Elizabeth Hope, Baroness Glendevon
The Lady Glendevon
Mary Elizabeth Wellcome
1 September 1915
|Died||27 December 1998(aged 83)|
|Other names||Liza Maugham|
Lt.-Col. Vincent Paravicini
(m. 1936; div. 1948)
(m. 1948; died 1996)
|Relatives||Thomas John Barnardo (maternal grandfather)|
Mary Elizabeth Hope, Baroness Glendevon (1 September 1915 – 27 December 1998) (née Wellcome, later Maugham, formerly Paravicini), was the only child of the English writer W. Somerset Maugham by his then-mistress Syrie Wellcome, a daughter of orphanage founder Thomas John Barnardo.
She was known as Liza, after her father's first successful novel, Liza of Lambeth. She was the plaintiff in one of the most celebrated family law trials of the early 1960s, when she challenged Somerset Maugham's attempt to prove that she was not his child. At her birth in 1915 her mother was still married to the British pharmaceuticals magnate Henry Wellcome, whom she divorced before remarrying to Somerset Maugham in 1917.
In his 1962 memoir Looking Back, Somerset Maugham, a bisexual, denied paternity of Liza. Around the same time, he attempted to have her disinherited in order to adopt his male secretary, suggesting that she was actually the child of Syrie by either Henry Wellcome, Gordon Selfridge or an unknown lover. The subsequent 21-month court case, fought in British and French courts, determined that Maugham was her biological father, and the author was legally barred from his adoption plans. Maugham's daughter was awarded approximately $1,400,000 in damages, comprising $280,000 in a cash settlement to compensate her for paintings originally willed to her, along with royalties to some of his books, and the controlling interest in his French villa.
Marriages and children
She married twice:
Firstly, on 20 July 1936 at St. Margaret's, Westminster, she married Lt.-Col. Vincent Rudolph Paravicini, a son of Charles Paravicini, the Swiss Ambassador to the Court of St. James's, by whom she had issue:
- Nicholas Vincent Somerset Paravicini (born 1937), eldest son, who married firstly Mary Ann Parker Bowles, a sister of Andrew Parker Bowles, first husband of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall. They were divorced and in about 1986 he remarried to Susan Rose ("Suki") Phipps (born 1941), by whom he had no issue, formerly the wife successively of Richard de la Mare and Derek Marlowe, and the daughter of Alan Phipps (who died in the Battle of Leros) by his wife Hon. Veronica Nell Fraser, a daughter of Simon Fraser, 14th Lord Lovat. Suki was brought up by Sir Fitzroy Maclean, 1st Baronet, one of the inspirations for James Bond. Nicholas Vincent Somerset Paravicini had the following issue by his first wife Mary Ann Parker Bowles, two sons and a daughter:
- Camilla Paravicini (born 1941), who in 1963 became the third wife of Manuel Basil "Bluey" Mavroleon of the Greek shipping family, whom she divorced, and then remarried to Count Frédéric Chandon de Briailles, the Moët et Chandon champagne heir. By her first husband she had issue two daughters:
Secondly, in 1948 following her divorce, she married John Hope, 1st Baron Glendevon, by whom she had issue:
- Julian John Somerset Hope, 2nd Baron Glendevon (1950–2009), opera producer, who died without issue;
- Jonathan Charles Hope, 3rd Baron Glendevon (b. 1952), who also has no issue.
- "Obituary: Lady Glendevon". 22 October 2011.
- Her birth name is given as Mary Elizabeth Maugham at ellisisland.org, where she is listed, along with her mother, then Syrie Wellcome, on manifest of HMS Baltic dated 21 July 1916.
- "10 things to know about Syrie Maugham | Christie's".
- Somerset Maugham is Liza's father, TIME.com; accessed 21 February 2016.
- "SON OF DIPLOMAT MARRIES IN LONDON; Vincent Rudolph Paravicini and Miss Lisma Maugham Wed in St. Margaret's. DANIEL C. ROPER IS FETED He and W. A. Julian Are Guests of the Pilgrims -- End of Season Marked by Departures". The New York Times. 26 July 1936.
- Susan Rose Phipps profile, ukpub.net; retrieved 13 September 2008.
- Cassandra Jardine. 'It's all Parker Bowles this and that' Daily Telegraph, 4 July 2007.
- Michael Rhodes. "Manuel Basil (Bluey) Mavroleon 1927-2009" 17 March 2009