Mary Harron

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Mary Harron
Mary Harron.jpg
Harron at the 2019 Montclair Film Festival
Born (1953-01-12) January 12, 1953 (age 67)
OccupationFilm director, screenwriter
Years active1987–present
Spouse(s)John C. Walsh
Children2
Parent(s)Gloria Fisher (mother)
Don Harron (father, deceased)
RelativesMartha Harron (sister) Kelley Harron (sister)

Mary Harron (born January 12, 1953)[1] is a Canadian filmmaker and screenwriter. She gained recognition for her role in writing and directing several independent films, including I Shot Andy Warhol (1996), American Psycho (2000), and The Notorious Bettie Page (2005). She co-wrote American Psycho and The Notorious Bettie Page with Guinevere Turner.

Early life[edit]

Born in Bracebridge, Ontario, Canada,[2] Harron grew up with a family that was entrenched in the world of film and theater. She is the daughter of Gloria Fisher and Don Harron, a Canadian actor, comedian, author, and director. Her parents divorced when she was six years old.[3] Harron spent her early life residing between Toronto and Los Angeles.[1] Harron's first stepmother, Virginia Leith, was discovered by Stanley Kubrick and acted in his first film, Fear and Desire. Leith's brief acting career partly inspired Harron's interest in making The Notorious Bettie Page. Harron's stepfather is the novelist Stephen Vizinczey best known for his internationally successful book In Praise of Older Women. Harron's second stepmother is the Canadian singer Catherine McKinnon. Harron's sister, Kelley Harron, is an actor and producer.

Harron moved to England when she was thirteen and later attended St Anne's College, Oxford University, where she received a Bachelors in English.[3][4] While in England, she dated Tony Blair, later the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, and Chris Huhne, another Oxford student who later became a prominent politician.[5][6][7][8][9] She then moved to New York City and was part of its 1970s punk scene.

Career[edit]

Early writing work[edit]

In New York, Harron helped start and write for Punk magazine as a music journalist; she was the first journalist to interview the Sex Pistols for an American publication. She grew up in the early punk scene of America. She found the culture easy for her to fit into and was constantly evolving and spreading into new demographics.[3] During the 1980s, she was a drama critic for The Observer in London for a time, as well as working as a music critic for The Guardian and the New Statesman. In the late 1980s, Harron participated and began her film career writing and directing BBC Documentaries.[3]

During the 1990s, Harron moved back to New York where she worked as a producer for PBS's Edge, a program dedicated to exploring American pop culture. It was at this time that Harron became interested in the life of Valerie Solanas, the woman who attempted to kill Andy Warhol. Harron suggested making a documentary about Solanas to her producers, who in turn encouraged her to develop the project into what would be her first feature film.[10] Harron says she owes her success with her first film to Andy who helped to sell the controversial focus on the attempted murderess, Solanas.[11]

I Shot Andy Warhol[edit]

Harron's feature film directorial debut, I Shot Andy Warhol, released in 1996, is the partially imagined story of Valerie Solanas' failed assassination attempt on Andy Warhol.[12] She explains her interest in Solanas' life:

For Solanas, there was this fierce, outsider quality to her unhappiness and frustration. That was a time in my life when I was frustrated myself in my work. I wanted to direct. I had the idea years before I got to direct myself. So I think there were elements of my own frustration and elements of what it was like growing up with an unfair attitude towards women ... and Valerie was an extreme example of that. There was also the intellectual interest of how someone can be so brilliant and her life goes so wrong, and also, that she was so forgotten and misunderstood. In both cases, I felt like Valerie had been consigned to history as this lunatic, almost nothing written about her.[13]

American Psycho[edit]

Harron's second film, American Psycho, released in 2000, is based on the book of the same title by Bret Easton Ellis, which is notorious for its graphic descriptions of torture and murder.[14] The protagonist, Patrick Bateman (Christian Bale), is an investment banker who goes on a killing spree. The New York Times' Stephen Holden wrote of the film:

From the opening credits, in which drops of blood are confused with red berry sauce drizzled on an exquisitely arranged plate of nouvelle cuisine, the movie establishes its insidious balance of humor and aestheticized gore.[15]

The film was mired in controversy before production began, due in large part to the legacy of the book's release.[16] Harron has a liking for darker and more controversial topics, such as Valerie Solanas, but it was the satirical nature of the book that "inspired her film about perfunctory violence and obsessive consumption."[17] As Harron began production, the crew had to contend with threats of protest, as the issue of violence in the media became crystallized by the Columbine shootings. Campaigns against the film continued throughout production, the Feminist Majority Foundation condemning the film as misogynist, and the Canadians Concerned About Violence in Entertainment (C-CAVE) convincing restaurant owners to deny Harron permission to film in their establishments.[18] When returning to work with Turner, Harron felt they were best suited for the job of American Psycho as they needed no hesitation on feminist values, especially after Turner's successful lesbian film Go Fish.[2]

Although some criticized American Psycho for its violence against women, Harron and Turner made conscious decisions that project the female influence on this adaption. Harron's adaptation of this film changes the focus from purely Bateman's perspective to showcase the faces of the women as "the perspective in those murder scenes wasn't through Patrick Bateman but the women."[19]

In the years following its release, the film has achieved cult status; the controversy surrounding it, to some, gave way to an appreciation of the film's satirical qualities, while many others remain critical of its violence and depiction of 1980s decadence.[19] Harron would later describe in an interview with BBC, that American Psycho is a "period thing" that glimpsed at 1980s corporate capitalism, but from a distance.[20]

The Notorious Bettie Page[edit]

The Notorious Bettie Page, released in 2005, starred Gretchen Mol as Bettie Page, the 1950s pinup model who became a sexual icon. The film shows Page as the daughter of religious and conservative parents, as well as the fetish symbol who became a target of a Senate investigation of pornography. For this film, Harron did historical character research, and interviewed several of Page's friends as well as Page's first husband. Page was legally bound to another project and so unable to be interviewed. Harron saw Page as an unwitting feminist figure who represented a movement for women's sexual liberation, with some similarities to and differences from Solanas. About the film, Harron said in 2006:

Clearly Bettie is a very inspiring figure to young women because she had a strong independent streak. She did what she wanted to do and she wasn't just doing it for men ... But I think it's a huge mistake to think of her as a conscious feminist heroine. As far as I can see, she didn't have an agenda, ever. She just followed her own path unconsciously. I don't think she thought of herself as a rebel in any way. She was kind of in her own world of dress-up.[21]

Harron later stated that the film suffered from false expectations, in that many male critics and male viewers expected and wanted the film to be "sexy", but that the film instead portrayed "what it’s like to be Bettie", and Page herself did not get a "sexual charge" out of her modelling.[22]

The Moth Diaries[edit]

The Moth Diaries (2011), Harron's fourth feature film, is another adaption of an American novel, being based on Rachel Klein's 2002 novel of the same name. The film follows a group of girls living together at Brangwyn, a boarding school. A new student arrives, Ernessa (Lily Cole) and the girls begin to suspect that she is a vampire. Harron has described the film as a "gothic coming-of-age story"[23] that explores the nuanced friendships of teenage girls as they are repeatedly confronted with the prospect of adulthood. This Gothic horror feature entangles teenage experiences of sexuality, close female friendships, and drama with supernatural elements.

The film was shot in and around Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It is a Canada-Ireland co-production as Harron worked with Irish production company Samson Films' David Collins.[24]

Charlie Says[edit]

Harron directed the 2018 independent film Charlie Says, with a screenplay by Turner, which tells the real-life story of how three of Charles Manson's female followers (Susan Atkins, Patricia Krenwinkel, and Leslie Van Houten) came to terms with the magnitude of their crimes while incarcerated in the 1970s. Matt Smith played Manson in flashbacks. The film had initially been intended for another director, but when that director was no longer available Harron took over. Harron stated that she was fascinated by the psychological aspects of how the women ended up committing murder as a result of both manipulation by Manson and feelings of solidarity with one another.[25]

Other work[edit]

In addition to her films, Harron was also the executive producer of The Weather Underground, a documentary looking at the Weathermen (political activists and extremists of the 1970s). She has also worked in television, directing episodes of Oz, Six Feet Under, Homicide: Life on the Street, The L Word and Big Love. Working on the episode of Six Feet Under "The Rainbow of Her Reasons", Harron was brought back together with I Shot Andy Warhol actress, Lili Taylor.[11]

Views[edit]

Harron has been at times labelled a feminist filmmaker, in part due to her film on lesbian feminist Valerie Solanas, I Shot Andy Warhol, as well as a lesbian storyline within her 2011 teenage Gothic horror film The Moth Diaries (2011).[11] She has consistently denied this label, although she does consider herself a feminist. In a 2006 interview, she stated:

I feel that without feminism, I wouldn't be doing this. So I feel very grateful. Without it, God knows what my life would be. I don't make feminist films in the sense that I don't make anything ideological. But I do find that women get my films better. Women and gay men. Maybe because they're less threatened by it, or they see what I'm trying to say better.[26]

She is a member of Film Fatales, a women's independent filmmaker collective.

Asked about her Canadian identity in a 2014 interview, Harron stated that she mostly felt "just not American." She stated that, to her, being Canadian meant "You don't think you're at the center of things." She also felt that, unlike American directors, she was not "a moralistic filmmaker. I’m not trying to tell people what to do, and I’m not trying to lead... I’m interested in ambiguity."[22]

Although her films deal with controversial materials, like American Psycho, she does not put emphasis on gore and violence.[17]

Personal life[edit]

Harron lives in New York with her husband, filmmaker John C. Walsh, and their two daughters.[27]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Title Award Category Presenter Shared With Results Ref.
1996 I Shot Andy Warhol Grand Jury Prize Dramatic Sundance Film Festival Nominated
1997 I Shot Andy Warhol Independent Spirit Award Best First Feature Film Independent Spirit Awards Tom Kalin (producer) and Christine Vachon (producer) Nominated
2000 American Psycho Sierra Award Best Screenplay, Adapted Las Vegas Film Critics Society Awards Guinevere Turner Nominated
2000 American Psycho Best Film Sitges – Catalonian International Film Festival Nominated
2000 American Psycho ACCA Best Adapted Screenplay Awards Circuit Community Awards Guinevere Turner Nominated
2001 American Psycho Chlotrudis Award Best Adapted Screenplay Chlotrudis Society for Independent Film Awards Guinevere Turner Won
2001 American Psycho AFLS Award Director of the Year London Critics Circle Film Awards Nominated
2005 Filmmaker on the Edge Award Filmmaker Provincetown International Film Festival Won
2006 The Notorious Bettie Page Teddy Best Feature Film Berlin International Film Festival Nominated
2011 The Moth Diaries Black Pearl Award Best Narrative Feature Abu Dhabi Film Festival Nominated
2018 Alias Grace Canadian Screen Award Best Limited Series Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television Noreen Halpern, Sarah Polley, D.J. Carson Won
2018 Alias Grace Canadian Screen Award Best Direction, Drama Program or Limited Series Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television Won
2018 Alias Grace Gotham Independent Film Award Breakthrough Series – Longform Gotham Awards Noreen Halpern, and Sarah Polley Nominated
2018 Lifetime Achievement Award Stockholm Lifetime Achievement Stockholm Film Festival Won
2018 Charlie Says Venice Horizons Award Best Film Venice Film Festival Nominated

Filmography[edit]

Director and screenwriter
Executive producer
Researcher

Television[edit]

  • In 1989, Harron directed a Batman special for the BBC series The Late Show which charted the character's history from comic book to feature film.[28]
Year Title Notes Episode Season
1993 Homicide: Life on the Street TV series E10: "Sins of the Father" S06
1994 Winds of Change TV movie documentary
1998 Oz TV series E07: "Animal Farm" S02
2001 Pasadena TV series E07: "The Bones" Unaired S01
2004 The L Word TV drama series E11: "Liberally" S01
2005 Six Feet Under TV series E06: "The Rainbow of Her Reasons" S05
2006 Big Love TV series E06: "Roberta's Funeral" S01
2008 Fear Itself TV series E07: "Community" S01
2013 The Anna Nicole Story TV Movie
2017 Alias Grace TV miniseries All six episodes

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Johnson, Brian D. (March 17, 2003). "Mary Harron". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on June 9, 2019.
  2. ^ a b Punter, Jennie (September 5, 2011). "The Monday Q&A: Mary Harron". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. p. R3. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d Johnson, Brian D. (April 10, 2000). "Canadian Cool Meets American Psycho". Maclean's.
  4. ^ Michaelmas Term 1974. Complete Alphabetical List of the Resident Members of the University of Oxford. Oxford University Press. 1974. p. 137.
  5. ^ "FACTBOX - Tony Blair's new job". Reuters. 2007-06-27. Retrieved 2018-10-29. At university, Blair played guitar and sang in a rock band called the Ugly Rumours. He also dated Canadian film director Mary Harron, who went on to make the movie 'American Pyscho'.
  6. ^ Kate Bussman (2009-03-06). "Cutting edge". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 2018-10-29. 'Please don't ask me about Tony Blair,' she pleads with a laugh, as the subject of the man she once described as 'the only nice person I ever went out with at Oxford' is broached. 'I only ever gave one interview about it, before he became prime minister, but somehow after American Psycho came out, this one interview suddenly appeared in all the British newspapers as if I'd just given a press conference. I've learned it's best not to talk about it at all,' she says, her voice full of humour, but her demeanour firm.
  7. ^ Marie Woolf, Francis Elliott (2006-02-19). "When Tony met Mary met Chris ..." The Independent. Retrieved 2018-10-29. But Tony Blair was not the only budding political leader Ms Harron - a flamboyant undergraduate who went on to direct American Psycho - dated as a carefree student. By remarkable coincidence, she also went out with Chris Huhne, an Oxford contemporary of Blair, who last week was tipped in the polls as the most likely contender to take over from Charles Kennedy as Liberal Democrat leader.
  8. ^ Beth Lambert (2015-05-10). "Mary Harron: Directing The Undirectable". Oxford Student. Retrieved 2018-10-29. Incidentally, one of those men was Tony Blair, who she went out with as an undergraduate; something which once again I can't reconcile with her wild child image, but Blair must have been more into his New York Dolls than New Labour while he was at St John's.
  9. ^ Katie Rife (2017-12-08). "Mary Harron breaks down the art of terror in an exclusive clip from Shudder's The Core". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 2018-10-29. Mary Harron didn't start her career as a film director until her 40s, after a wild and fascinating early life that included a stint as one of the first writers of Punk magazine and a brief romance with future British Prime Minister Tony Blair when the two were students at Oxford.
  10. ^ Hurd, Mary. Women Directors and Their Films. Westport: Praeger Publishers, 2007. Print.
  11. ^ a b c Bendix, Trish (March 24, 2014). "Mary Harron is a Feminist, Queer-friendly Director We Can Believe In". After Ellen.
  12. ^ a b Heller 2008, p. 151.
  13. ^ Kaufman, Anthony (December 3, 2009). "Decade: Mary Harron on 'American Psycho'". indieWire. Retrieved November 29, 2011.
  14. ^ The Perfect Billboard Erected for 'American Psycho'
  15. ^ Holden, Stephen (April 14, 2000). "Film Review; Murderer! Fiend! (But Well Dressed)". The New York Times. Retrieved November 29, 2011.
  16. ^ Marcus, Lydia. "The Pent Up and the Pinup." Lesbian News. April 2006: p. 43. Print.
  17. ^ a b Childerhose, Buffy (2000). "There's Something about Mary [Filmmaker Mary Harron has a Penchant for Controversial Material: American Psycho.]". Chatelaine. 73 (5). p. 40.
  18. ^ Harron, Mary. "The Risky Territory of 'American Psycho'". The New York Times 9 April 2000 late ed.: section 2. Print.
  19. ^ a b Bussmann, Kate. "Cutting Edge". The Guardian. March 5, 2009. p. 16. Print.
  20. ^ Barber, Nicholas (March 21, 2016). "Did American Psycho predict the future?". BBC Culture.
  21. ^ "Bad Girls Go Everywhere: A Q&A with Mary Harron, director of The Notorious Bettie Page". Nerve. April 14, 2006. Retrieved November 29, 2011.
  22. ^ a b Gross, Anisse (March 1, 2014). "An Interview with Mary Harron". Believer Magazine.
  23. ^ King, Randall. "The Notorious Mary Harron." Winnipeg Free Press. March 1, 2012. Print.
  24. ^ "Director Mary Harron Currently Behind the Camera for the Big Screen Adaptation of THE MOTH DIARIES". Canada NewsWire. September 9, 2010.
  25. ^ White, Abbey (May 13, 2019). "'Charlie Says' Director Mary Harron Talks Depicting the "Tiny Choices" of the Manson Women". Hollywood Reporter.
  26. ^ Hornaday, Ann (April 16, 2006). "Women of Independent Miens: Nicole Holofcener and Mary Harron Prove a Woman's Place Is in the Director's Chair". Washington Post, N01.
  27. ^ Hankin, Kelly (2007). "And Introducing ... the Female Director: Documentaries about Women Filmmakers as Feminist Activism". NWSA Journal. 19 (1): 59–88. doi:10.2979/NWS.2007.19.1.59. JSTOR 4317231. S2CID 144360794.
  28. ^ The Late Show Batman Special BFI Listing

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]