- For the 2014 film about Mary Kom, see Mary Kom (film)
Kom speaking at the British High Commission in Delhi, 2011
|Birth name||Mangte Chungneijang|
|Full name||Mangte Chungneijang Mary Kom|
1 March 1983 |
Kangathei, Manipur, India
|Residence||Imphal, Manipur, India|
|Height||1.58 m (5 ft 2 in)|
|Weight||51 kg (112 lb)|
|Spouse(s)||Karung Onkholer Kom|
|Sport||Boxing (Rated at 46kg, 48kg, 51kg)|
|Coached by||M. Narjit Singh, Charles Atkinson|
Mangte Chungneijang Mary Kom (born 1 March 1983), also known as MC Mary Kom, or simply Mary Kom, is an Indian boxer. She is a five-time World Amateur Boxing champion, and the only woman boxer to have won a medal in each one of the six world championships. Nicknamed "Magnificent Mary", she is the only Indian woman boxer to have qualified for the 2012 Summer Olympics, competing in the flyweight (51 kg) category and winning the bronze medal. She has also been ranked as No. 4 AIBA World Women's Ranking Flyweight category. She became the first Indian woman boxer to get a Gold Medal in the Asian Games in 2014 in Incheon, South Korea.
Kom was born in Kangathei, in Churachandpur district of Manipur in eastern India. Her parents, Mangte Tonpa Kom and Mangte Akham Kom, worked in jhum fields. She did her education from Loktak Christian Model High School, Moirang, up to her class VI standard and attended St. Xavier Catholic School, Moirang, up to class VIII. She then moved to Adimjati High School, Imphal, for her schooling for class IX and X, but was unable to pass the matriculation exam. Not wishing to reappear for them, she quit her school and gave her examination from NIOS, Imphal and graduation from Churachandpur College.
Although she had a keen interest in athletics from childhood, it was the success of Dingko Singh that inspired her to become a boxer in 2000. She started her training under M. Narjit Singh, Manipur State Boxing Coach at Khuman Lampak, Imphal.
Return to boxing
After a two-year break, she won a silver medal at the 2008 Asian Women's Boxing Championship in India and a fourth successive gold medal at the AIBA Women's World Boxing Championship in China, followed by a gold medal at the 2009 Asian Indoor Games in Vietnam.
In 2010, Kom won the gold medal at the Asian Women's Boxing Championship in Kazakhstan, and at the AIBA Women's World Boxing Championship in Barbados, her fifth consecutive gold at the championship. She competed in Barbados in the 48 kg weight category, after AIBA had stopped using the 46 kg class. In the 2010 Asian Games, she competed in the 51 kg class - the lowest in the contest - and won a bronze medal. In 2011, she won gold in the 48 kg class at the Asian Women's Cup in China, and in 2012 took the gold medal in the 51 kg class at the Asian Women's Boxing Championship in Mongolia.
On 3 October 2010, she, along with Sanjay and Harshit Jain, had the honour of bearing the Queen's Baton in its opening ceremony run in the stadium for the 2010 Commonwealth Games of Delhi. She did not compete, however, as women's boxing was not included in the Commonwealth Games.
On 1 October 2014, she won her first Gold Medal at the Asian Games held at Incheon, South Korea by beating Kazakhstan’s Zhaina Shekerbekova in the flyweight (51 kg) summit clash. She won the first ever boxing gold medal for India at Asian Games.
Kom, who had previously fought in the 46 and 48 kg categories, shifted to the 51 kg category after the world body decided to allow women’s boxing in only three weight categories eliminating the lower weight classes.
At the 2012 AIBA Women's World Boxing Championship, Kom was competing not just for the championship itself but also for a place at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, the first time women's boxing had featured as an Olympic sport. She was defeated in the 51 kg quarter-finals by Nicola Adams of the UK, but did succeed in getting a place for the Olympics. She was the only Indian woman to qualify for boxing event, with Laishram Sarita Devi narrowly missing a place in the 60 kg class.
Kom was accompanied to London by her mother and husband . Kom's coach Charles Atkinson could not join her at the Olympic Village as he didn't possess an International Boxing Association (AIBA) 3 Star Certification, which is mandatory for accreditation.
The first Olympic round was held on 5 August 2012, with Kom defeating Karolina Michalczuk of Poland 19-14 in the third women's boxing match ever to be fought at the Olympics. In the quarter-final, the following day, she defeated Maroua Rahali of Tunisia with a score of 15-6. She faced Nicola Adams of UK in the semi-final on 8 August 2012 and lost the bout 6 points to 11. However, she stood third in the competition and garnered an Olympic Bronze medal. In recognition, the Manipur Government awarded her Rs 50 lakhs and two acres of land a cabinet meeting held on 9 August 2012.
Super Fight League
Kom appeared on the final episode of the Super Fight League's mixed martial arts reality show - SFL Challengers. During this time Kom was in talks with owners Raj Kundra and Sanjay Dutt to work with the SFL in some manner other than being a fighter.
|2001||Second||48||Women's World Amateur Boxing Championships||Scranton, Pennsylvania, USA|
|2002||First||45||Women's World Amateur Boxing Championships||Antalya, Turkey|
|2002||First||45||Witch Cup||Pécs, Hungary|
|2003||First||46||Asian Women's Championships||Hisar, India|
|2004||First||41||Women's World Cup||Tønsberg, Norway|
|2005||First||46||Asian Women's Championships||Kaohsiung, Taiwan|
|2005||First||46||Women's World Amateur Boxing Championships||Podolsk, Russia|
|2006||First||46||Women's World Amateur Boxing Championships||New Delhi, India|
|2006||First||46||Venus Women's Box Cup||Vejle, Denmark|
|2008||First||46||Women's World Amateur Boxing Championships||Ningbo, China|
|2009||First||46||Asian Indoor Games||Hanoi, Vietnam|
|2010||First||48||Women's World Amateur Boxing Championships||Bridgetown, Barbados|
|2010||First||46||Asian Women's Championships||Astana, Kazakhstan|
|2010||Third||51||Asian Games||Guangzhou, China|
|2011||First||48||Asian Women's Cup||Haikou, China|
|2012||First||41||Asian Women's Championships||Ulan Bator, Mongolia|
|2012||Third||51||Summer Olympics||London, United Kingdom|
|2014||First||51||Asian Games||Incheon, South Korea|
- Gold – 1st Women Nat. Boxing Championship, Chennai 6–12.2.2001
- The East Open Boxing Champ, Bengal 11–14.12.2001
- 2nd Sr World Women Boxing Championship, New Delhi 26–30.12.2001
- National Women Sort Meet, N. Delhi 26–30.12.2001
- 32nd National Games, Hyderabad 2002
- 3rd Sr World Women Boxing Champ, Aizawl 4–8.3.2003
- 4th Sr WWBC, Kokrajar, Assam 24–28.2.2004
- 5th Sr WWBC, Kerala 26–30.12.2004
- 6th Sr WWBC, Jamshedpur 29 November-3.12.2005
- 10th WNBC, Jamshedpur lost QF by 1–4 on 5.10.2009
Awards and recognitions
- Padma Bhushan (Sports), 2013
- Arjuna Award (Boxing), 2003
- Padma Shree (Sports), 2010
- Contender for Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award, 2007
- People of the Year- Limca Book of Records, 2007
- CNN-IBN & Reliance Industries' Real Heroes Award 14.4. 2008 Mon
- Pepsi MTV Youth Icon 2008
- ‘Magnificent Mary’, AIBA 2008
- Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award, 2009
- International Boxing Association's Ambassador for Women's Boxing 2009 (TSE 30 July 2009 Thur)
- Sportswoman of the year 2010, Sahara Sports Award
- For the Bronze medal at the 2012 London Olympics
- ₹50 lakh (US$79,000) cash award from the Rajasthan Government.
- ₹50 lakh (US$79,000) cash award and two acres of land from the Manipur Government.
- ₹20 lakh (US$32,000) cash award from the Assam Government.
- ₹10 lakh (US$16,000) cash award from the Arunachal Pradesh Government.
- ₹10 lakh (US$16,000) cash award from the Ministry of Tribal Affairs (India).
- ₹40 lakh (US$63,000) cash award from the North Eastern Council.
She is married to K. Onler Kom and has 3 sons - one named K Khupneivar and a pair of twins. She first met her husband in 2001 when Kom in New Delhi on her way to the National Games in Punjab and Onler was studying at Delhi University. They got married in 2005.
Association with Social Causes
Mary Kom is a supporter of animal rights, and has associated with animal rights organization, PETA India, to call for an end to use of elephants in circuses by starring in an ad. "Circuses are cruel places for animals where they are beaten and tortured. As a mother, I can imagine what animals go through when their children are taken away from them to forcefully perform in circuses. It's sad," Mary has been quoted saying in the media.
Mary has also backed PETA India's humane education campaign, Compassionate Citizen. She has written a letter to the education ministers of states and union territories across India requesting that the programme be incorporated into the official curriculum of schools. In an interview to Times of India she has been quoted saying "One of the best ways to knock out cruelty to animals is to teach compassion to young people. Animals need us in their corner. With violence seemingly all around us, it is more important than ever that we teach lessons of respect and kindness in the classroom."
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- KHELEN THOKCHOM (Dec 18, 2013). "Twins release Unbreakable". The Telegraph (Calcutta). Retrieved 18 September 2014.
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