Mary Ellen Best
|Mary Ellen Best|
Self portrait from The Artist at Work
|Died||1891 (aged 81–82)
|Spouse(s)||Johan Anton Phillip Sarg|
Mary Ellen Best (1809 – 1891) was an English artist. Most active in the 1830s, she usually worked in water-colour, commonly painting scenes of domestic life.
Best was born in York in 1809, the daughter of doctor Charles Best, (associated with Bootham Park Hospital from 1804-1815) and his wife, Mary Norcliffe Dalton. Best grew up on Little Blake Street near the York Minster. At the age of six (1815), Best's family moved to Nice in France for three years, where Mary Ellen Best's father died in 1817; the family returned to England in 1818. Mary Ellen's father left £1,000 to both her and her sister, to be inherited at the age of 21. Best attended a boarding school in her teens during which time she received lessons from a well qualified art teacher, George Haugh. Like many middleclass women, she was educated in painting and drawing for leisurely pleasure and to attract a suitable husband. However, she achieved a level of success above that of an amateur, and she decided to continue her artistic pursuits.
After 1828, she left boarding school and started to demonstrate her dedication to art. She was tutored by George Haugh (1755–1827), an art exhibitor. She continued her art in York, her hometown, and between 1830 and 1836, her most active years as an artist, Best exhibited at venues in London, Leeds, Newcastle, York, and Liverpool. In 1830, one of her still lifes was awarded a silver medal from the London Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (now the Royal Society of Arts) as "the best original composition, painted in oil or water-colours . . . by persons under the age of twenty-one." During 1834, the height of her artistic life, she visited Frankfurt, Germany, where she developed her skills further and sold more paintings.
In 1840 Best married Johann Anton Phillip Sarg, a schoolteacher who would have had access to considerably fewer funds than Best. Best's mother was a part of the Norcliffe family, who owned the Langton Park estate. This meant that on her father's death she inherited a substantial fortune. It has been suggested that her inherited wealth was the reason Best withdrew from her artistic career in the 1850s.
Contrary to the common practice of her day, Mary Ellen Best was interested in portraying domestic life in her paintings, including families at tables, kitchens, and domestic workers. She painted a number of water-colour images of her home in Castle Gate, York, including interior portraits of the drawing room, dining room (painted in 1838), and one of herself working in her painting room. She also painted other houses including the drawing room of Naburn Hall, which was then home to George Palmes. After marrying Johan Anton and moving to Nuremberg, Frankfurt, Worms, and Darmstadt, she continued to paint the houses they lived in.
Between 1828 and 1840, two thirds of Best's portraits were commissioned by women. Caroline Davidson, who wrote a biography of Best, calculated that she produced more than 1,500 paintings in total.
Some of Best's drawings were handed down to her great-granddaughter, and 47 were sold in January 1983 in New York City, though York Art Gallery obtained three of them. Others were sold by her great-grand-nephew a year later. The paintings are of historical interest as a record of Yorkshire and European life in the 1830s and 1840s.
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- Cornforth, John (9 June 1983). "An anticipation of Victoriana. The drawings of Mary Ellen Best". Country Life (Magazine article). pp. 1549–1552.
- Elaine Williams (29 October 1985). "Ellen's faithful line". Yorkshire Evening Press.
- Caroline Davidson (1985). The World of Mary Ellen Best. Chatto & Windus Ltd. ISBN 0701129050.
- Balducci, Temma (2015). "Negotiating Identity: Mary Ellen Best and The Status of Female Victorian Artists". Nineteenth Century Art Worldwide. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
- Balducci, Temma (Autumn 2002). "Negotiating Identity: Mary Ellen Best and The Status of Female Victorian Artists". Nineteenth-century Art Worldwide. Association of Historians of Nineteenth-Century Art (AHNCA). 1 (2). Retrieved 16 March 2014.
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- Ponsonby, M. (2010). "Ideals, Reality and Meaning: Homemaking in England in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century". Journal of Design History. 16 (3): 201–214. doi:10.1093/jdh/16.3.201.
Media related to Mary Ellen Best at Wikimedia Commons