Mary Kom

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For the 2014 film about Mary Kom, see Mary Kom (film).
Mary Kom
Mary Kom - British High Commission, Delhi, 27 July 2011.jpg
Kom speaking at the British High Commission in Delhi, 2011
Personal information
Birth name Mangte Chungneijang
Full name Mangte Chungneijang Mary Kom
Nickname(s) Magnificent Mary
Nationality Indian
Born (1983-03-01) 1 March 1983 (age 33)[1]
Kangathei, Manipur, India
Residence Imphal, Manipur, India
Occupation MP of Rajya Sabha (nominated) from 25th April, 2016 to 24th April, 2022
Height 1.58 m (5 ft 2 in)
Weight 51 kg (112 lb)
Spouse(s) Karung Onkholer Kom
Sport
Country India
Sport Boxing (Rated at 47kg, 48kg, 51kg)
Coached by Gopal Devang, M. Narjit Singh, Charles Atkinson, Rongmei Josiah.

Chungneijang Mery Kom Hmangte[3] (born 1 March 1983[1]), better known as Mary Kom,[4] is an Olympic Indian boxer hailing from the Kom-Kuki tribe in Manipur. She is a five-time World Amateur Boxing champion, and the only woman boxer to have won a medal in each one of the six world championships.[5] Nicknamed "Magnificent Mary", she is the only Indian woman boxer to have qualified for the 2012 Summer Olympics, competing in the flyweight (51 kg) category and winning the bronze medal.[6] She has also been ranked as No. 4 AIBA World Women's Ranking Flyweight category.[7] She became the first Indian woman boxer to get a Gold Medal in the Asian Games in 2014 in Incheon, South Korea.[8] On 26 April 2016, she was nominated by the President of India as a member of the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian parliament,India[9]

Early life[edit]

Kom was born in Kangathei village, Moirang Lamkhai in Churachandpur district of rural Manipur in eastern India.[10] She came from a poor family. Her parents, Mangte Tonpa Kom and Mangte Akham Kom were tenant farmers who worked in jhum fields.[11] They named her Chungneijang. Kom grew up in humble surroundings, helping her parents with farm related chores, going to school and learning athletics initially and later boxing simultaneously. Kom's father was a keen wrestler in his younger days. She was the eldest of three children - she has a younger sister and brother.[12]

Kom studied at the Loktak Christian Model High School at Moirang up to her sixth standard and thereafter attended St. Xavier Catholic School, Moirang, up to class VIII. During this time, she took a good amount of interest in athletics, especially javelin and 400 metres running. It was at this juncture, Dingko Singh, a fellow Manipuri returned from the Bangkok Asian games with a gold medal. Kom recollects that this had inspired many youngsters in Manipur to try boxing, and she too thought of giving it a try.[13]

After standard VIII, Kom moved to Adimjati High School, Imphal, for her schooling for class IX and X, but was unable to pass the matriculation exam. Not wishing to reappear for them, she quit her school and gave her examination from NIOS, Imphal and graduation from Churachandpur College.[14]

In school, Kom participated in all types of sports including volleyball, football and athletics. It was the success of Dingko Singh that inspired her to switch from athletics to boxing in 2000. She started her training under her first coach K.Kosana Meitei in Imphal. When she was 15, she took the decision to leave her hometown to study at the Sports academy in the stae capital Imphal.[15] In an interview with BBC, Meitei remembered here as a dedicated hardworking girl with a strong will power, who picked up the basics of boxing quickly. Thereafter she trained under the Manipur State Boxing Coach M. Narjit Singh, at Khuman Lampak, Imphal.[16] Kom kept her interest in boxing a secret from her father, himself an ex-wrestler, as he was concerned that boxing would hurt Kom's face and spoil her chances of marriage. However, he learnt of it when Kom's photo appeared in a newspaper after she won the state boxing championship in 2000. After three years, her father began to support Kom's pursuits in boxing as he grew convinced of her love of boxing.[17]

Return to boxing[edit]

After a two-year break, she won a silver medal at the 2008 Asian Women's Boxing Championship in India[18] and a fourth successive gold medal at the AIBA Women's World Boxing Championship in China,[19] followed by a gold medal at the 2009 Asian Indoor Games in Vietnam.[citation needed][18]

In 2010, Kom won the gold medal at the Asian Women's Boxing Championship in Kazakhstan,[18] and at the AIBA Women's World Boxing Championship in Barbados, her fifth consecutive gold at the championship. She competed in Barbados in the 48 kg weight category, after AIBA had stopped using the 46 kg class.[20] In the 2010 Asian Games, she competed in the 51 kg class - the lowest in the contest - and won a bronze medal.[citation needed] In 2011, she won gold in the 48 kg class at the Asian Women's Cup in China.

On 3 October 2010, she, along with Sanjay and Harshit Jain, had the honour of bearing the Queen's Baton in its opening ceremony run in the stadium for the 2010 Commonwealth Games of Delhi.[21][22] She did not compete, however, as women's boxing was not included in the Commonwealth Games.

On 1 October 2014, she won her first Gold Medal at the Asian Games held at Incheon, South Korea by beating Kazakhstan’s Zhaina Shekerbekova in the flyweight (51 kg) summit clash.

Olympic Games[edit]

Kom, who had previously fought in the 46 and 48 kg categories, shifted to the 51 kg category after the world body decided to allow women’s boxing in only three weight categories eliminating the lower weight classes.[citation needed]

At the 2012 AIBA Women's World Boxing Championship, Kom was competing not just for the championship itself but also for a place at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, the first time women's boxing had featured as an Olympic sport. She was defeated in the 51 kg quarter-finals by Nicola Adams of the UK, but did succeed in getting a place for the Olympics. She was the only Indian woman to qualify for boxing event, with Laishram Sarita Devi narrowly missing a place in the 60 kg class.[23]

Kom was accompanied to London by her mother[24] and husband .[citation needed] Kom's coach Charles Atkinson could not join her at the Olympic Village as he didn't possess an International Boxing Association (AIBA) 3 Star Certification, which is mandatory for accreditation.[25] She had all her luggage and passport stolen on the way to the selection camp in Bangkok, Thailand for her first Asian Women’s Boxing Championships.[26][27] The first Olympic round was held on 5 August 2012, with Kom defeating Karolina Michalczuk of Poland 19-14 in the third women's boxing match ever to be fought at the Olympics.[28][29] In the quarter-final, the following day, she defeated Maroua Rahali of Tunisia with a score of 15-6.[30] She faced Nicola Adams of UK in the semi-final on 8 August 2012 and lost the bout 6 points to 11.[31] However, she stood third in the competition and garnered an Olympic bronze medal.[32][33][34] In recognition, the Manipur Government awarded her Rs 50 lakhs and two acres of land in a cabinet meeting held on 9 August 2012.[35]

Though keen on representing India at the 2016 Rio Olympics, Kom was not able to qualify for the event. She continues to pursue the sport and train for the same, and is preparing for the 2020 Olympics.[36]

Super Fight League[edit]

Kom appeared on the final episode of the Super Fight League's mixed martial arts reality show - SFL Challengers. During this time Kom was in talks with owners Raj Kundra and Sanjay Dutt to work with the SFL in some manner other than being a fighter.[37]

On 24 September 2012, the Super Fight League announced that Kom will serve as the SFL's brand ambassador.[38][39]

Achievements[edit]

International titles[40]
Year Place Weight Competition Location
2001 Second 48 Women's World Amateur Boxing Championships Scranton, Pennsylvania, United States
2002 First 45 Women's World Amateur Boxing Championships Antalya, Turkey
2002 First 45 Witch Cup Pécs, Hungary
2003 First 46 Asian Women's Championships Hisar, India
2004 First 41 Women's World Cup Tønsberg, Norway
2005 First 46 Asian Women's Championships Kaohsiung, Taiwan
2005 First 46 Women's World Amateur Boxing Championships Podolsk, Russia
2006 First 46 Women's World Amateur Boxing Championships New Delhi, India
2006 First 46 Venus Women's Box Cup Vejle, Denmark
2008 First 46 Women's World Amateur Boxing Championships Ningbo, China
2008 Second 46 Asian Women's Championships Guwahati, India
2009 First 46 Asian Indoor Games Hanoi, Vietnam
2010 First 48 Women's World Amateur Boxing Championships Bridgetown, Barbados
2010 First 46 Asian Women's Championships Astana, Kazakhstan
2010 Third 51 Asian Games Guangzhou, China
2011 First 48 Asian Women's Cup Haikou, China
2012 First 41 Asian Women's Championships Ulan Bator, Mongolia
2012 Third 51 Summer Olympics London, United Kingdom
2014 First 51 Asian Games Incheon, South Korea
National
  • Gold – 1st Women Nat. Boxing Championship, Chennai 6–12.2.2001
  • The East Open Boxing Champ, Bengal 11–14.12.2001
  • 2nd Sr World Women Boxing Championship, New Delhi 26–30.12.2001
  • National Women Sort Meet, N. Delhi 26–30.12.2001
  • 32nd National Games, Hyderabad 2002
  • 3rd Sr World Women Boxing Champ, Aizawl 4–8.3.2003
  • 4th Sr WWBC, Kokrajar, Assam 24–28.2.2004
  • 5th Sr WWBC, Kerala 26–30.12.2004
  • 6th Sr WWBC, Jamshedpur 29 November-3.12.2005
  • 10th WNBC, Jamshedpur lost QF by 1–4 on 5.10.2009

Awards and recognitions[edit]

In 2015, Kom became the first amateur to surpass several professional athletes in India in earnings, endorsements and awards. She is the first amateur athlete to win the Padma Bhushan.

Kom with Prime Minister Narendra Modi
For the bronze medal at the 2012 London Olympics

Media[edit]

Her autobiography, Unbreakable, was co-authored by Dina Serto[54] and published by Harper Collins in late 2013.[55]

In 2014, Priyanka Chopra played the main role of Mary Kom in Mary Kom, a biographical film about her life. Although the mother tongue of Mary is Kom, a Sino-Tibetan dialect, the movie features Meithei, another Sino-Tibetan language which is the lingua franca in the Manipur mountains.

The movie is directed by Omung Kumar and was released on 5 September 2014.[56]

Personal life[edit]

She first met her husband in 2001 when Kom was in New Delhi on her way to the National Games in Punjab and Onler was studying law at Delhi University. After four years they were married in 2005.[57]

Together they have 3 sons: twins Rechungvar and Khupneivar (2007),[58] and son Prince (May 2013).[59][60]

Association with social causes[edit]

Kom is an animal rights activist, and supporter of PETA India, starring in an ad to call for an end to the use of elephants in circuses. "Circuses are cruel places for animals where they are beaten and tortured. As a mother, I can imagine what animals go through when their children are taken away from them to forcefully perform in circuses. It's sad," Kom has been quoted in the media.[61]

Kom has also backed PETA India's humane education campaign, Compassionate Citizen. She has written a letter to the education ministers of states and union territories across India requesting that the programme be incorporated into official school curriculums. In an interview in the Times of India she was quoted as saying, "One of the best ways to knock out cruelty to animals is to teach compassion to young people. Animals need us in their corner. With violence seemingly all around us, it is more important than ever that we teach lessons of respect and kindness in the classroom."[62]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kom, Mary (2013). Unbreakable. 
  2. ^ V Krishnaswamy (24 July 2012). "Mary Kom". Forbes India. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "London Olympics - Womens fly 51kg, Semi finals - India vs Great Britain". www.olympic.org. World Olympics Committee. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  4. ^ "Mary Kom Review". Mid-day. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  5. ^ I see India. "Magnificent Mary". On Mary Kom. I see India. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  6. ^ "Olympics: Mary Kom loses SF 6-11, wins bronze". IBN Live. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  7. ^ "AIBA World Women's Ranking". AIBA. Retrieved 5 June 2012. 
  8. ^ Gold s/asian-games-2014-day-12-live-india-women-aim-for-hockey-bronze-mary-kom-in-striking-distance-of-gold/ Kom wins th
  9. ^ Bhandaram, Vishnupriya (26 April 2016). "Parliament Live: Mary Kom and Subramanian Swamy take oath in Rajya Sabha". Firstpost. Retrieved 26 April 2016. 
  10. ^ Mary Kom, M.C. (1 August 2013). Unbreakable -: An Autobiography (First ed.). Delhi: Harper Collins. ISBN 9351160092. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  11. ^ "NE India:Indigenous Women dream to win World Boxing Champion 2012". 
  12. ^ "About Marykom". www.wban.org. World Boxing Archive Network. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  13. ^ "Interview with Mary Kom". The Deccan Herald. 30 September 2004. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  14. ^ Chitra Garg (2010). Indian Champions: Profiles Of Famous Indian Sportspersons. Rajpal & Sons. pp. 93–. ISBN 978-81-7028-852-7. Retrieved 29 June 2012. 
  15. ^ "World Olympic dreams - Meeting Mary Kom". BBC World News. 7 February 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  16. ^ Williams, Dee (6 February 2008). "Mary Kom". (WBAN) Women Boxing Archive Network. Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  17. ^ Gaur, Anita (1 June 2016). The Life and Times of M.C. Mary Kom. Delhi: Prabhat Prakashan. ISBN 9351865991. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  18. ^ a b c E-Pao. "Mangte Chungneijang Mary Kom :: Manipur Olympic Dreams 2012 London". About Mary Kom. E-Pao. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  19. ^ Mary makes women's boxing's Olympic case stronger: AIBA President
  20. ^ Laxmi Negi (19 September 2010). "Mary Kom wins fifth successive World Boxing Championship gold". The Times of India. 
  21. ^ World News. "Mc Mary Kom Aiba Women's World Boxing Championship". About Mary Kom. World News. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  22. ^ "Baton for Commonwealth Games to enter India today". The Times of India. 25 June 2010. Retrieved 21 May 2012. 
  23. ^ Times of India (18 May 2012). "Mary Kom qualifies for London Olympics". Times of India. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  24. ^ "London calling for Mary Kom's mom too". The Times Of India. 20 July 2012. 
  25. ^ "Mary Kom's American coach not to be with her at Olympics". The Times Of India. Retrieved 2 August 2012. 
  26. ^ "Mary Kom Biography". women planet. 
  27. ^ "Mary Kom, husband disclose their love story". The Times Of India. 9 December 2013. 
  28. ^ AIBA (5 August 2012). "Women make history". Retrieved 5 August 2012. 
  29. ^ "Mary Kom proud to win on historic day". The Times of India. 5 August 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2012. 
  30. ^ "Mary Kom storms into semis, assures India of a medal". The Hindustan Times. 6 August 2012. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  31. ^ Bakowski, Gregg (8 August 2012). "Nicola Adams beats Mary Kom to reach 51kg Olympic final". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  32. ^ "Mary Kom attempts to create history in Olympics boxing by reaching final". The Times Of India. 8 August 2012. 
  33. ^ Sorry I couldn't win Gold or Silver: Mary Kom after winning Bronze | Boxing | NDTVSports.com
  34. ^ "Mary Kom didn't play her natural game, say pugilists". The Times Of India. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  35. ^ "London Olympics 2012: Manipur to award ₹. 75 lakh to Mary Kom". The Times Of India. 10 August 2012. 
  36. ^ "Heartbreak for Indian boxing fans as Mary Kom denied Rio 2016 ticket". Hindustan Times. PTI. 23 June 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  37. ^ "Mary Kom to strike long-term partnership with SFL owners". hindustantimes.com. 26 September 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2012. 
  38. ^ "Mary Kom brand ambassador of Raj Kundra's SFL". newstrackindia.com. 24 September 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 
  39. ^ "Super Fight League ropes in Mary Kom as brand ambassador". timesofindia.com. 26 September 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 
  40. ^ "AIBA Women's World Boxing Championships Qinhuangdao 2012 Athletes Biographies" (PDF). International Boxing Association. Retrieved 3 June 2012. 
  41. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20160415122919/http://www.nbc40.net/news/aiba-announces-mary-kom-as-a-brand-ambassador-for-womens-world-championships-317/
  42. ^ a b "Padma Awards". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  43. ^ "President Pratibha Patil presents Khel Ratna, Arjuna awards". Hindustan Times. 29 August 2009. Retrieved 2 June 2012. 
  44. ^ "Mary Kom, Vijender and Sushil get Khel Ratna". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 29 July 2009. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012. Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  45. ^ Manipur Express, 31 June 2006 Sat, Ed. L. Chinkhanlian, Lamka; The Sangai Express, 19 April 2008, Imphal
  46. ^ Zamzachin, Dr. G. (3 November 2009). "MARY KOM MC (Mangte Chungneijang)". Zogam.Com. Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  47. ^ "Sahara Sports Awards: Sushil Kumar, Mary Kom get top honours". 31 October 2010. 
  48. ^ PTI 13 August 2012, 05.17PM IST (19 September 2010). "Rajasthan announces cash awards for Olympic winners Vijay Kumar, Sushil Kumar, Mary Kom, Saina Nehwal and others - Economic Times". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. 
  49. ^ "Manipur govt announces Rs 75 lakh award for Mary Kom - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 10 August 2012. 
  50. ^ Bikash Singh, ET Bureau 9 August 2012, 11.32PM IST (9 August 2012). "London Olympics: Assam announces Rs 20 lakh for Mary Kom - Economic Times". Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com. 
  51. ^ ANI (20 April 2011). "Arunachal Govt. honours Mary Kom, announces 10 lakh award - Yahoo! News India". In.news.yahoo.com. 
  52. ^ "Rs 10 Lakh Reward to Mary Kom for Olympics Feat". news.outlookindia.com. 10 August 2012. 
  53. ^ "Olympics 2012: Bronze medalist Mary Kom to get Rs40 lakh from NEC - Sport - DNA". Dnaindia.com. 
  54. ^ KHELEN THOKCHOM (18 December 2013). "Twins release Unbreakable". The Telegraph. Calcutta. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  55. ^ "Mary Kom's autobiography released by Sushmita Sen". The Times Of India. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2013. 
  56. ^ Masand, Rajeev (8 September 2014). "'Mary Kom' review: The film is watchable, but never great like it should've been". CNN-IBN. Retrieved 7 January 2015. 
  57. ^ "Olympian Mary Kom was molested when she was 18". Biharprabha News. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  58. ^ http://www.telegraphindia.com/1131219/jsp/northeast/story_17694574.jsp#.Vto5kubvBFt
  59. ^ Kumar, Priyanka (8 March 2012). "MC Mary Kom: Boxer, mother, icon". IBN Live. Retrieved 2 June 2012. 
  60. ^ "For Mary Kom, life comes second to Olympic dream". First Post. 23 May 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2012. 
  61. ^ "Boxer Mary Kom lends support to PETA campaign for elephants". Times of India. 26 October 2014. 
  62. ^ News "Mary Kom joins hands with PETA to promote humane education" Check |url= value (help). 25 September 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]