Mary Kelly (artist)
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|Born||1941 (age 76–77)
Fort Dodge, Iowa
|Awards||Guggenheim Fellowship (2015)|
Mary Kelly has contributed extensively to the discourse of feminism and postmodernism through her large-scale narrative installations and theoretical writings. Kelly’s work mediates between conceptual art and the more intimate interests of artists of the 1980s. Her work has been exhibited internationally and she is considered among the most influential contemporary artists working today. Mary Kelly is Judge Widney Professor at the USC Roski School of Art and Design of the University of Southern California. She was previously Professor of Art at the University of California, Los Angeles, where she was Head of Interdisciplinary Studio, an area she initiated for artists engaged in site-specific, collective, and project based work. Mary Kelly is represented by "Susanne Vielmetter Los Angeles Projects" in Culver City, CA; "Pippy Houldsworth Gallery" in London, UK and Mitchell-Innes & Nash in New York, NY.
Kelly is known for her project-based work in the form of large-scale narrative installations. Post-Partum Document (1973–79) is a process-based work, which uses objects of both personal and theoretical significance to document the mother-child relationship. Gloria Patri (1992) draws on an archive of found material from the first Gulf War to question how the violence of international events affects or is affected by individual lives. In her monumental work, Interim (1984–89), Kelly deals with collective memories of women. Its object is to specify the discourses that define and regulate feminine identities. In the Ballad of Kastriot Rexhepi (2001), panels of lint, formed in a domestic dryer, are joined together to form undulating waves that tell the story of a child abandoned during the war in Kosovo. As part of this work, Kelly commissioned the composer, Michael Nyman to create a score for the ballad that was performed by soprano Sarah Leonard and the Nyman Quartet at the opening of the exhibition at the Santa Monica Museum of Art. In 2004, Kelly created a piece called Circa 1968. This set of works brings back the movement of the 1968 demonstration by university students in Paris. Similar to the Ballad of Kastriot Rexhepi, the piece is composed of dryer lint and required over 10,000 loads of laundry to acquire enough lint to produce. The installation is projected onto the wall to bring about questions of the reoccurring past, the future and the legacy that these events will hold. For Love Songs (2005), Kelly enlisted the help of young women interested in the philosophies and legacies of the women’s movement to restage historical photographs of protests some thirty years after they were taken. Her “remixes” are just approximate enough to allow for real differences between versions, but similar enough to suggest literal and metaphorical continuities.
She has had major solo exhibitions at the New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York, in 1990, Generali Foundation, Vienna, in 1998, Institute for Contemporary Art, London, in 1993. Recent group exhibitions she had include documenta 12, Kassel, Germany, in 2007, WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, in 2007, the 2004 Whitney Biennial at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, the 2008 Biennale of Sydney, Australia, the 2008 California Biennial, and most recently in Mary Kelly: Projects, 1973-2020 at the Whitworth Gallery in Manchester, UK, in 2011.
The first three parts of her influential work Post-Partum Document (1973 - 7) were shown at the Institute of Contemporary Arts in 1976. Interim, one of her most ambitious projects, was first shown as a complete work at the New Museum in 1990. In 2007 she participated in documenta in Kassel, Germany, exhibiting a mixed media installation entitled "Love Songs". Kelly's works are held in numerous museum collections including the Tate.
By the artist
- Post-Partum Document, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1983, reprint, English and German, Generali Foundation, Vienna and University of California Press, Berkeley, 1998
- Imaging Desire, MIT Press, 1996
- Pecunia Olet, Top Stories, New York 1989
On the artist
- Rance, Victoria 'Mary Kelly: Projects, 1973-2010' n.paradoxa Volume 28 July 2011 pp. 80-87.
- Mary Kelly: Words are things, (catalog) and Mary Kelly: On fidelity, (conference papers), Centre for Contemporary Art, Ujazdowski Castle, Warsaw, 2008
- Mary Kelly, Espacio AV, Region de Murcia, 2008
- Mary Kelly: La balada de Kastriot Rexhepi/ Musica original de Michael Nyman, (catalog), Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 2004
- Rereading Post-Partum Document, Generali Foundation, Vienna, 1999
- Mary Kelly, Phaidon Press, London, 1997
- Social Process Collaborative Action: Mary Kelly 1970-1975, Charles H. Scott Gallery, Vancouver, 1997
- Mary Kelly: Gloria Patri, (catalog) Herbert F. Johnson Museum, Cornell University and Ezra & Cecile Zilkha Gallery, Wesleyan University
- Mary Kelly: Interim, (catalog), New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York, 1990.
- Richmond, Susan. "From Stone to Cloud: Mary Kelly’s Love Songs and Feminist Intergenerationality". Feminist Theory 11.1 (2010): 57-78. Print.
Kunsthaus, Zurich, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, Spencer Museum of Art, University of Kansa, Santa Monica, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, Arts Council of Great Britain, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, Australian National Gallery, The Tate Britain, London, the Tate Modern, London, New Hall, Cambridge University, Art Gallery of Ontario, Vancouver Art Gallery, New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York City, Mackenzie Art Gallery, Regina, Helsinki City Art Museum, Generali Foundation, Vienna, Colorado University Art Museum, Bard College, New York, Centre for Contemporary Art, Warsaw, Orange County Museum of Art, Newport Beach and Moderna Museet, Stockholm.
- "John Simon Guggenheim Foundation - Mary Kelly". gf.org. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
- Walker, John A. Art and Outrage: Provocation, Controversy and the Avant-garde., London: Pluto, 1999 page 83
- "Artists (select from top menu)". Postmasters Gallery NYC. Retrieved April 11, 2017.
- "Mary Kelly: Four Works in Dialogue 1973-2010". Moderna Museet. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- "Mary Kelly - Professor, Interdisciplinary Studio". University of California, Art Department. Archived from the original on December 26, 2015.
- LLC, Susanne Vielmetter Los Angeles Projects,. "Selected Works by Mary Kelly - Susanne Vielmetter Los Angeles Projects". vielmetter.com. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
- Brasington, Thomas. "Pippy Houldsworth". houldsworth.co.uk. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
- "Mary Kelly - Artists - Mitchell-Innes & Nash". www.miandn.com. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
- "Mary Kelly, Post-Partum Document, 1973-79". Archived from the original on June 28, 2010. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
- "Mary Kelly GP Window". Archived from the original on July 15, 2011.
- Bonham, Charlotte, and David Hodge.The Contemporary Art Book, London: Goodman, an imprint of Carlton Publishing Group, 2009. Page 129
- "Mary Kelly, Interim". Archived from the original on May 29, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
- Sandler, Irving. Art of the Post Modern Era, New York: Harper Collins, 1996, p 400.
- Kraus,Chris, Jan Tumlir, and Jans McFadden. LA Artland, London: Black Dog Publishing, 2005, p 103.
- "Circa 1968". www.marykellyartist.com. Retrieved 2017-04-11.
-  Archived November 1, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
- Burton,Johanna. Mary Kelly Postmasters, New York: Art Forum, January, 2005.
- Victoria Rance 'Mary Kelly: Projects, 1973-2010' vol.28 July 2012 n.paradoxa: international feminist art journal pp.80-87
- "Exhibitions". www.marykellyartist.com. Retrieved 2017-04-11.
- Ian White, The Body Politic Archived 2009-11-16 at the Wayback Machine., Frieze, May 2007.
- "New Museum Archive - Mary Kelly: Interim".
- Richmond, Susan. "Stop Frame, Rewind, Push Forward: Mary Kelly's Love Songs" Archived 2011-02-02 at the Wayback Machine., Art Papers, July 2008. Retrieved on 2010-06-23.
- "Mary Kelly artist biography". Tate. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
- Artist website
- Christopher Miles, Mary Kelly: Santa Monica Museum of Art - Los Angeles, ArtForum, March 2002.
- Holland Cotter, Art in Review, The New York Times, April 9, 1999.
- John A. Walker, Mary Kelly at Institute of Contemporary Arts (1976) - Can dirty nappies be art?. Excerpt from Art & Outrage, 1999/2010.
- Rosadoras Schreibwelt,