donated generously to the War Fund started by the Hospitality Committee which continued its efforts after the War by helping ex-servicemen and their families rehabilitate themselves. The victorious 14th Army presented Mary a Japanese sword in appreciation of her tremendous efforts. Mrs. Clubwala was called "the Darling of the Army" by General Cariappa! She started Madras School of Social work in 1952, the first school of social work in South India and second in India (after Tata Institute of Social Sciences- Mumbai).
- Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) (1941 New Year Honours)
- Padma Shri (1955)
- Padma Bhushan (1968)
- Padma Vibhushan, the second highest civilian honor of India (1975).
- "Guild of Service founder's role hailed". The Hindu. 30 September 2009. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- "Mary Clubwala sculpture unveiled". 14 July 2009. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- "dated December 20, 1956: New Sheriff of Madras". The Hindu. 20 December 2006. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- "When Queen came calling". The Times of India. 9 June 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- "No. 35029". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1940. p. 19.
- "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
- "Padma Vibhushan Awardees". Ministry of Communications and Information Technology. Archived from the original on 31 January 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2009.