Mary Elizabeth Flahive (born 1948) is a professor of mathematics at Oregon State University. Her research interests are in number theory; she is the author of two books on difference equations and Diophantine approximation, and is also interested in the geometry of numbers and algebraic coding theory.
Flahive graduated from St. Joseph's College in New York in 1969. She completed her Ph.D. at the Ohio State University in 1976. Her dissertation, On The Minima Of Indefinite Binary Quadratic Forms, was supervised by Alan C. Woods, and cites the mentorship of another Ohio State mathematician, Jill Yaqub. She published it under the name Mary Flahive Gbur, and some of her journal papers from this period use the name Mary E. Gbur.
Flahive is the author of the book The Markoff and Lagrange Spectra, on topics related to Diophantine approximation (with Thomas W. Cusick, Mathematical Surveys and Monographs 30, American Mathematical Society, 1989). She is also the author of an undergraduate textbook on difference equations, Difference Equations: From Rabbits to Chaos (with Paul Cull and Robby Robson, Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics, Springer, 2005).
Flahive has also been active in the promotion of women in mathematics. She served a five-year term on the Joint Committee On Women In the Mathematical Sciences from 1996 to 2000. With Marie A. Vitulli, she wrote an influential study on patterns of job offers to women with new U.S. Ph.D.s in 1997, and updated the study in 2010. The major differences that both studies found were that, at academic institutions whose highest degree in mathematics is a bachelor’s degree, women were initially employed at a substantially higher rate than men, and in business and industry men were initially employed at a considerably higher rate than women. Their study found small differences in hiring at doctorate-granting institutions between men and women, indicating that other points in the career are more critical in explaining the gender gap between men and women in mathematics.
- Gbur, Mary Flahive (1976), On the minima of indefinite binary quadratic forms, Ohio State University, retrieved 2018-02-19 – via OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center
- "Mary E. Flahive", Faculty profile, Oregon State University, retrieved 2018-02-19
- Reviews of Difference Equations: From Rabbits to Chaos:
- Ricardo, Henry (September 2005), "Difference Equations: From Rabbits to Chaos", MAA Reviews
- Journal of Difference Equations and Applications, 11 (15): 1307–1308, December 2005, doi:10.1080/10236190500438316
- Henson, Shandelle M. (2006), Mathematical Reviews, MR 2131908
- Peterson, Allan (March 2006), SIAM Review, 48 (1): 194, JSTOR 20453784
- Crilly, Tony (July 2007), The Mathematical Gazette, 91 (521): 373–374, doi:10.1017/s0025557200181938, JSTOR 40378382
- Reviews of The Markoff and Lagrange Spectra:
- St. Joseph's College President's Report and Honor Roll of Donors, 1972–1973, p. 20
- Mary Flahive at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- Joint Committee On Women In the Mathematical Sciences Past Members, retrieved 2018-02-19
- Case, Bettye Anne; Leggett, Anne M. (2016), Complexities: Women in Mathematics, Princeton University Press, p. 107, ISBN 9781400880164
- Pearson, Willie Jr.; Frehill, Lisa M.; McNeely, Connie L. (2015), Advancing Women in Science: An International Perspective, Springer, p. 183, ISBN 9783319086293